By V.Rev.Thomas P.Mundukuzhy Cor Episcopa
(A Renowned Writer And Publisher. Author of many Christian Devotional Books. Sunday School Director of American Diocese, Malankara Orthodox Church.)

JOHN 4:10-24; 14:1-18; 15:1-14; 16:5FF

1. On the 7th Sunday after Easter, our Church celebrates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples: Jesus told His discipes: "I will not leave you orphans; I will come to you" (John 14:18); "I will pray the Father" to give you another Helper (John 14:16).

2. Originally this day was the day of Jewish Feast of the weeks Festival: 7 weeks after festival (7x7) .. Feast of Harvest (Exodus 23:16; Deuteronomy 16:9-10, 16). Grain was planted in the fall, harvested in the spring. Fifty days later, they celebrated the Feast of Harvest. An abundant harvest meant sufficient food. It was thus known as Feast of Weeks or Festival of First Fruits (like Onam). The Greek term PENTECOST literally means fiftieth day (from passover) which day they commemorated God's giving of the Ten Commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai (anniversary): Exodus 23:20-31; 24:7-8. It was one of the seven annual Holy Days: Exodus 23:16; 34:22; Leveticus 23:9-22; Numbers 28:26; Deuteronomy 16:10, 16.

3. After the Ascension, per Jesus (Acts 1:4-5), the Virgin Mary and all the Apostles assembled in Jerusalem and were locked in the upper room together in fear of Jews. Suddenly, a mighty wind arose. The entire structure shook and it was filled with the presence of the Holy Spirit. There appeared tongues of flame which came down on each of the Apostles. They were filled with the Holy Spirit and almost immediately began to glorify God and to speak of Christ in foreign languages (Acts 2:1ff). Christ's promise to them to send the gifts of the Holy Spirit from God was thus fulfilled. When breathed (John 20:22) the Apostles received the Holy Spirit, but fulfilled at Pentecost - like pouring Mooron (Holy Oil) in the baptism water and then anointing all over the body.

4. Holy Spirit came down upon the faithfuls also...3000 souls became Christians on this day.

5. For us, Pentecost is the anniversary of the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles. With this new covenant, the sparking of the Holy Spirit we receive at baptism shall revitalize on Pentecost.

6. Pentecost reminds us that God is working in us, remolding and reshaping our character. The message of Pentecost is that we are the firstfruits of God's creation. The power of God's Holy Spirit shall work in all of us at all times.

7. Through the Spirit, we become "partakers of the divine nature" (2 Peter 1:4). We are empowered with spirituality ( Romans 8:8-9).

8. Here is the fulfilment of Joel 2:28 cf. Genesis 6:3.

9. Holy Spirit reveals sin, justice and judgment; guides us to walk in truth (John 16:13). The Church shall also do the same.
A. Conscious of our sins: For renewing and revitalizing the Holy Spirit in us, we have to be conscious of our sins (John 16:8): the conversion takes place: Acts 2:38.
B. Pray: Luke 11:28. Hunger and thirst for righteousness. cf. Romans 8:26.
C. Obedience: Acts 5:2. Love our God - the most important commandment. With this new commandment, we became the new Israel. We have to inscribe this commandment in our hearts. If we love our brothers and sisters, we love God: Love as He loves us (John 15:12). So love each other contineously so that Holy Spirit will be with us all the time. We have to crucify ourselves ( Galatians 5: 24; Luke 9:23).

10. Holy Spirit helps to interpret the teachings of Jesus. All of them understood each other. Do we understand each other; husband and wife; parents and children?.

11. Holy Spirit:
A. Full of power: Zechariah 4:6; Micah 3:8
B. Spirit of wisdom and understanding: Isaiah 11:2
C. Gift of God: Acts 2:38
D. Stirs up: 2 Timothy 1:6
E. Quenches: 1 Thessalonians 5:19
F. Has begetting power: Matthew 1:16; Romans 8:9
G. God's guarantee: Ephesians 1:13-14
H. Sheds the love of God: Romans 5:5
I. Must be renewed: 2 Corinthians 4:16.

Do not resist the Holy Spirit: Acts 7:51
Do not lie: Ananias and Sapphira: Acts 5:1ff
Be full in Spirit: Acts 6:3
Send by the Spirit: Acts 13:4
Walk in the Spirit: Galatians 5:16, 25

12. Experience of Holy Spirit abides in us: 1 Cor. 12:31-13:18

13. Fruits of the Spirit: Galatians 5:22

14. On Pentecost day, we glorify the Holy Trinity: three ceremonial prayer services in the name of the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit -- sprinkling of blessed water from three bowls.

15. Vine branches should stay with the main stem (John 15:1ff); Growth: Luke 2:52. Vine branches (Jews) broken and united with the wild (Romans 11:23).

16. Israel was God's "degenerate" vine (Jeremiah 2:21); Jesus is the true vine, the source of all spiritual life.

17. Salvation is uniting with Christ: cf. Isaiah 42:3; Matthew 12:19.

18. The father, like the vine dresser, removes what is unfruitful and prunes (disciplines) fruitbearing lives to make us even more Christlike in character and witness which needs total and continued dependence on Christ.

19. When we keep His commandments, we abide in His love.

20. Jesus promised that the Holy Spirit would guide His disciples to all truth.

21. The future of our Church depends upon our growing generation. We have to train them in the faith and discipline of the Church.

22. Jesus Christ offered the Samaritan woman the gift of God (redemption) and living water (eternal life): John 4:10-24.

23. Exposed her sin by telling to call her husband.

24. Worship God wholeheartedly and sincerely.

25. From ignorance to prudence: Jew (4:9); Sir (4:11, 19); Prophet (4:19); Christ (4:29); Savior of the world (4:42).


26. The Other Helper: John 14:12, 16-17. It is the spirit of truth. As the disciples waited (Acts 1:4) and received Holy Spirit in A.D. 31, on the Day of Pentecost, the New Testament Church was inaugurated (Acts 2 cf. Matthew 28:20; John 14:18-19). The Holy Spirit was manifested in the appearance of a dove Mark 1:9-10), fire and wind (Acts 2: 1-4), water (John 7:37-39), and oli (Matthew 25:1-13). We have to subdue, stampout, put to death our carnal, natural, fleshly mind (Colossians 3:5; Galatians 5:24) by letting in the spiritual to flourish, increase and grow (Philemon 25). The Holy Spirit begets us (Romans 8:15), gives us access to God (Ephesians 2:18), increases the effectiveness of our prayers (Romans 8:26; Ephesians 6:18), gives us wisdom, knowledge and understanding (Ephesians 1:17; Isaiah 11:2), imparts to us power, love, and a sound mind (2 Timothy 1:7), helps us to obey God's laws (Ezekiel 36:27), and fills us with the fruits of righteousness (Galatians 5:22-23).

ACTS 2:1-21; 10:34-48; 19:1-7
1. The celebration of the wheat harvest, 50 days after the offering of the first fruits (Leveticus 23:10ff) was the Day of Pentecost. This was later associated with God's giving the Law on Sinai.

2. Wind (Ezekiel 37:9; John 3:8) and fire (Malachi 3:2-3; Luke 3:16) represent the spirit of God.

3. Jesu's life, cross, resurrection and the coming of the Holy Spirit are the four pillars of Christ's Gospel.

4. Every nation in the Roman world was able to understand the languages.

5. At Babel different languages divided the world (Genesis 11:1-9) and here spirit-filled disciples used those languages to unite diverse languages under one God.

6. This is the fulfillment of Joel's prophecy: 2:2832.

7. The Gospel is offered to all; no partiality. Holy Spirit came upon the Jewish believers (Acts 2:1-4), on Samaritans (8:14-17); on Gentiles (10:44-45; 11:15-17), and on Christians in Ephesus (19:1-7).

8. Christians have to believe the Resurrection: Romans 10:9

9. Holy Spirit brings purity and power: Acts 1:8; Romans 8:9.

1. If our way of life is controlled by the Holy Spirit, we will not be controlled by the desires of the sinful nature: Romans 8:5-9.

2. The spirit enables to live by the law of love.

3. Living under the control of the flesh: "Unfruitful works of darkness" (Ephesians 5:11).

4. The fruits of the spirit: Galatians 5:22-23. cf. the gifts of the spirit: Isaiah 11:2-3.

1 CORINTHIANS 12:12-27; 14:20-33
1. The interdependence of the various parts of the body illustrates the interdependence of all believers with the varying spiritual gifts in the Church.

2. When love fills the human spirit, malice cannot flourish.

3. Our worship should result in the edification of the Church.

4. Circumstances to speak in tongues: 14:27-28 (Speaking in Tongues: refer OUR CHURCH, chapter 15).

5. There shouldn't be any confusion.

NUMBERS 11:16-17; 24-26

1. Moses' dilemma and God's solution by the Spirit empow-erment to share the burden with seventy.

1 SAMUEL 10:9-13
1. Samuel's signs confirmed God made some inner changes to Saul, validating the external anointing with oil by Samuel giving him skill, understanding and power.

EZEKIEL 11:17-20; 36:25-27
1. God would protect the exiles as their sanctuary and they would become the remnant so that they become holy with devotion, loyalty and faithfulness.

2. The cleansing of the spirit and the gift of the new heart and new spirit enable the believer to love God with an undivided love.

ISAIAH 42:1-4; 61:1-3
1. The Servant, Messiah, as the ideal Israel, who brings justice, manifests the spirit of God. Messiah will rule with compassion and justice.

2. The nation will be freed from, want and sin, in fulfill-ment of the Exodus promise (Exodus 19:6; 1 Peter 2:5).

GENESIS 11:1-9
1. Confusion of language at Babel (Gate of God): When we try to elevate ourselves to His level, confusion occurs.

2 KINGS 2:14-17
1. Elisha took the mantle (representative of power and personality) of Elijah and continued the prophetical work.

EZEKIEL 37:1-4; 47:1-12
1. The vision of the valley of dry bones and the river flowing from the temple. The river increases its volume and brings healing and prosperity to everything it touches. Life-giving water (Genesis 2:10; Revelation 22:1) cf. The parable of the mustard seed (Matthew 13:31-32).

2. Symbol of Holy Spirit: Water, dove, fire, wind, oil: General character: Comfort, life, power (strength), cleansing and sanctifying..

3. Water from the Arabian desert becomes river and feeds animals and plants; Holy Spirit works like this.

4. Jesus also compared Holy Spirit with water: John 7:37-39

5. Water flow into wild desert, but not dried, and help to grow: We should also bear fruit and help others to bear fruits: Galatians 5:22-23.

JOEL 2:25-32
1. God's promise to deliver, the promise of the Holy Spirit: Acts 2:16.

MATTHEW 19:23-30

1. If the rich man turns to God and surrenders to God, he will find salvation is possible and greatly rewarding.

2. These rewards are not on human merits, but of God's graciousness.

MATTHEW 9:36-10:16
1. Jesus came to be our shepherd. He was moved with compassion when saw the multitude wandering in sin like lost sheep.

2. There is a big need to pray and work as there are many to respond to the Gospel.

3. Jesus gave the authority to His 12 disciples to continue His ministry.

4. First, Apostles were sent to the House of Israel; but after resurrection to all the nations (28:19).

5. They are to be provided by the congregation.

6. Only those who accept receive blessings cf. Sodom and Gomorrah: Genesis 19:23-24.

LUKE 22:24-30
1. Even the disciples disputed for authority. Three years with Jesus Christ did not purify them from self-seeking. They are also humans.

2. Jesus washed their feet (John 13:3-17) to teach them a lesson.

3. Not power and authority, but those who function as servants are important.

4. They are promised honor and glory at Christ's return.

ACTS 3:1-20
1. Peter's witness to the crowds in Jerusalem during the healing of the lame man.

2. Peter and John went to the temple for prayer.

3. Peter got the man's undivided attention ("Look at us") cf. Mark 10:51.

4. The early Church never lacked spiritual power.

5. The cured man praised the Lord immediately.

6. The people were amazed seeing God's power.

7. Jesus: the Just (v.14), Prince of Life, Christ, Prophet and Servant.

8. Need for repentance.

1 CORINTHIANS 12:28-13:10
1. The interdependences of the body compared to believers.

2. Gifts are given to all believers.

3. Love, the fruit of the spirit (Galatians 5:22-23) is freely available to all Christians and all should practice it. It lasts for ever.

GENESIS 12:1-9
1. While departing from Hur, Abraham had to renounce his country, his family, and his father's house. He was promised to become a great nation of numerous descendants.

2. We have to channel our blessings to others.

3. Abraham's obedience brought blessings to many.

4. Abraham's first deed of blessing was to build an altar.

5. God called Israel and set her back (Zechariah 8:13) to become God's servant (Isaiah 2:3; 43:10-13; 52:9-10).

1. Two ways of Life:

(A) The life-style of the righteous (vv.1-3)
(B) The life-style of the wicked (vv. 4-5)
The Lord cares for the righteous.

ISAIAH 43:1-7
1. God has not given up His people, but redeemed them.

2. God assures that He is with us so that we shall not be afraid of.

JOHN 6:26-35

1. Seek for the eternal (John 6:27). Multitude followed after 5000 were fed; followed for secular and worldly satisfaction. Jesus discouraged it. Look for food which endures spiritual nourishment (Christ), instead of material sustenance. Greed leads to destruction. Not go after the worldly things, but that of eternity. People look for signs (1 Samuel 10:7; Luke 1:18). Miracles are not the important criteria. We have to seek His kingdom.

2. Have full faith: Believe in Christ (6:29). God wants us to believe in Jesus. Miracles help to believe. Faith after seeing miracle is temporary. Believe even without seeing miracles.

3. Jesus is the bread of life (6:35). As bread takes care of our weaknesses and deficiencies, Jesus gives us renewed strength and energy. Jesus invites us to go to Him for comfort, relief and rest (Matthew 11:28). The true bread gives eternal life. The life on high for evermore: Psalm 92:8. Jesus gives for the life of the world: John 6:51.

4. The seven "I am's" in the 4th Gospel.

5. The word of life (John 1:1f)cf. In the beginning was word; and the word was with God; and the word was God (In the beginning was prayer meeting; the prayer meeting was with dinner; and the dinner was the prayer meeting). Everybody was created with that word (Genesis 1:1-3; John 1:1-3; cf. Matthew 4:4; John 6:68). The Word of Life and the Bread of life are needed to reach the goal. cf. Incarnated Word and Spoken Word.

6. Bread of heaven: Psalm 105:40.The people asked, and He brought quail and satisfied with the bread of heaven (Exodus 16:12f). Manna gave only temporary physical strength. The grinding and baking of grain to make bread pervaded life.

7. Bread of affliction: Deuteronomy 16:3: Unleavened bread -- came out from Egypt in haste.

8. God, not Moses, gave manna to the Israelites.

MATTHEW 11:20-30
1. God would judge the unrepented more severely than those who had not the opportunity to hear Him.

2. God does not reveal the truth about salvation to the worldly wise because they think they can find God in their own.

3. Like children (18:1-15), we have to accept the truth with trust..

4. Jesus came to judge the world (John 9:39)... judgment in this world and at the end of the world. Alchoholism, dru addictions, immoral life, dishonesty, violence, gluttony all bring destructive and dangerous results. Loosing fellowship with God results in greatest punishment and judgment. "If anyone defiles the temple of God, God will destroy him" (1 Corinthians 3:17). Judah participated in the Last Supper but later betrayed Jesus, his master. "Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment" (John 7:24). Judge righteously. "Judge not, that you not be judged" (Matthew 7:1). (Reasons for denying visa: LR, LP, TP, SL): Do not jump into conclusions without factual basis. Only God can judge: 1 Corinthians 4:5.

5. Invitation to rest: "Come to me, all you who labor and are heavily laden, and I will give you rest" (11:28: The sweetest verse in the Bible). We are all toiling and working all the time. We need rest. Jesus invites us all with burden to come for rest "from the guilt of sin by justification and from the power of sin by sanctification. Christ is the creator, healer and the feeder. Sinners need Him. He pardons and frees. He comforts in sorrows. "Earth has no sorrow that heaven cannot heal. He clears doubts and disbeliefs (St. Thomas and St. Peter). We have to go to Him. The Samaritan woman did... the greatest invitation.

LUKE 8:4-15
1. This parable explains why some people do not hear. Here is a lesson on rightly hearing the word of God.

2. Many people do not benefit from the Gospel message because they allow the devil to take it from their hearts or they choose an easier life-style or they allow the cares of this life to sidetrack them.

3. When the Gospel is received, it produces an abundantly enriched life (John 10:10).

ACTS 17:10-15
1. Paul and Silas left Thessalonica for Berea and Athens to continue their mission work.

2 CORINTHIANS 5:14-6:10
1. Christ's love for us motivated St. Paul to proclaim the transforming and reconciling work of Christ (1 John 4:19). By Christ's death, He made it possible for all to die to our selfish way of life. By faith we have to accept this death to self and please Him who died and rose again.

2. We should not judge according our own self-interest or to outward appearances.

3. In Christ, we are a new creation. Changes seen in a restaurant under a new management: Good service, clean table, neat waitresses, good food. So also when Christ in us, big changes.

No more sin. Weep over sin and cry out for forgiveness.
Loves the Gospel, the good message.
See others saved: Like saving someone from a burning building.
Attitude toward others: Love them. By that others know that we are His disciples: No hatred toward others (Giving property to build a church with condition not to allow anyone to use it who he hates). Remember that when we die, we leave all our wealth.
Giving is more blessed than receiving.
Ask ourselves: "Show me myself; Lord, show me myself."
Pray: "Lord, show me Thyself."

4. We are Christ's ambassadors.

5. We shall continually reaffirm our faith.

6. The righteousness of God shall become a reality in our lives.

7. We should not loose the grace we have received : Isaiah 55:6-7.

8. We should not do anything detrimental to our ministry.

9. We have to serve others and endure self-imposed disciplines to devote more time to ministry.

10. We have to keep up the moral character: purity, kindness and love.

11. Whatever we do shall be pleasing to God, not the world.

GENESIS 41:38-40
1. Joseph's supernatural ability revealed by interpreting Pharoah's dreams and was appointed Governor of Egypt.

EXODUS 12:31-40
1. The story of the last plague and the start of the Exodus.

2. Pharaoh recognised the supernatural power of Moses.

JOSHUA 5:9-12
1. The reproach that God had rolled away (Gilgal: To roll) from His people.

2. In remembrance of the Exodus and as a symbol of Israel's deliverence from bondage and death (Exodus 12:11-17; Leveticus 23), the observation of the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Passover.

JEREMIAH 29:10-16
1. Will be blessed by prayers answered, finding God, a unified heart, release from captivity and a new settlement in the Promised Land.

2. David's descendants would not rule Judah.

MATTHEW 10:5-16

1. Sent among the lost (John 7:49). We have to go after the Lost: Lost Sheep, Lost Coin, Prodigal Son.Their ignorance and Jesus' concern for them: "How much do you love me ? "This much": The game we play with children by hand signals and finally asking: "Do you love Jesus this much?": Ephesians 2:4-7; John 3:16.

2. Early ministry among the Israelites: They are the Lost Sheep. Need to organize one's own family, parish, church, etc. Clean the household.

3. Only after resurrection, Jesus commanded to go to all the world with His mission (Matthew 28:20).

4. Not only preaching, but action. Do good things: healing, helping, caring, etc., are parts of the ministry. Tend the Lost and preach the Gospel: Missions of the Church: Preach good tidings to the poor; heal the broken hearted; free the captives (Matthew 10:7 cf. Isaiah 61:1f).

5. God provides the workers; depend on God. We shall be filled with the peace of God to pass on to others. Attitude is more important than aptiude and altitude.

6. Lead simple life: Have simple living and high thinking: God gives the reward.

7. Missionaries should have discipline: Wandering house to house without any aim doesn't bear fruits; only it is harmful. Need knowledge (study and meditation) and holy life.

8. The ministers shall be supported, but they should not be greedy. Sodom and Gomorrah: (Genesis 19:23-24). Freely received GRACE (John 1:16) to be shared with others.

9. Deal with the "wolves" intelligently and sincerely to win them. Wise as serpents (2 Corinthians 12:16; Ephesians 5:15; Colossians 4:5).Harmless as doves:(Philip. 2:14-16).

LUKE 6:13-23
1. We have to trust in a loving Father, not in amassed wealth.
2. In Jewish religion, the oldest son gets a double portion of the wealth to support his mother and sisters, if any.
3. We have to have the right attitude toward wealth: Wealth is not just for hoarding; wealth is not just for one's own personal use and pleasure; wealth alone cannot satisfy one's lasting needs (Matthew 6:33); anxiety or worry only add to more problems.

MARK 3:7-19
1. Jesus' popularity increases; people from many places followed Him.
2. Jesus chose His 12 disciples and summoned them onto a mountain, often a place of divine revelation.


3. The disciples, the extension of His ministry (1:16-17, 38-39) were sent out (6:17-18) to preach, teach, heal, and to cast out demons.
4. Sons of Thunder: James and John: their conduct (9:38; 10:35-41).; name shows the character.

ACTS 4:23-31
1. They prayed to God so that they could witness: come together and pray.
2. The victory of God's chosen king (David) gave them the courage (Psalm 2:1-2).
3. Faith in God's control of events: Our trust shall be in Jesus.
4. We should have the courage to face the challenge (John 20:19)
5. Prayers answered with the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.

1. If Christ is not within us, it is a sad state.
2. Christ reconciles us with anybody: Then we will have glorious experiences.
3. The Church is God's temple; we are part of that building, which is built on the foundation of the word of God by the Apostles and Prophets. Christ is the chief cornerstone (1 Peter 2:4-8).
4. The Church finds its unity in Christ.
5. The Church is not yet complete: members are being added to it.
6. God is spirit: He is present everywhere.

1. We should be holy as God is holy ( 1 Peter 1:15-16): Our relationships with parents, children, women, aged, poor, strangers and our worship.
2. Follow the commandments: our duties to God as well as to people.
3. We have to do our duties and services willingly and freely.

2 SAMUEL 5:1-10
1. David became king of all Israel (1 Chronicles 3:4; 11:-3; 29:26-27) at the age of 30 and reigned altogether for 40 years.
2. Jerusalem became the capital: 1 Chronicle 11:4-9; 14:1-7
3. Abner and Ishbosheth died.
4. The Jebusites: Boasting doesn't mean anything.
5. Zion, the hill, where the Jebusites had there fortification was first mentioned here.
6. God should be with us in all our endeavors.

DANIEL 6:25-28
1. God delivers Daniel from the lions.
2. King Darius declared his faith that He is the living God (cf. 4:1-3).
3. Daniel was blessed and prospered.

JOHN 6:35-46

1. Changed their attention from physical to spiritual. Those who go to Him will not be cast out (v.37) and those who believe in Him will have everlasting life (v.39). They get satisfaction (v.35)..never hunger or thirst.

2. MANNA: Bread from heaven (Nehemiah 9:15). ÿHoped manna at the arrival of Messiah (2 Baruch 29:8). Manna was the image of Messiah.

3. Jesus is the bread of life: The first of seven "I am's" (John 6:35, 48; 8:12; 10:9; 10:11; 11:25; 14:6; 15:1). Adam and Eve couldn't enjoy the fruits of the tree of life. It was Jesus Christ: He is the bread of life. Jesus came from heaven as Manna also came from heaven. Temptation when hungry: Jesus - Matthew 4:3; Rich man: Luke 16:24-25. Avoid weakness: James 1:14. Food gives life to the body; love gives life to the soul. God fills us with love through Holy Spirit. When we love others, we depart from death and enter into life (1 John 3:14): Doing His will (the food of Jesus) is the road (John 4:34). Work hard for the bread for survival; earn bread of life.

4. Jesus satisfies every one who comes to Him sincerely and earnestly (The sweetest verse in the Bible: Matthew 11:28: "Come to me all who labor and heavy loaden, I will give you rest.") Need complete surrender and dedication: Live in goodness, humility, sinceriety and holiness. Never forsake (6:37). Promised paradise to the thief on the cross: Ezekiel 18:21-24. Those who go to Him will not get hungry or thirsty. What an exciting experience?

5. Every one who believes in Him will have everlasting life. When we listen to the words of Jesus, spiritual hunger and thirst; when we receive the body and blood of Jesus Christ, quenches the hunger and thirst. (Luke 24:30-32). Those who received absolution and forgiveness, if they go back to sin again, difficult to conversion... reached to the point of diminishing returns.

6. The Jews protested about Jesus' claims. Jesus was not welcomed among them because of jealous and enmity.

7. Jesus quoted Isaiah 54:13 to prove that all can achieve salvation. God teaches goodness and righteousness. We can receive or reject.

8. We can see God through seeing and experiencing Jesus Christ. Those who are attracted to God shall go to Jesus. He never forsake us. Father waited for lost son. He(She) who looks at Him and believes Him has eternal life. People looked at the brass serpent Moses raised and were escaped. We have to go to God to be quench our hunger and thirst.

MARK 6:4-13
1. The rejection by His own people: Jesus was rejected by the leaders of the nation earlier (3:1-6); here by His own people.
2. God could not do much among unbelievers.
3. Sent the disciples two by two.

LUKE 9:1-11
1. Jesus's ministry continued through the training of the twelve. He gave them the power and the authority. They reported back to Jesus (v.10).
2. Christ helps us to fulfill our responsibilities and we are obliged to be accountable.
3. We shall depend upon Him in doing our duties.
4. We shall not be pleasure seekers.
5. We may be face with rejections.
6. The perplexed Herod sought to see Jesus.
7. The multitude followed Jesus where ever He went.

ACTS 13:26-39
1. St. Paul's preaching in Cyprus.
2. Jesus' ministry, condemnation, resurrection and forgiveness.

1. St. Paul wrote the letter by himself.
2. There is an interpersonal relationships between Christians.
3. Those who are advocating certain parts of the law and not keeping up with the other parts are hypocrites.
4. We have to boast only Christ and His cross and nothing else.
5. We are new creations with Christ.
6. Paul suffered due to his total commitment (marks); we have too.
7. Blessed benediction.

GENESIS 42:18-25
1. Joseph's encounter with his brothers who sold him.
2. A guilty conscience even after many years of their dealings.
3. Joseph, hearing the story of Reuben, turned away and wept.

1. God calls Jerusalem to repent.
2. God is ready to receive a repentant (Deuteronomy 24:1-4).
3. The adulterous Israel can reconcile with God.

DANIEL 3:21-30
1. The faith Daniel's friends is tested and vindicated.
2. The king saw four men in the fire instead of three -- the fourth one "like the Son of God."
3. Nebuchadnessar's faith in God and the decree.


Sonona Smart Dodd in Spokane, Washington wanted to show her love and admiration toward her dad by honoring him who raised her and her five brothers after their mother died. A Mother's Day sermon she listened in 1909 instigated her to do so. Thus Spokane observed the first Father's Day in June, 1910, the month of William Smart's birthday with the help of the community and the governor. The third Sunday of June was declared Father's Day by the Mayor of Spokane and in 1956 the Congress recognized the date and observation and a permanent national celebration day was proclaimed by president Nixon in 1972, 58 years after Mother's Day was declared 1n 1914. Like Christmas, Easter, Mother's Day, now Father's Day has been observing all over the country.

1. Honor your Father and your mother: Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16 (one of the ten commandments) cf. Deuteronomy 8:1-9
2. My son, hear the instruction of your father, and do not forsake the law of your mother: Proverbs 1:8
3. Receive father's words and treasure his commandments: Proverbs 2:1
4. Pay attention to father's words (Proverbs 4:20) and wisdom (5:1)
5. Humble before a friend: Proverbs 6:3
6. Make parents glad: Proverbs 10:1
7. Listen, observe, and follow the footsteps of father: Proverbs 23:6
8. Fear the Lord: Proverbs 24:21
9. Be wise: Proverbs 27:1.

If parents are concerned about the children's eating habits, the enamel of thier teeth, etc., they should also be concerned about their moral and spiritual welfare. Children should not grow up in a spiritual vaccum. Joseph's parents taught their children to love God and value charity from childhood. Jesus gave us a moral foundation. He put meaning and purpose into our lives. He fills our life with His presence. Parents should play with them and pray with them and eat with them. "I'd rather have Jesus than silver and gold I'd rather be His than riches untold." Being a father is life's greatest privileges and responsib-ilities. Inch by inch a child's personality is formed by the closeness it has with its family. Share the pain, hurt, and rejections. Share joys and sorrows, failures and successes, hopes and dreams.

Father of All Nations:
(1) Praised children and especially spouse: "Beautiful" Genesis 12:11
(2) Found a suitable match for his son (not from other tribe, but from his own): Genesis 24:3-4
(3) No dowry question: He was rich in many ways.
Early Fathers blessed their sons:
(1) Issac: Esau and Jacob: Genesis 27: 1ff
(2) Jacob: Genesis 49: 1ff
(3) Moses: Deuteronomy 33: 1ff
A. Blessed promise to all of God's people
B. Underneath are the everlasting arms: Deut 33:27.

1. Compliment where ever and when ever possible
2. Say "Thank you" and "please" a lot
3. Make friends, but keep secrets
4. Learn the trade and admit mistakes
5. Be brave and learn to listen
6. Do charity works and pray for wisdom and courage

7. Read the Holy Bible cover to cover
8. Never deprive someone and never take action when angry
9. Loose a battle, but win a war
10. Don't gossip
11. Don't expect life to be fair
12. Substitute "problem" with "opportunity"
13. Do not walk on a quarrel with the spouse
14. Do not procastinate
15. Get priorities straight
16. Don't be afraid to say "I don't know" or "I am sorry"
17. Make a list of things you want to achieve in your life and follow through. Have parental love and support, give children freedom to choose, build sel-respect, be model to them and have open communication. Do not expect more than they can, don't be too authoritative, give utmost concern for priorities, do not be a hypocrite, and do not misuse or abuse parental authority.

1. Right leadership: Bring the children to the Lord (Ephesians 6:4). Display compassion, courage, godly understanding, firmness, maturity, and loving leadership. Be a coach, not a judge,
2. Good provider: He gives all good things (James 1:17): Support, love, emotionally and spiritually.
3. Guidance: Train them the right way to live (Proverbs 22:6; Deuteronomy 6:7): Moral matters, discipline. Father should be around the children to support them (Psalms 128:1-4)
4. Consistent: The same yesterday, today and for ever (Hebrews 13:8): Value of God's way; character; peaceful (1 Corinthians 14:33). God is our model. Keep the faith and be strong: 1 Corinthians 16:13-14 Abshalom fought with his father: 2 Samuel 12:1ff David loved Abshalom, his son, so much. But Abshalom murdered Abnon ( 2 Samuel 13:28-28). David regained Abshalom's affection ... Abshalom's plot against David ( 2 samuel 15:1-6). David still loved him (2 Samuel 18:5) Father's love and affection toward their children.

DADS ARE GREAT: May not be a world leader, a famous doctor or a war hero or a sports hero or business tycoon.. but a father is the greatest person in the eyes of his children... He pays his bills, goes to church with them on Sundays, helps the kids to learn and to shop around. Like mother, he is all in all in the family. Respect him and give him credit as he is a great success as a husband, a father, and a friend. If a MOTHER is a CEO, vicepresident, treasurer, secretary, bookeeper, quality control manager, event coordinator, creative director, productive analyst, humanitarian, trainer, or the communications manager, FATHER is the supervisor of all of these and much more.

(1) Cologne:About 3,500 gallons are sold every year in connection with Father's day making it the the second largst cologne-purchasing holiday after Christmas.
(2) Ties: About 10 million ties sold, again second after Christmas
(3) Roses: About two million every year. Flower gift-givings have been increasing 30% every year.
(4) Telephone calls: About 100 million (115 million on Mother's Day) making it third after Mother's Day and Christmas.
(5) Greting cards and gift packages: 130 million cards and 75 million packages, again third after Christmas and Mother's Day.
(6) Pants and small gift items: Wrinkle-free pants and small gifts are also popular items.
(7) Tools and Game items: Restock stool sheds with power equipments or present with golf/tennis items ... anything according to the need and taste of fathers.

Beginning of the Apostle's Fast
LUKE 10:1-16

1. The mission spread ... more ministers in the field.

2. Selected 70 (72) evangelists. Twelve Apostles represent 12 tribes (12 bells on the censer chain) and 70 elders (Numbers 11:24) represent 70 evangelists (70 sections on the censer chain) ... like Sanhedrim... (12 springs/70 palm olives: Exodus 15:27). These 70 from Noah's family: 14 from Yapeth; 30 from Ham and 26 from Shem totalling 70 (Genesis 10:1-32). Need to preach the Gospel to each one - in order to lengthen the cords and strengthen the stakes (Isaiah 54:2). 70 were selected to continue His teachings like the twelve Apostles and later seven deacons in Acts 6:1-7.

3. Sent by two: Help to share and bear: Two heads are better than one.

4. Sent out not to sow the seeds, but to reap. Their mission: 9:1-6; 10:2-11: To heal the sick and to preach the Good news. Everybody should have exhortation and counselling (Hebrews 3:13). Give courage those who are frightened, make busy those who are lazy, comfort the sorrowful (1 Thessalonians 5:14-22).

5. Jesus' tender heart: Too much to do; but few to work. To ask the Master to send laborers (Matthew 9:37-38) to save those without shepherds. .. to spread the kingdom of God ... to bear witness to the truth (John 18:37); to be witnesses of whom God raised from the dead (Acts 3:15); to be witnesses of all things Jesus did (Acts 10:38); to prepare the hearts; to reap thirty, sixty, hundred times of harvest. The harvest is great; but the laborers are few: We have a very wide mission field... work and pray. Have concern.

6. Apostles followed; how about we? When God calls, need to rspond. Where there is no revelation, destruction is at hand (Proverbs 29:18).

7. Seek the guidance of the Holy Spirit: Galatians 1:16-17.

8. "Here I am": Isaiah 6:8

9. The field: Like lambs in the midst of the wolves: Expect protests, troubles, tribulations, deaths. Continue with sinceriety and faith. If we are with Christ, satan will be defeated.
10. Evangelists should be careful: snake's intelligence and dove's meekness.

11. Evangelists shall be provided.

12. Extend peace to the household and to every one. Wishing peace is very important. Receive the message of conversion with humility. Pride goes before fall (10:15). Meditate the laws of God day and night: Psalm 1:2.

13. Those who don't listen shall be punished. Jesus cursed Chorazin, Bethsaida and Caparnaum because they did not listen to Jesus to bear fruits.

14. Acceptance and refusal of mission workers like accepting or neglecting Jesus Christ.

1. Like the early fathers (Genesis 27:1-4; 49:1-27), Moses blesses his sons.
2. The blessed promise to all of God's people (33:27): the everlasting arms.
1. An excellent description of the life of entire satisfaction
2. The question in verse 1 is answered in verses 2-5
3. The communion and fellowship with God (v. 1)
4. Uprightly:Wholehearted; complete; perfect; blameless
5. Righteousness: Right actions and relationships
6. Speak the truth: Correspondence with reality These three elements are needed for rightful ritual.
7. What is done and what is not done are reckoned.
8. Troubles or problems will not change the sheltering presence: Psalm 91:1-2.

ISAIAH 65:8-12
1. Believing people will be blessed; they will have a glorious hope.
2. God calls us constantly; we have to obey.
ACTS 6:1-7
1. Seven deacons were chosen from among the Greek speaking to meet the need.
2. The need of deacons for the growth of the Church.
3. Apostles took the first step.
4. Alleged discrimination on the basis of language and culture.
5. All the believers were called for the selection.
6. Selected qualified candidates ... men of good reputation, full of Holy Spirit and wisdom.

7. Congregation selected and brought to the Apostles
8. Church leaders shall give full time to prayer, preaching and teaching.
9. Ordination by prayer and laying on of hands.
10. The gospel spread all over: big crowd and many workers.

1. St. Paul's concluding exhortations and greetings.
2. Stand fast, be strong, and have love.
3. Respect those who serve in the Church through their ministeries.
4. The Church spread all over Asia: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos (Revelation 1:11), Colosse, Laodicea, Hierapolis (Colossians 4:13, 16.)
5. Aquila and Priscilla, St. Paul's companion workers in Ephesus (Acts 18:1-3; Romans 16:3-4).
6. Personal touch for authenticity.
7. Though the Corinthian Church had several problems, St. Paul sent his love to them.

MATTHEW 14:14-23
1. Feeding of the Five Thousand: the only miracle in all four Gospels: Mark 6:12-44; Luke 9:10-17; John 6:1-15. Jesus had compassion: 15:32; 20:34; 9:36.
2. Jesus multiplied the only rsources: five loaves and two fish.
3. The disciples experienced more about Jesus
4. Tell Christ what we have (v. 17)
5. Listen to what He says (v.18)
6. Obey what He commands: (v. 19)
7. Rejoice in what He does through us: vv.20-21
8. They collected the left over: no waste
9. 5000 men besides women and children: the family unity

LUKE 9:10-17

1. Feeding of 5000 in all four Gospels.

2. The disciples returned and reported: Give report of the work.

3. Jesus took them for a retreat ... for some rest.

4. Many came to see Jesus: All kinds of people: drug addicts, alcoholics, publicans, sick and sinners.

5. Not irritated; but received and blessed. God never forsakes, even parents do: Psalm 27:10 God never forsakes, even a woman forgets her child: Isaiah 49:15. A friend loves at all times: Proverbs 17:17 Never cast out: John 6:37.

6. Disciples told to disperse: Walking away from problems; avoiding the situation.

7. The disciples alone couldn't meet the needs of the crowd; they needed help from the Master.

8. Jesus told them to give and feed: the responsibility of the Church: Give good news, food and heal. Food is important: Physical (humanitarian works) and spiritual (Gospel preaching).

9. Christ's concern for the needy and the disciples were held responsible to take care. When obeyed, they became instruments of Jesus' power.
10. Christ's concern for the needy and the disciples were held responsible to take care. When obeyed, they became instruments of Jesus' power.

11. Brought what ever they found (from a little boy: John 6:9). Though simple, God wants us to use what we have and what we are willing to do. Bring what ever we have to the Lord, He will bless and increase.

12. Plenty in the desert: If Jesus is with us, we can solve all our problems. Thirsting to drink is a desert experience: Psalm 63:1. If God is not with us, our life is like in a desert: Isaiah 40:3. Through God's intervention, troubles in the desert are gone: multiplied.

13. Converted the desert into a grassy field. At the end of our lives, the Shepherd directs us to grassy and watery place (Psalm 23). We have to go to God for this experience.

14. Jesus blessed, broke and gave as in the Holy Qurbana: Fellowship. Bring what ever we have to the Lord. He will bless and increase.

15. We should see the needs of others.

16. Sat down in group of fifty's: Obedient group; orderly arrangement.

17. Receive with a smile and welcome with few happy words.

18. Israelites were fed with Manna in the desert; the multitude was fed with spiritual food.

19. Gathered the left over: Don't waste God's gifts.

20. The multiude believed Him and wanted to make Him king (John 6:15).

MATTHEW 20:17-28
1. Jesus telling His disciples of His coming death: Matthew 16:21-28.
2. Zebedee's sons, James and John, seek worldly preference: Mark 10:35-37.
3. The cross is Jesus' throne (27:37-38). His followers experience suffering and death.
4. God rewards the faithfuls irrespective of their experiences.
5. True value is found in service, not in domination; in the cross, not the crown: Philippians 2:5-11.
6. Jesus' death is a ransom for many: a costly one by which we are freed from sin.

ACTS 9:10-18
1. Saul, the zealous Pharisee who headed the persecution against the disciples became God's chosen vessel to witness before the Gentiles.
2. Ananias, like Samuel (1 Samuel 3:4), responded and acted.
3. Saul received God's revelation by a light, a man, and a vision.
4. The prosecutor became the prosecuted.
5. Ananias laid the hands on Saul .... and was baptized.

1. The transforming and reconciling work of Christ.
2. Christ's love for all mankind (1 John 4:19). Christ died for all of us. We have to accept this by faith.
3. Once we accept Christ, we shall forgo our own self-interest.
4. We are a new creation in Christ Jesus.
5. We are reconciled and as ambassadors of Christ, we have to proclaim this Good News.

EXODUS 23:14-19
1. Three Sacred Feasts: Exodus 34:18; 23-26; Deuteronomy 16:1-17. A. The Feast of the Unleavened Bread: For seven days ... came out of Egypt. B. The Feast of Harvest: the first fruits of labors. C. The Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year.
2. Commitment.

1. A song of trust, a joyous testimony.
2. The reasons for trusting God (vv. 1-4). God is the source of all goodness (Job 35:7) and is received by faith.
3. Benefits of the trust (vv. 5-8). We have to make God our most prized possession (portion, inheritance). We will have god-given security.
4. The confidence of those who trust in the Lord (vv. 9-11): Our faith extends beyond the grave. Even our death cannot bring an end to that fellowship. 5. Life in newness makes us closer to God.
ISAIAH 40: 27-31

1. God is faithful and delivers us.
2. It is foolish to depend upon human strength.
3. We have to wait for Him. THE TWELVE APOSTLES: Matthew 10:2-4; Mark 3:14-19; Luke 6:13-16; Acts 1:13.
MATTHEW 9:36-10:15

1. God has compassion for sinning people; so also Jesus had compassion when He saw the people wandering in sin like lost sheep without a shephered (10:6).
2. There are plenty to receive the Gospel, but few to preach. Need to pray and work. 3. Jesus called the 12 disciples who became Apostles (shared in Jesus' mission) representing Jesus to represent the 12 tribes of Israel (19:28) for the beginning of the New Israel, which is the Church. The twelve and (St. Paul) witnessed His resurrection and helped to build the Church.
3. These 12 Apostles are in three groups of four each: A. Two pairs of brothers: Simon Peter and Andrew & James and John (fishermen: Mt. 4:18-22). B. Philip, Bartolomew, Thomas and Matthew (Levi): Matthew 9:9; Luke 5:27 C. James (son of Alphaeus), Judas Iscariot, Thaddaeus, and Simon (the Cananite, the zealot). (For more about the Apostles, see chapter two: "THE EXPANSION OF OUR CHURCH" in OUR CHURCH by this author.
4. Jesus sent His Apostles to the house of Israel during His earthly ministry. But after resurrection, to all the world (Matthew 28:19).
5. Samaritans: Half-breeds of Israelites and Gentiles. The Jews did not associate with them due to long-standing social and religious disagtrements.
6. The disciples have to heal the sick, raise the dead, and cast out demons.
7. The Apostles shall be supported by the congregation; should not shop around for better hospitality nor should be greedy.
8. They should greet the household and bless.
9. Unbelieving may reap the consequences.
10. Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 19:23-24): If you know more about God and reject, the result will be more less tolerable.
MATTHEW 19:27-30

1. Peter thought that the Apostles may have a greater award for their response to Jesus' call.
2. Rewards for all those who response based on God's graciousness and not on human merit: 19:30-20:16.
3. The reward will be at the second coming (Romans 8:18-22; Revelation 21:1-5).
4. The rewards are not based on the time or energy, but on the faith and works: 20:16.
LUKE 6:12-26
1. Before the selection, Jesus spent the whole night in prayer.
2. The selection was from a large group (10:1; Acts 1:15).
3. Apostle: One sent to a mission. Apart from the twelve, also Paul (Galatians 1:1), James (James 1:19), and Barnabas (Acts 14:14). They witnessed the resurrection and spread the Gospel message.
4. The twelve, other disciples, and a great multitude were present for the Sermon on the Mount: Matthew 5:1-12; 38-48; 7:1-15; 15-20; 24-27; 12:33-35.


1. Son of Jonah of Napthali tribe.
2. From Galile and lived in Caparnaum
3. Brother of Andrew, who introduced Peter to Jesus.
4. Fisherman and married
5. Called along with John and James while fishing: Matthew 4:18-20; John 1:40-42
6. His name Simon was renamed Peter, means "rock"
7. With Jesus when the daughter of Jarius was raised (Mark 5:35-43), at Mount Tabor (Transfiguration: Matthew 17:1-8; 2 Peter 1:16-18), and at Gethsamanae (struck the ear of the servant: Matthew 26:51).
8. Walked on water: Matthew 14:28-33
9. Christ's deity confessed:"Christ, the Son of the Living God": Matthew 16:13-19/
10. Once Jesus rebuked him: Matthew 16:13-19
11. Protested when the Master came to wash his feet
12. Jesus told him to forgive debtors 70 times seven.
13. Fled when Jesus was arrested, then returned, and denied three times: Matthew 26:69-75
14. Raced to the tomb when heard of His resurrection
15. Confessed, wept, and reinstated: John 21:15-17
16. Mathias was chosen under his leadership: Acts 1:15f
17. Preached at Pentecost: Acts 2:1ff
18. First mass conversion in response to preaching
19. Spoke at Jerusalem Council: Acts 15:7-14
20. Performed miracles: Acts 3:1-11; 5:14-16; 9:32-43
21. Travelled and preached the Gospel: Acts 10
22. Defended the ministry to the gentiles: 11:1-8
23. Wrote epistles: 1 Peter 1:1; 2 Peter 1:1
24. Imprisoned and angels delivered: Acts 12:3-19
25. Crucified in Rome -- head downwards per his wish.


1. Born as "Saul" in Tarsus of Cilicia (Acts 22:3), tribe of Benjamin (Philippians 3:5), a Jew and a Roman citizen.
2. Learned tent-making when young (Acts 18:3) and studied under Gamaliel (Acts 22:3).
3. Hebrew, Pharisee (Philippians 3:5), persecuted Christians (Acts 8:1-3; Philippians 3:6), witnessed the martyrdom of St.. Stephen, and after Palastenian persecution went to Damascus for more atrocities.
4. Met the risen Christ on the road to Damascus: Acts 9:1-8
5. Conversion and new name: Paul.
6. Received Holy Spirit on the street called Straight: 9:11.
7. There after went to the Arabian jungle to spend some time in meditation.
8. Attacked and the disciples helped by sending him to Syria.
9. Antioch Church sent to missionary work: Acts 13:1-3
10. Carried the Gospel to the gentiles: Galatians 2:7-10
11. Spoke in the Council of Jerusalem: Acts 15:1-35
12. Opposed Peter (Galatians 2:11-21): corrected him.
13. Disputed with Barnabas about John Mark (15:36-45); Paul took Silas.
14. Three missionary journies: Acts 13-20
15. Founded numerous Churches in Asia Minor, Greece: Romans 15:24-28.
16. Wrote seversal (14) epistles from the prison: Half of NT
17. Arrested in Jerusalem and sent to Rome :Acts 21:27; 28:16-31
18. After release, more missionary works, then arrested again in Rome and beheaded in A.D. 68. More about St: Paul:

19. Come to Macedonia and help us: Acts 16:9.
20. Preached Jesus Christ and Him crucified: 1 Cori. 2:2
21. In Philippi Paul first preached the Gospel of Christ in Europe: Acts 16:11-40.
22. Then in Thessalonica for three weeks: Acts 17:1-9
23. "The message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing": 1 Corinthians 1:18
24. St. Paul preached about repentance, the resurrection and salvation as well as God's judgment.
25. "For in Him, we live and move and have our being": Acts 17:28
26. Humans "should seek the Lord in the hope that they might grope for Him and find Him": Acts 17:27 27. Dionysius and Damaris believed Paul: Acts 17:34
27. "Jesus is the Christ": Acts 18:4-5: in Corinth.
28. "Do not be afraid, but speak and do not keep silent": Paul's vision: Acts 18:9-10
29. Every thought "to the obedience of Christ": 2 Cori. 10:5
30. Christ strengthens: Philippians 4:13
31. Believe in Christ to be saved:: Acts 16:23-27
32. St. paul's trials: 2 Corinthians 11:23-27
33. St. Paul's faith: Philippians 4:13 (For more about these two Apostles, see chapter two: THE EXPANSION OF OUR CHURCH" in OUR CHURCH" by this author). MATTHEW 20:1-16

1. We receive generous rewards for obedience and faithfulness
2. Our reward is based on God's generosity; 20:15; Romans 9;20-21; Deuteronomy 15:9; Proverbs 23:6; Matthew 6:23; Mark 7:22.
3. Many are called, but few chosen.

JOHN 21:15-25 (See some where else in this book)

1. More than fishing or more than the disciples: We have to love Jesus more than anything or anyone else.
2. Lamb: Acts 20:28; 1 Timothy 4:6; 1 Peter 5:2
3. Sheep: Psalm 79:13; Matthew 10:16; 15:24; 25:33; 26:31
4. Jesus predicted Peter's crucifixion
5. Peter's curiosity or jealousy by asking about the other disciple
6. Authenticity
7. More than written documents ... traditions. ACTS 1:12-14 1. In the house of John Mark, author of the Gospel, several believers, including Jesus' mother and brothers prayed together: 2:1; 7:57.

1 CORINTHIANS 12:28-13:10
1. Apostles: Disciples and others like St. Paul who had seen the risen Lord and witnessed Him: 1:1; 15:9
2. Prophets: Who proclaims God's message for the edification of the Church and predict future events: Acts 11:28; 21: 9-11
3. Love is the most important spiritual gift.
4. Obedience brings blessings: A test of Abraham's faith ... to leave his country, family, and father's house.
5. God's promise to Abraham and his descendants
6. His wife Sara was barren; but Abraham's faith and hope
7. The first act of Abraham when he arrived in Bethel was that he built an altar to the Lord.

DANIEL 1:8-21
1. Daniel and his friends were trained by the king to serve him.
2. Daniel diplomatically dealt with the circumstances and passed the test. ISAIAH 43: 1-7
3. God's presence with His people.

MATTHEW 15:32-39; MARK 8:1-10

1. Three times Jesus fed: a. 5000 with 5 loaves and two fish: John 6:1-15 b. 4000 with 7 loaves and few fish (today's) c. The Last Supper: 12 disciples (one betrayed): Matthew 26:17-30
2. Multitude becoming very great (conventions); should increase, not decrease: church-going the same way.
3. Miracle among the Gentiles in the summer.
4. Jesus' compassion toward the multitude: Philippians 2:5; 1 Corinthians 2:16. They were with Him for three days: Three stands for completeness / wholeness: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit Jesus' concern for the people's problems: 15:32
a. People without leader is like sheep without shepherd: Matthew 9:36-37.
b. Touched the lepor: Mark 1:41
c. Told the widow not to cry: Luke 7:13
d. Wept at the tomb of Lazarus: John 11: 33-35
e. Cried for the city of Jerusalem: Luke 19:4
f. Prayed for those who crucified: Luke 23: 34
g. God of all mercies: 2 Corinthians 1:3
h. Holy Spirit: Romans 8:26. So with hope, put our burden on Him (1 Peter 5:7); forgive the sins of others (Matthew 18:35): and help others ( 1 John 3:17).
5. Some came from afar (8:3): Physically as well as spiritually we are all in this category, not just prodigal son, Mary Magdaline, Zacheus, Paul (Ephesians 2:13). We are nearer through Christ Jesus. If wecome nearer, never send us back hungry: Jesus cured the sick and raised the sick; invited all those who are burden to come for rest; Elijah was told to rise up and eat as he has to go for a long distance. If we don't come nearer, will be tired and weakened and fallen; to come and be partakers of everything including communion. Need endorsement like a check to cash.
7. Tradition to give food after service. Continue if possible.
8. Obstacles for the blessings:
a. Unfavorable circumstances ... in the desert
b. Unfavorable consumers ... big crowd
c. Unfavorable supply ... Not enough food.
9. Be with God (Mark 3:14): Then satisfaction in His presence; God works with us knowing our needs.
10. What kind of supplication and requests we have? James 4:3.
11. Listen and live in holiness and activites; then He will feed us like a good shepherd: Psalm 23.
12. Jesus consulted with the disciples as friends: John 15:15.
13. Disciples couldn't do it. They pointed out a problem. How could feed such a crowd in the wilderness?
14. They approached Jesus for His helping hand. God's servers to do what they are supposed to do: Luke 17:1-10.
15. What do you have? Jesus' question.
16. See what we have; within our community.
17. Jesus praised and thanked God and blessed the bread.
18. Submit everything to Jesus ... multiplies (Job did).
19. When Jesus blessed they ate; they were satisfied, filled and departed in peace.

20. Left over... 7 baskets: Importance of seven.
21. When we grow spiritually, physical needs are minimised; we ask for "daily" bread. Rest of the requests in the Lord's prayer are spiritual. We live not by brad alone: Deuteronomy 8:3.
22. In order not to be tired or exhausted, we have to receive the blessed bread: Holy Communion.

LUKE 17:1-10
1. Guidelines for Christians: Matthew 17:1921; 18:6-7; 21-22; Mark 9:28-29, 42. 2. Do not do anything that would cause another to sin: v. 1-2 2. Seek to correct fellow Christians, if they sin: v.3.
2. Always be quick to forgive when repents: vv. 3-4.
3. Trust God: vv. 5-6 5. Do not be proud when we do our duties: vv. 7-10. MARK 6:30-52
4. Jesus' concern for the welfare of the disciples (privacy: v. 31), on the spiritual ignorance of the people (v.34), and for their hunger: 35-44.
5. The disciples shall serve the needs of the people through Jesus.
6. The serving disciples did more effectively to reach every one with the food: v. 39.
7. Sent followers into danger to test them (v.45): in to the boat.
8. Never leaves in trouble: God's saving presence to Moses (Exodus 33:19; Elijah (1 Kings 19:11).
9. God's reassurance (Abraham 15:1): Do not be afraid.

ACTS 1:15-20
1.Selection of Mathias to replace Judas.
2. Even though Peter denied Jesus (Luke 22:54-62), he was the leader. Peter's sermon to the 120 about Judas who betrayed his master resulted in good response. 3. The failure of Judas was foretold: Psalm 25; 109:8.
3. Love of money leads to all kinds of losses and destruction ... takes away from all goodness.

1. Love must guide our freedom.
2. The gods and lords of the pagans were not real
3. God, the Father, is the source of all things.

EXODUS 30:34-38
1. God wants us to be holy as the incense shall be holy.
2. We shall be happy too, but holiness shall be our priority.

1. A royal messianic Psalm for spiritual warfare.
2. A petition (vv. 1-5): Five requests of prayer.
3. The assurance of God's answer: vv. 6-8; cf. 1 John 5:14-15. There is greater power in the name of God than in armies of chariots: Zechariah 4:6; Romans 8:1-13.
4. A final cry for help recognizing that God is king (v.9). The battle we face is not ours, it is His. ISAIAH 14:222-27 1. Judgment on Babylon and Assyria


1. Apostle: Matthew 10:3

2. Mission: All the way from the Holy Land to India to preach the Gospel. Used the opportunity he got: Hebrews 3:13. Preached and witnessed Jesus Christ and cared for the poor.

3. Love for Christ: Ready to die for Him: John 11:16. Martyr: Romans 14:8.

4. Curiosity: "How can we know the way." John 14:4-6: "I am the way, the truth, and the life."

5. Approach: All others believed by seeing Him: Mark 16:14. Not there, may be sobing or hiding. Touched and believed. Proved resurrection: John 20:25; 1 Corinthians 15:17. Did not believe before he personally experienced, did not say he understood when he really did not.

6. Inscribed a lasting tradition: The tradition is that all other disciples kissed his hand after the incident: The tradition still continues in the Church

7. Confession of Faith: The greatest confession: "My Lord and my God." John 20:28: Christ's sovereignty and identity.

8. With the Apostles in the Upper Room (Acts 1:13-14) and strengthened with the Holy Spirit: Acts 2:1-4.

9. Spiritual Fatherhood: 1 Corinthians 4:15: St. Thomas Christians in India: Four families and seven churches.

(For more on St. Thomas: see Chapter FIVE of OUR CHURCH and SUNDAY AFTER EASTER in this series).

MARK 3:20-30

1. Casting out devils (1 John 3:8) and healing the sick are important in Jesus' ministry.

2. His own people as well as others could not understand Him; may be because of jealous.

3. His own people thought He was out of His mind because He was too busy to eat. They said that Jesus is crazy: Lots of people are called thus because of their attitude and ideas for reforms: Acts 26:24: St. Paul. A house should not fight against it. Abraham Lincoln' spech on "The House Divided" during civil war. A man's enemy is his own household.

4. The religious leaders ... the scribes rejected earlier: Mark 2:7 - those who think that they know - also created problem. Jesus publicy criticised them : 7:16.

5. Those who don't understand, and those who don't want to do things always create problems.

6. They attributed Jesus' power to Beelzebub.; through the power of satan.

7. Using a parable, Jesus tells that how satan would rise up against himself.. The strong man is satan. Jesus is the one who entered his house, bound him, and was releasing people from his power: cf: Denial of satan in baptism. Jesus came to defeat him. Do not have friendship with satan.

8. Fighting each other results in destruction: "United we stand; divided we fall": Abraham Lincoln.; our Church case. Fighting each other leads to stress and ills.

9. God forgives all sins, except the one against the Holy Spirit: Mark 3:28-30; Luke 12:10; Hebrews 6:406; 1 John 5:16. Do not conceal truth; don't say false witness; accept goodness where ever it is. When Holy Spirit persuades one to believe in Jesus Christ, and then if we work against it, it is working against Holy Spirit. Holy Spirit helps to believe (1 Corinthians 12:3). We have to believe Jesus Christ, instead of the devil, through the power of God. They concealed the truth of healing the person with Beelzabub: interpreted good as evil. It is a wilful sin. Do not see light as dark.

10. False accusation is sin against Holy Spirit; they rejected the truth: about casting out the devils: cf. Isaiah 5:20. When God said of good things about Job (1:8), satan found faults (1:10 cf. 3:1).

11. If we ignore the goodness of others, that is sin against Holy Spirit. Holy Spirit leads us to repent. When we see wrong as wrong, that leads to repentance. Look through the rear view mirror what is going on behind us.

12. Do not resist the Holy Spirit (Acts 7:51: St. Stephen) ; do not lie (acts 5:1ff: Ananias and Sapphira); do not sadden ther Holy Spirit; fill with Holy Spirit; lead and walk with Holy Spirit; and be sent by Holy Spiri 13. See every one as children of God and pray for His grace. Goal and means, both should be nice; all means are not good.

14. Jesus shall take care of our affairs if we act properly:

a. Attitude: Example: If one says: "My feet hurt", people feel sympathy ; if says: My feet are killing", people laugh.

b. Surrender: The throwing of our conscious selves on the mercy of power.

c. Ego reduction

d. Sinceriety.

e. Concern for others.

MATTHEW 12:30-50
1. There should be no neutral ground in our attitude; either with Him or against Him.
2. Jesus cast out the demons with the power of the Holy Spirt. The Pharisees did not believe that; it is an unpardonable sin: Mark 3:28-29.
3. The fruit of their lives was bad; the fruit tells what kind of a tree it is: our attitudes, actions and words. We should bear fruit to God (Romans 7:14): Spiritual fruits (Galatians 5:22-23). God's spirit lead to bear fruits through thoughts of understanding, association, conviction, rejection and outlook by taking God's attitude about everything. Fruits of the spirit, grown, not given (gifts): Need intimate relationship between the vine and branch, rooted and grounded in Christ.

(a). Love: John 15:10, 12. The sum total of reconciliation, forgiveness, mercy and compassion, humility, meekness, hungering and thirsting for righteousness. Jesus showed the way and lived it. Love is God's character (1 John 4:8; 5:3); Right attitude (1 Corinthians 13:1-8. 13); Right words (Ephesians 4:15); Right actions (1 John 3:16-18).

b. Joy: Nehemiah 8:12. Joy of the Lord in our strength.Joy is not just happiness. Transcends selfishness ... when seeing others blessed. Jesus felt this kind of joy when gave Himself to others (Hebrews 12:2). Jesus wants to remain the joy in us (John 15:11). When in trials, count it all joy (James 1:2); glad with exceeding joy (1 Peter 4:12-13; Hebrews 10:34); walking in truth makes joy (3 John 4; help others with joy (2 Corinthians 1:3-4); rejoice and leap for joy (Luke 6:23). c. Peace: 2 Corinthians 4:8-9. Obedience to God's law brings great peace (Psalm 119:165), brings harmony with God, others and self and peacefully resolves conflicts.

d. Long Suffering: To endure trouble, extend mercy and wait patiently to act (Colossians 3:13).

e.Kindness: Sensitivity to the needs of others. For secure and confident (Psalm 18:35; 1 Thessalonians 2:7).

f. Goodness: Generosity. Give freely and cheerfully (1 John 3:16; 2 Corinthians 9:7).

g. Faithfulness: Loyalty, faith, dependability .... needed for relationship to prosper and grow: Hebrews 11:6; Proverbs 25:19.

h. Gentleness: Produces humility and destroys pride. Esteem others and control ourselves (Philippians 2:3).

i. Self-control: This affects the taste and growth of all the other fruits (1 Corinthians 9:25).

These fruits constitute the perfect character of God.

4. They have seen numerous miracles (chapters 8-9); but asking for more is testing Him again and again.
5. The preaching of Jesus on the kingdom of God is greater than that of Jonah on repentance or the wise judgments given by Solomon.
6. Those who rejected Jesus will be condemned.
7. Because they rejected, their heart is empty and will be filled with worse evils.
8. Obedience is the key factor to have relationship with Jesus; not the blood relationships.

ACTS 4:32-37
1. Believers share in all things.
2. The Spirit brings love and unity: Acts 5:12; Romans 15:5-6; 2 Corinthians 13:11; Philippians 1:27; 2:2; 1 Peter 3:8.
3. The Apostles continued their witness through the power they received at Pentecost: Lame man's healing: Acts 1:8, 22; Romans 6:15.
4. The unity of love and the spontaneous sharing of possessions to help the needy.
5. Barnabas (means son of Encouragements), vouched for Saul's conversion: 9:27.

1. The Church is One and God's temple.
2. The sad state of the Gentiles before Christ came: VV. 11-12.
3. Christ's reconciling Jews and Gentiles to God and to each other: vv. 13-18.
4. The established new glorious society (19-22). Christ, the Corner Stone, controls the shape and strength of the structure. The Church finds its unity in Christ. People are being added to it every day. God is present in spirit with His people where ever they are.

LEVETICUS 16:29-34
1. The Day of Atonement, the most sacred event in the Jewish year: The Fast: Acts 27:9.
2. A day for prayer, fasting and repentance with genuine contrition: Isaiah 58:5-6.
3. An everlasting statute for the atonement: vv. 30-34 give a summary of plans for the day.

HOSEA 5:1-5
1. Israel's leaders failed to rule justly over the people.
2. Israel is called Ephraim, the largest of the 10 northern tribes.
3. They are accused of harlotory because they did not worship the Lord.

ISAIAH 57:15-19
1. Peace to the contrite, not to the wicked.

2. God is holy and eternal and dwells with the contrite and the humble.

3. Our refusal to submit ourselves to God in trust and obedience (Ephesians 5:3; Colossians 3:5) causes backsliding: Luke 8:13-14.

4. God restores the repentant, but peace is not available who persist in their wickedness: Psalm 1:6.

JOHN 6:47-59

1. This miracle on the day before our Lord's Last Supper" when the Holy Eucharist was instituted for eternal life (v.51, 53-54. 56 cf. 1 John 5:12), for unity with the Father and the Son and every one else (v.56); John 15:1-10; and for the resurrection of the dead: v. 54.

2. "I am the bread of life": John 6:35; 6:48. This bread unites us with God.

3. The seven "I am's" in the 4th Gospel.

4. "I am that I am" to Moses.

5. The difference between "Manna" and the bread of life ... live for ever. God's life given through Eucharist ... medicine for immortality. Field and workers are meaningful when eat bread... bread of life. "Manna" was given for physical entity: Exodus 16 - for day to day: "Give us this day our daily bread. Manna: Angel's food: Psalm 78:24-25.

6. Jesus is the true life-giving bread. Those who believe in Him will live for ever.

7. By receiving Holy Communion, God's life comes into us: 1 Corinthians 11:23-30; 2 Corinthians 4:10; Jesus Christ lives in us. Arguments and quarrels in spiritual life due to ignorance. Share the knowledge to others, not the arguments. Blind cannot see what we show him. Argument about how the body of Christ can be given as food... not intelligent enough to understand the spirituality. Fear of God is the beginning of wisdom (Proverbs 1:7). If He lives in us and we live in Him, we bear many fruits (John 15:5). His words never pass away (Matthew 24:35). If we don't receive Him, we are responsible for our destruction (Revelation 3:20). Jesus followed God in everything (John 6:19). We have to follow Him to overcome trials and temptations (John 17:4). Jesus passed in all three of satan's temptations: stone to bread, worship satan and jump from the pillar. His brightness works in us (Philippians 3:21). Act and talk as God living in us.

8. We have to participate fully in Christ as the complete sacrifice for sin in order to realize the benefits of salvation. Full involvement results in eternal life. We have to abide in Christ and Christ in us when we receive the Holy Communion to be effective. Otherwise it is worthless (1 Corinthians 11:29-30). This relationship is like the Father and the Son. Son gets living power from the Father. Through communion we receive that power.

9. Spiritual hunger leads us to knock at the door of the church for some food where we receive the spiritual bread for eternal life.
10. The Eucharist bread is made out of the four outstanding ingredients for life:
1. Wheat flour: stands for clay, dust, mud.
2. Water: 3. Yeast: Air 4. Salt: Fire (energy).
The bread represents each one of us; so in the Church we share ourselves.
A. The Bread of Faith: Many are in utter turmoil and confusion: No faith in God, man or in the future. Faith is leap into the darkness; "faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen" (hebrews 11:1).
B. The Bread of Hope: Technological advancement does not solve all the problems. Many are wandering without any hope.
C. The Bread of Love: Wars and fights all over homes, in the community, in the country all over the world. Lots of us are longing for fellowship and friendship (Love Chapter: 1 Corinthians 13).
Are we giving these three loaves to others: faith, hope and love?

11. We will be tested in our day to day life. Overcome the tests.

12. Receive Him physically and spiritually through Holy Communion.

MARK 4:1-23
1. Parable of the sower (Matthew 13:1-23; Luke 8:4-18). In God's field, the seeds of word are sown.
2. We must be careful to obey the word of God; God's word will accomplish its purpose.
3. The kinds of soil have their impact on the harvest:
a. Ones by the wayside: Careless hearers of the Gospel truth;
b. Stony ground: Persons who value salvation too little;
c. Sown among thorns: Persons who spend all their energies on material things (Are we one of these? Disobedience brings danger: Jeremiah 7:21-26); Even if in peril, awake and shine (Isaiah 52:1-6); He will be with us.
d. Good ground (Exodus 3:9-15): Believers who accept Christ and continue to follow Him. Those who willingly receive the truth, truly understand and obey. Jesus is the source: Hebrews 4:14-5:5.
4. Like a lamp put on a lampstand makes things visible, so the Gospel message brings God's truth to light.

MATTHEW 13:10-23
1. God's future rule had begun with the coming of Jesus; it was once secret, but now revealed.
2. If we close our eyes against the light, we will not profit anything from all possible means given to us.

1 PETER 2:4-10
1. Christ is the foundation stone: 2:4.
2. Through faith in Christ, we become God's people.
3. Believers are living stones ... by sharing in Christ's resurrection.

3. The Church is a spiritual house: compare to the temple of God: John 2:19-21; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19.
4. Jesus, the corner stone, completes God's plan of salvation.
5. We are a chosen generation, royal priesthood, holy nation, and His own special people (Exodus 19:5-6). Thus the Church is the New Israel.
6. God accepts sinners and makes them the people of God: Hosea 1:10; 2:23.
7. Whatever God sanctified is not unclean: Romans 14:14.
8. Most leaders, inventors, discovers arose from poverty.
HEBREWS 4:14-5:55
1. High priesthood of Jesus who cleanses the sinful human heart.
2. Jesus enables usto overcome sin because He overcame every form of temptation.
3. God's undeserving people receive His goodness: forgiveness for sins (mercy) and grace to help us overcome temptation. We can approach Him in prayer for blessings.
4. The high priesthood of Christ and of Aaron. Both offered sacrifice for the sins of others. Both were called by God. But they differ in the nature of their calls and the effectiveness of their sacrifices. The call of Christ surpasses the call of Aaron in that God made Christ a priest for ever.

EXODUS 3:9-15
1. God knows the sorrows of His people.

2. God's method of deliverence is reaching people through people: MOses.

3. Moses' thought "who am I", instead of "whose I am ."

4. Moses also thought that God's people, now in Egypt more than 400 years , would have been even forgotten His name.

5. YHWH: YAHWEH: JEHOVAH: I AM THAT I AM (3:14): Answe to Moses. The present one, He who is. The God is present in their midst even in exile.


1. I am the Bread of Life: John 6:35: Bread for physical survival. Lord's body for spiritual life (6:51). We have to be renewed in the faith of His body and in the love of His blood. Feed and give us strength.

2. I am the light of the world: John 8:12. Warfare between light and darkness. In the beginning God created light. Evil fights against light. Dark moves away with the appearance of lightt (2 John 2:8). Be one with Christ (Ephesians 1:10). Light, Jesus, to show our way.

3. I am the Door (John 10:7): Door to the way of life. Words of eternity are with Him. Those who go through Him will be saved.

4. I am the Good Shepherd (John 10:11): Great shepherd of the shep (Hebrews 13:20); chief shepherd (1 Peter 5:4); the Lord is our shepherd (Psalm 23:1). A shepherd's responsib-ilities include feeding (Bread of life: Holy Communion), protecting from the enemy ... satan and sin ... , caring, encouraging, keeping in order and giving guidance and spiritual direction (John 21:15-17; Acts 20:28-31; 1 Thessalonians 5:2-15; 2 Timothy 4:1-5). A caring shepherd looks after the flock (Luke 12:32; John 10:7-16); his relationship is like between God and His people (Psalm 23; 95:6-7); he leads (Ezekiel 4:23; Micah 5:2-4); guides his flock to good pastures (Isaiah 40:11); feeds his sheep (psalm 23); guides them (1 Samuel 17:34); he searches for the strayed and lost ones (Matthew 18:12); he knows his sheep individually (John 10:1-4); he tends his sheep (Genesis 33:13).Jesus came down to enquire about the status of the lamb. He went out seeking the one lost leaving the 99. Jesus told Peter to feed the lamb. Jesus is the Good Shepherd (2 John 1:1-16) ...."Behold, the lamb of God", John the Baptist witnessed. The leaders are also shepherds (Acts 21:28). Moses found a lost sheep of his father-in-law. God saw this and found a leader to lead and guide the Israelites. David was a shepherd. God is our real shepherd (Psalm 23:1). Immanuel is with us till the end of the world. He knows us individually and personally. The self-sacrificed watches us all the time. (Ezekiel 34:4: Bad shepherd).

5. I am the Resurrection and the Life (John 11:25): Eternal life - life after death. We live because of Him.

6. I am the way, Truth, and Life (John 14:6): Way to the Father; light of light, very God of very God. Truth to believe and life to be lived.

7.I am the True Vine: Spiritual, internal relationship. We are the brtances (15:5). He is our fellowship. When we are like Him, we bear fruits.

JEREMIAH 7:21-26
1. Obedience is first, sacrifice comes after.
2. Starting from Moses, prophets gave Israel messages of warning and promises through out history: Deuteronomy 18:15-22.
ISAIAH 52:1-6
1. A call to God's people to dress in beautiful garments in preparation for the salvation of God: cf. 3:16-4:1, where Zion tries to make herself beautiful, and to 47:1-3 where beautiful Babylon is stripped like a captive.
2. Shall be redeemed from sin without money: 55:1-2.
3. Assyria and Babylon oppressed Israel without any reason.
4. The enemies say that God could not do anything to save them.: (If we remain in sin, the same thing will happen)
5. We have to recognize God's true greatness.


1. There are several churches in Kerala in the name of St. Kuriakose as patron saint including my own original parish, Mundukuzhy St. Kuriakose Orthodox Church, Kunnamthanam, Thiruvalla.
2. The conviction and commitment of the faithful mother Euliti and her three old son Kuriakose made them martyers whose story is not clearly known to many.
3. The blessed Euliti and her saintly son trampled the devil and all his wicked means under their feet and received the crowns of martyrdom.
4. Euliti, a beautiful rich woman and a good Christian, a descendant of the Asian kings, was born in Icornium in Asia Minor where SS. Paul and Barnabas founded the Church (Acts 14).
5. Euliti spent most of her time in praying and helping the poor.
6. Euliti's only son Kuriakose grew up in a spiritual atmosphere whose first spoken words were, 'I am a Christian.'
7. When Euliti's husband passed away all on a sudden, she had to raise her son by herself.
8. Dioceltian, the Roman emperor, started the worst Christian persecution when Kuriakose was only three years old.
9. Euliti, in order to escape from persecution, fled to Selucia in Syria with two of her maids.
10. As the situation there was also worse, they went to Tarsus, the birthplace of St. Paul.
11. The Roman tetrach in that city, Alexandros was also very cruel toward Christians.
12. Euliti was arrested and brought before Alexandros. Because Euliti confessed that she is a Christian as against the warnings of Alexandros, the soldiers threw Euliti on the ground after taking away young Kuriakose from her.

13. Alexandros promised to release her if she forsook Jesus Christ to which she answered that even a child, like her son, would not budge.
14. Alexandros asked Kuriakose: 'Would you agree to worship the idols.'
15. Young Kuriakose replied: 'Your idols are made by stone and wood; My real God is Jesus Christ.'
16. When Euliti heard this, she filled with courage shouted: 'I am Christian; I worship the real God Jesus Christ who made heaven and earth.' Then Kuriakose also started shouting: 'I am Christian; I am Christian.'
17. Soldiers continued beating Euliti and the ruler tried to play with the boy to attract his attention.
18. The tetrach got md at the child as he was not falling into his trap and threw him to the ground. The young boy hit his head against one of the concrete steps and died instantly.
19. When Euliti saw this, she prayed: 'Thank you my Lord because you considered Kuriakose worthy of receiving this glorious crown. I ask you now my Savior to take me also'
20. On hearing this, the angered Roman emperor ordered her to be beheaded. Thus she was beheaded while she was repeatedly saying: 'I am Christian, I am Christian.'
21. At night, her two maids took the bodies and hid them in a cave near Tarsus.
22. When Constantine, the first Roman emperor, came to power, he built a church where the Mother and the child were martyred.
23. Parts of the relics of these two saints'are preserved in the Syrian St. Mary's Monastry in the valley of Nitron. There is also a historical church bearing their names in Tahta.
24. Our Church commemorates their remembrances on July 15th.
25. May their intercessions be a blessing for each one of us.

LUKE 14:7-11

1. Feast and marriage allowable: Jesus is there.

2. Looking for prominent seats to catch other's attention (even in prayer and singing: start early, end last, etc.) Even in the church we see such tendancies these days. If they don't get, criticize every one and even leave the church. So law-abiding members sometimes do not get recognized. "I to decrease, he to increase". Invitees at the Pharisee house looked for important seats. Ego: self, "I" not "you" or "He."

3. Those who exhibit their position: Prestige and power: Do not try to buy it; earn it. Do not demand or command, earn it.

4. Humble before Good; He will lift us. James 4:10. Only those who are humble deserve the kingdom of God: Job 22:29; Psalm 18:27; 29:23; Matthew 23:12; Luke 18:14. God came down: Learn from Jesus: Matthew 11:29. He is gentle and lowly in heart. The righteous will shine: Matthew 13:43.

5. Forgo "self" and be humble and simple. Selfishness brings embarassment: Proverbs 25:6-7. Do not promote ourselves. Let others do that for us.

6. Regarding highly than is pride. Pride goes before a fall.

7. Courtesy is appreciated and rewarded. Should have Christ's attitude: Philippians 2:5; James 4:8, 10.

8. Old Testament about achievements/rewards of the faithful; New Testament about their responsibilities.

9. If the invitees do not behave, detrimental to all: Punished: Numbers 25:1-8; Isaiah 24:2. For the hope of Israel, Paul was chained: Acts 28:20; in Corinth: 1 Corinthians 6:1-11. Weed among us: Matthew 13:23-35.
10. Host determines the seat. God determines our destiny based upon our deeds and actions. To be invited to the kingdom of God.

11. Brought what ever they found (from a little boy: John 6:9). Though simple, God wants us to use what we have and what we are willing to do. Bring what ever we have to the Lord, He will bless and increase.

MATTHEW 13:24-43
1. Seven parables in this chapter.
2. Although the kingdom of God has come, there is still evil in the world.
3. Tare: A weed that closely resembles wheat. The two are almost indistinquishable until they mature at harvest time.
4. During judgment, the unjust will be removed from the just.
5. God's work often appears insignificant first, but has far-reaching results (mustard and leaven): 12:35 cf. Psalm 78:2; Romans 16:25-26; 1 Corinthians 2:7; Ephesians 3:9; Colossians 1:26.

ACTS 28:11-22
1. St. Paul's imprisonment in Rome.
2. Syracuse (28:12): Founded by Greeks in 734 B.C. was the chief city of Sicily.
3. Paul was respected by the Romans, but his message was rejected by the Jews. So he sought to explain his situation to the Jews.

1. No lawsuits between believers.
2. Christians should not sue each other before the civil authorities over disagrements.
3. One day Christians will judge the world, including the angels (vv. 2-3): cf. Matthew 19:28, Revelation 2:26. We should be able to judge matters by ourselves.
4. If we sue, that means there are no wise people in the Church to judge.
5. Taking another Christian to the court is a spiritual defeat: Matthew 5:39-42.
6. Those who do not have right relationships with God and are indulged with unlawful dealings do not belong to God.
7. Christians are washed (Revelation 1:5), sanctified (made holy and set apart), and justified (declared righteous).

1. The consequences of obedience and disobedience. Obedience makes an expression of faith and commitment to God. 2. The Sinai statutes and judgments distinquished Israel from all nations. 3. Baal of Peor: The Moabite God (Numbers 25:1-9). Those who kept themselves for God were alive: Romans 6:23. 4. Following the law to live a holy life needs diligence: Matthew 7:21. PSALM 22:1-21
1. The victory of the Suffering Servant.
2. V. 1: Words uttered by Jesus on the cross: Matthew 27:6; Mark 15:34.
3. When God seems ignore our cries, we will feel loneliness.
4. God dwells where He is praised.
5. For God's help, we have to trust Him.
6. In times of despair, we all feel that we are just worms, even though we are a little less than God Himself (8:5).
7. Onlookers add our misery.
8. vv. 7-8: Matthew 27:39, 43.
9. God is with us from the day of our birth.
10. The Calvary scenes.
11. God answers our requests and appeals: 22:21.

1. Wisdom loves righteousness
2. A scoffer is an egotist who has a strong hatred for correction (9:7-8). The Lord has no delight in such pride: 3:34.
3. Our success and failure depends on the proper use of our mouth and hands.
4. Hard work and diligence produce both material gain and moral character.
5. Righteous man verses wicked man.
6. A rich man may have nothing; a poor person may have everything. cf. Matthew 10:39.

ISAIAH 24:1-5 <1. Human sin has brought divine judgment, and the earth is laid waste.
2. Every one will face destruction, irrespective of various positions.
3. The inhabitants break the laws of the covenant which leads to desolation. death cannot bring an end to that fellowship. 5. Life in newness makes us closer to God.

MATTHEW 18:1-4

1. The relationship between each other.
2. The true greatness: Be simple and humble.
3. Give importance to what is due: Jesus talked about His incoming passion, death and resurrection; but disciples went to Him asking "Who is great......". People seek position and prestige, but not ready to do the job; want to be fed, but not ready to earn.
4. Jesus set a child (it is believed that this child became St. Ignatius of Antioch) in the midst. Children were not recognized until then. The children are our central attraction: Matthew 19:14; Mark 10:17; Luke 18:14-17. Turn to the state of a child. Prodigal son called "Father'" and thus became a child. Repentance needs to turn. The mental stage of John who leaned on Jesus' bosom (John 13:23) like a child. Children have no worry or jealousy.
5. The person who humbles himself is the greatest in God's kingdom (vv. 1-4) Humility makes one great: Mark 9:33-37; Luke 9:46-48; 22:24-27. Have's and havenot's; higher ups and lower ups. God is the greatest. No body is lower or greater; all are created in God's image: Genesis 1:26. Consider others great: Philippians 2:3.
6. The attitude for the desire to be the greatest shall be changed: Psalm 131:12; Matthew 19:14; Mark 10:15; Luke 18:16; 1 Corinthians 14:20; 1 Peter 2:2.
7. The cake unturned: Hosea 7:8-9
8. We must be careful not to sin or cause another to sin (vv. 5-9). Allow no occasion for sin.
9. Discard offenses: Luke 17:1; 1 Timothy 4:1; Matthew 26:24. Discard the problem makers (cut out hands and legs) or discard those who cause us to sin.
10. Gaining eternal life is important. Even if we have to loose something, we have to pay more attention to gain our souls: Mark 8:36; Matthew 5:29-30.
11. Trials and tribulations to get into eternal life. Israel - bitter water in Mara .. spring water: Exodus 15: 22-27; Job 42:7-17 ... multiplied wealth.. psalm 112:1. Throw away that causes sin: 18:8-9.
12. Angels: Guardian angels. We are angels in His presence: Psalm 34:7; Zechariah 13:7; Hebrews 1:14.
13. We have to do what ever is possible to bring back an erring Christian: James 5:19-20; Luke 15:4-32: The Lost son and the lost coin. Search and find the lost.
14. 100 is fulness/complete. That is what we have to look for.
15. The desire for everybody's salvation: Matthew 18:14; eternal life: will of the father: 1 Timothy 2:4.
LUKE 9:12-17 1. With the help of Jesus, the disciples met the need of the people.
2. The loaves were brought by a boy: John 6:9.
3. In groups: To make the distribution in order.

MATTHEW 16:13-20 1. Peter's confession (v.16) reached the climax of Jesus' revelation of Himself.
2. The Apostles are to help found the Church and expand.
3. Caesarea Philippi (v.13) built in honor of Augustus Caesar Philip, Herod's son, a secluded place was selected to reveal Himself.
4. Jesus valued His disciples' opinion.
5. How people see us? Not only others, but our own.
6. Bar Jonah: Son of Jonah or John (21:15).
7. Peter: Stone or rock (Greek); Cephas (Aramaic): John 1:42.
8. Peter and the Apostles were the witnesses to Christ's resurrection and the first preachers so that the Church was built on their faith.
9. Gates of Hades: Job 33:17; Psalm 9:13; 107:18; Isaiah 38:10.

10. The power of evil will not stop the Church.
11. The keys: The truths of the Gospel. All those who believe enter the kingdom and those who do not believe were kept out.
12. Tell no one (v.20): Mark 1:44; 5:43; 7:36; 8:26 cf. 1:25, 34; 3:12: Not until resurrection (8:30; 9:9):
- May be to limit people to come for healing so that to use more time for preaching and teaching;
- Didn't want demoniac testimony
- Didn't want to misunderstand His mission: No earthly rule, but to deliver from sin.
- At trial revealed: 14:62.
- After resurrection, disciples did: 9:9.

ACTS 28:23-30 1. Paul testified in the prison: Some believed; some not.
2. 28:26-27: Isaiah 6:9-10: Quoted five times to explain of Gospel truth: Matthew 13:14-15; Mark 4:12; Luke 8:10; John 12:40-41; Romans 11:8. ROMANS 10:5-21 1. It may be difficult to keep the Law fully. But through fellowship with God through faith in Christ is possible.
2. Jesus is Lord and God for the Jews and the Gentiles alike
3. We have to preach and teach to spread the Gospel.
4. Israel heard the good news, but rejected. EXODUS 15:22-27 1. The miracle of water at Marah.
2. People's suspicion of God and the leaders during the journey from the Red Sea to Sinai.
3. God is the Deliverer and the Provider.
4. People's skeptical and untrusting attitude.
5. Marah: Bitter: Numbers 33:8; Ruth 1:20.
6. Complained (v. 24): Exodus 14:11; 16:2; Psalm 106:13.
7. Cast in to the waters (v. 25): 2 Kings 2:21.
8. Statute: Joshua 24:25.
9. Tested: Exodus 16:4; Deuteronomy 8:2.16; Judges 2:22; 3:1, 4; Psalm 66:10.
10. Diligently (v.26): Exodus 19:5-6; Deuteronomy 7:12, 15.
11. Diseases: Deuteronomy 28:27, 58, 60.
12. Heals (v.26): Exodus 23:25; Deuteronomy 32:39; Psalm 41:3-4, 103:3; 147:3.
13. 70 palm trees and 12 wells: v. 27. JOB 42:7-17

1. Restoration of Job and his friends.
2. Seven bulls: Numbers 23:1: very expensive offering.
3. Go to my servant job: Matthew 5:24.
4. Pray for you: Genesis 20:17; James 5:15-16; 1 John 5:16
5. Restored (v.10): Deuteronomy 30:3; Psalm 14:7; 85:1-3; 126:1: Blessed abundantly: Psalm 103:17.
7. Job was blessed (v.11): Friends and family: 19:13-20.
8. Doubled the animal possessions (v.12): 1:3: Latter days: 1:10; 8:7; James 5:11.
9. Very beautiful daughters
10. Job died full of days: More than double as in Psalm 90:10.
PSALM 112:1-10 1. A wisdom poem
2. Contrast between the upright (vv.2-9) and the wicked (v.10)
3. He who fears the Lord inherits the blessings: Psalm 102:28; Proverbs 3:16; 8:18; Matthew 6:33.
4. Divine guidance and generosity are the characteristics of the righteous : Job 11:17; Psalm 97:11.
5. Graciousness and discretion of the good man: Psalm 37:26; Luke 6:35; Ephesians 5:15; Colossians 4:5.
6. The righteous trust in the Lord and remain confident without disturbance: Proverbs 10:7; 1:33.
7. He who has an established heart (Hebrews 13:9) is not afraid (Psalm 27:1; 56:11; Proverbs 1:33; 3:24; Isaiah 12:27) and sees his desire: Psalm 59:10.
8. The righteous shall be exalted.
9. The wicked's plans and wishes will not be materialized.

MARK 6:7-13

1. Sending the twelve with responsibilities: with commandments, directions and advice.

2. Abide with rules and regulations: No bread, cash, etc. Leveticus 19:13-18: 11 No's. Just take the bare necessities: Luke 22:36. Joshua 23:7-14: Don't worship others; Malachi 4:1-6: If do not follow, punishments.

3. Depend on God and people: Matthew 10:11-13.

4. Sent two by two: Ecclesiastics 4:9-12 with power to cast away the devils: Two are better than one.

5. Teach the Gospel of peace: Leveticus 19:15: Do righteousness; Matthew 18:15-22: Reconcile with others.

6. Sandles: Ephesians 6:15.

7. Shake off the dust: Acts 13:51; 18:6. Those who reject would become like unbelieving Gentiles.

8. Not just peach, but have actions: Faith without works is dead: James 2:17. Cast the devil and heal the sick; anoint with oil: James 5:14: Unction of the sick, not just the last rite.

MATTHEW 18:15-22
1. A one-to-one discussion for reconciliation. If all attempts fail, expel from the Church: Leveticus 19:17; Luke 17:3-4; Galatians 6:1; 2 Thessalonians 3:15; James 5:19-20; 1 Peter 3:1.
2. 18:16: Deuteronomy 17:6; 19:15; John 8:17; 2 Corinthians 13:1; 1 Timothy 5:19; Hebrews 10:28.
3. Heathens and tax collectors were not considered as God's people.
4. If a person doesn't reconcile, avoid him: Romans 16:17; 1 Corinthians 5:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:6, 14; 2 John 10.
5. 18:18: Absolution; Eternal consequences: Matthew 16:19; John 20:22-23; 1 Corinthians 5:4.
6. God confirms the reconciliation: 1 John 5:14; 3:22; 1 Corinthians 1:10.
7. 18:20: Ten males were required according to Jewish guidelines; here only 2 or 3 and Christ will be there: Matthew 6:14; Mark 11:25; Colossians 3:13.
8. Only 4 times in the Jewish religion; here without any limit: Luke 17:4; Matthew 6:14; Mark 11:25; Colossians 3:13.

MARK 9:33-50
1. Disciples did not understand the ministry of Jesus; so argument about who would be the great among them.
2. 9:34: Because of shame, they kept silent.
3. Humble ourselves to be great..
4. 9:36-37: Little status for children in those days. Child represents needy people: Mark 10:13-16; Matthew 10:40; Luke 10:16; John 13:20.
5. vv.38-40: John's concern for position and authority. We must recognize all Christians: Numbers 11:27-29; Luke 9:49; 1 Corinthians 12:3; Matthew 12:30; Luke 11:23.
6. v. 41: The care and concern count, not the volume or size: Matthew 10:42.
7. v. 42: One who causes failure will have grave consequences: Mathew 18:6; Luke 17:1-2; 1 Corinthians 8:12.
8. vv. 43-48: Hardship now is better for eternity: Revelation 21:8.
9. When we go through our trials and tests, we will be purified.
10. We have to have the loving attitude of service; then no more argument (vv.33-37); Matthew 5:13 (Leveticus 2:13); Luke 14:34; Ephesians 4:29; Colossians 4:6; Romans 12:18; 14:19; 2 Corinthians 13:11; 1 Thessalonians 5:13; Hebrews 12:14.

11. Salt is a preservative, a flavor enhancer and a purifying agent.
12. Could lose our Christlike life and influence and we will no more be His followers.

JAMES 2:14-16
1. Faith shall lead us to a holy life of righteousness and mercy: Matthew 7:21-23.
2. Faith without works is like words without deeds: vv. 15-17: Matthew 25:35; Luke 3:11, 1 John 3:17-18: We have to show loving deeds: Mark 7:6.
3. Obedient living is vital to keep the faith: Abraham proved his faith (John 15:12-15) by being ready to sacrifice his son, Isaac (genesis 22:1-3; 9-12); Rahab also rpoved her faith by risking her life protecting the spies came to Jericho: Joshua 2:1-16.
4. Faith should work in good works (v.24): No contradiction to Romans 3:28-31.
5. Living faith transforms life; dead faith doesn't.

1 CORINTHIANS 14:34-39
1. St. Paul's instruction to women for proper worship procedure: 1 Timothy 2:11; 1 Peter 3:1; Genesis 3:16: Not a restriction for prayer or worship:11:15.
2. We have to have order and discipline in our worship services.

1 CORINTHIANS 14:34-39
1. St. Paul's instruction to women for proper worship procedure: 1 Timothy 2:11; 1 Peter 3:1; Genesis 3:16: Not a restriction for prayer or worship:11:15.
2. We have to have order and discipline in our worship services.

LEVITES 19:13-18
1. A call to holy living: Exodus 22:7-15; 21:27; Mark 10:39; Deuteronomy 24:15; Malachi 3:5; James 5:4.
2. v.14: Deuteronomy 27:18.
3. v.15: Deuteronomy 1:17; 10:17; 16:19; Exodus 23:3,6; Psalm 82:2.
4. v.16: Proverbs 11:13; 18:8; 20:19; Exodus 23:7; Deuteronomy 27:25; 1 Kings 21:7-19.
5. v.17: 1 John 2:9, 11; 3:15; Matthew 18:15; Luke 17:3; Ephesians 5:11.
6. v.18: Deuteronomy 32:35; 1 Samuel 24:12; Romans 12:19; Hebrews 10:30; Matthew 5:43.

- Quoted nine times in the New Testament: Matthew 5:43; 19:19; 22:39; Mark 12:31, 33; Luke 10:27; Romans 13:9; Galatians 5:14; James 5:8.

- It is the last part of Jesus' summary of the Law: Matthew 22:37-40.

JOSHUA 23:7-17
1. Joshua's farewell.
2. Should have obedience, loyalty and love.

1. The coming of the Lord: The wicked and the righteous will both receive rewards.
2. The sun's heat will bring healing to those who fear Him.
3. Obedience and reconciliation.
4. A reflection Moses and Elijah on the Mount of Transfiguration: Matthew 17:1-4.
5. John the Baptist fulfilled the promise of Elijah: Matthew 17: 10-13.


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