1. On the 7th Sunday after Easter, our Church
celebrates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the
disciples: Jesus told His discipes: "I will not leave
you orphans; I will come to you" (John 14:18); "I will
pray the Father" to give you another Helper (John
2. Originally this day was the day of Jewish Feast of
the weeks Festival: 7 weeks after festival (7x7) ..
Feast of Harvest (Exodus 23:16; Deuteronomy 16:9-10,
16). Grain was planted in the fall, harvested in the
spring. Fifty days later, they celebrated the Feast of
Harvest. An abundant harvest meant sufficient food. It
was thus known as Feast of Weeks or Festival of First
Fruits (like Onam). The Greek term PENTECOST literally
means fiftieth day (from passover) which day they
commemorated God's giving of the Ten Commandments to
Moses on Mount Sinai (anniversary): Exodus 23:20-31;
24:7-8. It was one of the seven annual Holy Days:
Exodus 23:16; 34:22; Leveticus 23:9-22; Numbers 28:26;
Deuteronomy 16:10, 16.
3. After the Ascension, per Jesus (Acts 1:4-5), the
Virgin Mary and all the Apostles assembled in
Jerusalem and were locked in the upper room together
in fear of Jews. Suddenly, a mighty wind arose. The
entire structure shook and it was filled with the
presence of the Holy Spirit. There appeared tongues of
flame which came down on each of the Apostles. They
were filled with the Holy Spirit and almost
immediately began to glorify God and to speak of
Christ in foreign languages (Acts 2:1ff). Christ's
promise to them to send the gifts of the Holy Spirit
from God was thus fulfilled. When breathed (John
20:22) the Apostles received the Holy Spirit, but
fulfilled at Pentecost - like pouring Mooron (Holy
Oil) in the baptism water and then anointing all over
4. Holy Spirit came down upon the faithfuls
also...3000 souls became Christians on this day.
5. For us, Pentecost is the anniversary of the coming
of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles. With this new
covenant, the sparking of the Holy Spirit we receive
at baptism shall revitalize on Pentecost.
6. Pentecost reminds us that God is working in us,
remolding and reshaping our character. The message of
Pentecost is that we are the firstfruits of God's
creation. The power of God's Holy Spirit shall work in
all of us at all times.
7. Through the Spirit, we become "partakers of the
divine nature" (2 Peter 1:4). We are empowered with
spirituality ( Romans 8:8-9).
8. Here is the fulfilment of Joel 2:28 cf. Genesis
9. Holy Spirit reveals sin, justice and judgment;
guides us to walk in truth (John 16:13). The Church
shall also do the same.
A. Conscious of our sins: For renewing and
revitalizing the Holy Spirit in us, we have to be
conscious of our sins (John 16:8): the conversion
takes place: Acts 2:38.
B. Pray: Luke 11:28. Hunger and thirst for
righteousness. cf. Romans 8:26.
C. Obedience: Acts 5:2. Love our God - the
most important commandment. With this new commandment,
we became the new Israel. We have to inscribe this
commandment in our hearts. If we love our brothers and
sisters, we love God: Love as He loves us (John
15:12). So love each other contineously so that Holy
Spirit will be with us all the time. We have to
crucify ourselves ( Galatians 5: 24; Luke 9:23).
10. Holy Spirit helps to interpret the teachings of
Jesus. All of them understood each other. Do we
understand each other; husband and wife; parents and
11. Holy Spirit:
A. Full of power: Zechariah 4:6; Micah 3:8
B. Spirit of wisdom and understanding: Isaiah
C. Gift of God: Acts 2:38
D. Stirs up: 2 Timothy 1:6
E. Quenches: 1 Thessalonians 5:19
F. Has begetting power: Matthew 1:16; Romans 8:9
G. God's guarantee: Ephesians 1:13-14
H. Sheds the love of God: Romans 5:5
I. Must be renewed: 2 Corinthians 4:16.
Do not resist the Holy Spirit: Acts 7:51
Do not lie: Ananias and Sapphira: Acts 5:1ff
Be full in Spirit: Acts 6:3
Send by the Spirit: Acts 13:4
Walk in the Spirit: Galatians 5:16, 25
12. Experience of Holy Spirit abides in us: 1 Cor.
13. Fruits of the Spirit: Galatians 5:22
14. On Pentecost day, we glorify the Holy Trinity:
three ceremonial prayer services in the name of the
Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit -- sprinkling of
blessed water from three bowls.
15. Vine branches should stay with the main stem (John
15:1ff); Growth: Luke 2:52. Vine branches (Jews)
broken and united with the wild (Romans 11:23).
16. Israel was God's "degenerate" vine (Jeremiah
2:21); Jesus is the true vine, the source of all
17. Salvation is uniting with Christ: cf. Isaiah 42:3;
18. The father, like the vine dresser, removes what is
unfruitful and prunes (disciplines) fruitbearing lives
to make us even more Christlike in character and
witness which needs total and continued dependence on
19. When we keep His commandments, we abide in His
20. Jesus promised that the Holy Spirit would guide
His disciples to all truth.
21. The future of our Church depends upon our growing
generation. We have to train them in the faith and
discipline of the Church.
22. Jesus Christ offered the Samaritan woman the gift
of God (redemption) and living water (eternal life):
23. Exposed her sin by telling to call her husband.
24. Worship God wholeheartedly and sincerely.
25. From ignorance to prudence: Jew (4:9); Sir (4:11,
19); Prophet (4:19); Christ (4:29); Savior of the
26. The Other Helper: John 14:12, 16-17. It is the
spirit of truth. As the disciples waited (Acts 1:4)
and received Holy Spirit in A.D. 31, on the Day of
Pentecost, the New Testament Church was inaugurated
(Acts 2 cf. Matthew 28:20; John 14:18-19). The Holy
Spirit was manifested in the appearance of a dove Mark
1:9-10), fire and wind (Acts 2: 1-4), water (John
7:37-39), and oli (Matthew 25:1-13). We have to
subdue, stampout, put to death our carnal, natural,
fleshly mind (Colossians 3:5; Galatians 5:24) by
letting in the spiritual to flourish, increase and
grow (Philemon 25). The Holy Spirit begets us (Romans
8:15), gives us access to God (Ephesians 2:18),
increases the effectiveness of our prayers (Romans
8:26; Ephesians 6:18), gives us wisdom, knowledge and
understanding (Ephesians 1:17; Isaiah 11:2), imparts
to us power, love, and a sound mind (2 Timothy 1:7),
helps us to obey God's laws (Ezekiel 36:27), and fills
us with the fruits of righteousness (Galatians
ACTS 2:1-21; 10:34-48; 19:1-7
1. The celebration of the wheat harvest, 50 days after
the offering of the first fruits (Leveticus 23:10ff)
was the Day of Pentecost. This was later associated
with God's giving the Law on Sinai.
2. Wind (Ezekiel 37:9; John 3:8) and fire (Malachi
3:2-3; Luke 3:16) represent the spirit of God.
3. Jesu's life, cross, resurrection and the coming of
the Holy Spirit are the four pillars of Christ's
4. Every nation in the Roman world was able to
understand the languages.
5. At Babel different languages divided the world
(Genesis 11:1-9) and here spirit-filled disciples used
those languages to unite diverse languages under one
6. This is the fulfillment of Joel's prophecy: 2:2832.
7. The Gospel is offered to all; no partiality. Holy
Spirit came upon the Jewish believers (Acts 2:1-4), on
Samaritans (8:14-17); on Gentiles (10:44-45;
11:15-17), and on Christians in Ephesus (19:1-7).
8. Christians have to believe the Resurrection: Romans
9. Holy Spirit brings purity and power: Acts 1:8;
1. If our way of life is controlled by the Holy
Spirit, we will not be controlled by the desires of
the sinful nature: Romans 8:5-9.
2. The spirit enables to live by the law of love.
3. Living under the control of the flesh: "Unfruitful
works of darkness" (Ephesians 5:11).
4. The fruits of the spirit: Galatians 5:22-23. cf.
the gifts of the spirit: Isaiah 11:2-3.
1 CORINTHIANS 12:12-27; 14:20-33
1. The interdependence of the various parts of the
body illustrates the interdependence of all believers
with the varying spiritual gifts in the Church.
2. When love fills the human spirit, malice cannot
3. Our worship should result in the edification of the
4. Circumstances to speak in tongues: 14:27-28
(Speaking in Tongues: refer OUR CHURCH, chapter 15).
5. There shouldn't be any confusion.
NUMBERS 11:16-17; 24-26
1. Moses' dilemma and God's solution by the Spirit
empow-erment to share the burden with seventy.
1 SAMUEL 10:9-13
1. Samuel's signs confirmed God made some inner
changes to Saul, validating the external anointing
with oil by Samuel giving him skill, understanding and
EZEKIEL 11:17-20; 36:25-27
1. God would protect the exiles as their sanctuary and
they would become the remnant so that they become holy
with devotion, loyalty and faithfulness.
2. The cleansing of the spirit and the gift of the new
heart and new spirit enable the believer to love God
with an undivided love.
ISAIAH 42:1-4; 61:1-3
1. The Servant, Messiah, as the ideal Israel, who
brings justice, manifests the spirit of God. Messiah
will rule with compassion and justice.
2. The nation will be freed from, want and sin, in
fulfill-ment of the Exodus promise (Exodus 19:6; 1
1. Confusion of language at Babel (Gate of God): When
we try to elevate ourselves to His level, confusion
2 KINGS 2:14-17
1. Elisha took the mantle (representative of power and
personality) of Elijah and continued the prophetical
EZEKIEL 37:1-4; 47:1-12
1. The vision of the valley of dry bones and the river
flowing from the temple. The river increases its
volume and brings healing and prosperity to everything
it touches. Life-giving water (Genesis 2:10;
Revelation 22:1) cf. The parable of the mustard seed
2. Symbol of Holy Spirit: Water, dove, fire, wind,
oil: General character: Comfort, life, power
(strength), cleansing and sanctifying..
3. Water from the Arabian desert becomes river and
feeds animals and plants; Holy Spirit works like this.
4. Jesus also compared Holy Spirit with water: John
5. Water flow into wild desert, but not dried, and
help to grow: We should also bear fruit and help
others to bear fruits: Galatians 5:22-23.
1. God's promise to deliver, the promise of the Holy
Spirit: Acts 2:16.