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APRIL 2010 ARTICLE - MALAYALAM
VOL:09 ISSUE:04

AWAKENING MESSAGE OF PROPHET JONAH
tbm\m {]hmNIs DWns ZqXv

By REV. FR. KURIEN DANIEL
[Professor, Catholicate College, Pathanamthitta]
[Please open this Article in Microsoft Internet Explorer to view the text in dynamic Malayalam Font]

"I{]amWn Ahsd ASp hp Aht\mSp: \o DdpXp Fp? Fgptp \nsd ssZhs hnfnt]n; \mw \inpt]mImXncntXn\p ssZhw ]t \s ISmnpw Fp ]dp.' (tbm\m 1:6)

thZ]pkvXIns FXm\pw ay`mKmbn ImWsSp tbm\mbpsS ]pkvXIs ASnm\sSpnbmWv hnip k`bnse aqp t\mv {IaoIcnncnpXv. \mev Aymbfpw \msv hmIyfpap Hcp {]hN\]pkvXIw F Xcn \psS a\n m\w ]nSnpXnt\m Hcp Ncn{X]pkvXIw F \nebn IWnseSpm\mWv IqSpX kmyXbpsXXmWv Fs hyn]camb hnebncp. ImcWw {]hN\ cqt]W Hcp hmIyw am{XamWv tbm\m ]pkvXIn \apv ImWphm km[npXv. \mXp Znhkn\Iw \ns\h ]Ww \nqeamsSpw FXmbncpp tbm\bpsS {]hN\w. Fm Hcp Ncn{X]pkvXIw F \nebn tbm\m Xs FgpXnb Hcp kzb PohnX Ncn{XamsWXmWv ]nXmmcpsSbpw thZimkv{XmcpsSbpw \nKa\w. As\ Fn \apv ApXapfImhw, Xs PohnXn hpt]mb A]Pbsfbpw A_sfbpw bmsXmcp adbpanmsX, Hpw Xs HfnpshmsX ]bmbpw kXyambpw XpdpImp Hcp {]Xn]mZ\ ssienbmWv Cu ]pkvXIn DS\ofw \mw ImWpXv. ssZh\ma alXzw F GI eyambncpp CXns cNbnXmhn\pmbncpXv.

tbm\bpsS ]pkvXIw \apv shfnhmncpXv ]mm]fpsS Hcp ]ccbmWv. [Series of repentance] btlmh A\pX]nv Xs Xocpam\sf Xncpnb kmlNcysf \mw CXn hmbnpp. btlmhbpsS {]hmNI\mb tbm\m A\pX]npp. \ns\thbnse cmPmhv A\pX]nv cmPknwlmk\w shSnv cpSpv shodn Ccpp. cmPyp henbhcpw sNdnbhcpw Hcpt]mse A\pX]np. a\pjy\pw arKhpw A\pX]np. cmPysmSpap Hcpencp]Xn\mbncn Nnzm\w a\pjycpw A\pX]nv, Hmtcmcp Xmmsd Zpmhpw Xmmsd ssIep kmlkhpw hnp a\wXncnv btlmhtbmSv \nehnfnv At]np. As\ ]mm]nsbpw A\pXm]nsbpw a\w Xncnhnsbpw Hcp \o ]ccbmWv Cu ]pkvXIn \mw ImWpXv. hnSpXensbpw tamN\nsbpw ]cc. [Series of deliverence]. A\pXm]ns Cu \o ]ccbpsS ]cnkam]vXn, \ns\th \Kcspdnp ssZhns Xov \SmmsX \Kcw cnsSpp FXmWv. ssZhw hopw A\pX]np P\w \inpt]mImsXbncntXn\p Ahsd D{KtIm]w hnpamdn. tbm\bpsS Iense klbm{XnI cnsSpp. Iense Inm cs]Spp. ApXIcambn tbm\m ayns hbn\npw cnsSpp. \ns\shbnse P\ cnsSpp. \ns\shbnse arKfpw k NcmNcfpw cnsSpp. A{]Imcw Hcp tamN\nsbpw hnSpXensbpw kwtbmP\ambncpp A\pXm]ns A\c^ew.

Fm hnNn{Xambn \mw ChnsS ImWpXv, tbm\m {]hmNIs Hfntmnsbpw ]nhmensbpw A\p`hfmbncpp. tbm\bpsS \nwKXbvv D]cnbmbn Cu tamN\Iw Fs\ kw`hnp? Ddnbpw abnbpancp Xs {]hmNI\neqsS ssZhw ApXhpw hnSpXepw \Sp Zi\amWv \mw tbm\mbneqsS \nconpXv. ssZh]pcpjmcpsS C{]Imcap \nwKXbpsS ]e kw`hfpw thZ]pkvXIn \mw hmbnppv. Zpcmb Blm_v cmPmhnsbpw Csk_ cmnbpsSbpw `ojWnsb `bv, "Ctm aXn, btlmth, Fsd {]mWs\ FSppsImtffWta; Rm Fsd ]nXmmscm \h\tm' Fp ssZhkn[n bmNnpsImv, `bsp Fgptp Xs _meymsc amnmn tijw, Pohcsmbn acp`qanbn Hcp Znhks hgn sNp Hcp NqcsSnbpsS XWen Ccpp acnm Cn Genbm {]hmNIs A\p`h \mw XncphN\nse cmPmmcpsS ]pkvXIn hmbnpp. As\ NqcsSnbpsS XWen \ncmitbmsS Ddnsmncp Genbmhns\ ssZhns ZqX XnbpWn, btlmhbpsS a[pc arZpkzcw tIĸnpw `Ww \Inbpw DtPnX\mpp. ssZhns ]Xamb tlmtc_ntep Ahs\ hgn\Sn ApXnsbpw hnkvabnsbpw {]hmNI\mbn cq]mcsSppp. AntcpIfpw AncYfpw Genbmhns\ DStemsS ssIsmp. \ncmibnemWv DdnbsXnepw Ddn DtP\w e`yams Hcp {]hmNIs\bmWv Genbmhn \mw ImWpXv.

tKm{X]nXmhmb bmtm_ns PohnXnepw Cu A\p`hw XsbmWv \mw ImWpXv. Xs ktlmZc\mb Gimhns ]Ihoens\ `bsv bmtm_v lmcm\n Xs amXrktlmZc\mb em_msd ASptep HmSntmIpp. t_ti_bvpw lmcm\pw asy Hcp ep Ah Fnbtm kqcy AkvXanncpp. AhnsS Ah cm]mp. Ah B es IpIfn Hp FSpp XebWbmbn shp AhnsS InSpdn; Ddn bmtm_v Hcp kz]v\w ImWpp. `qanbn \npw kztmfw FpXmb Hcp tImhWn; ssZhnsd ZqXm AXntIqSn IbdpIbpw CdpIIbpw sNbvXpsImtbncpp; AXnosX btlmh \np AcpfnsbvXXp: Rm \nsd ]nXmhmb A{_mlmansd ssZhhpw, bnkvlmnsd ssZhhpamb btlmh BIpp; \o InSp `qansb Rm \n\pw \nsd kXnpw Xcpw; \nsd kXn `qanbnse s]mSnt]mse BIpw; \o ]Snmtdmpw Ingtmpw hStmpw sXtmpw ]cpw; \o apJmchpw \nsd kXn apJmchpw `qanbnse kIe hwifpw A\p{KlnsSpw; CXm, Rm \ntmSpIqsSbpp; \o t]mIptStmsbpw \ns Imp Cu cmPytp \ns aSn hcppw; Rm \ns ssIhnSmsX \ntmSp AcpfnsbvXXp \nhnpw; Atm bmtm_v DdapWp; AhnsS Ah\v ssZhns kmnyw kp\nnXambn A\p`hsp; Ah AhnsS ssZhns Hcp bmK]oTw ]WnXp, B enp t_tY Fp t] hnfnp.

]pXnb\nban AtmkvXe{]hnI 12mw Aymbn ]t{Xmkn\pmb A\p`hw \mw hmbnpp. sltcmZmhp cmPmhns \ymbk\n hn[nInm \nbnncp Znhkns Xse cm{Xnbn ]s{Xmkv cp Nebm _nsh\mbn cp ]SbmfnIfpsS \Sphn DdpIbmbncpp. NeIfm _nX\mbn tdmam]SbmfnIfpsS \Sphnembncpp ]t{Xmkv DdnbncpXv. k`bmIs {itbmsS ]t{Xmkn\pthn {]mnpsImncpp. s]sp Imhnsd ZqX AhnsS {]Xy\mbn, Adbn Hcp shfnw {]Iminp. Ah Ddnsmncp ]s{Xmkns\ hnempdp Xn Ahs\ DWn. DSs\ Ahsd Ne ssIta \np hoWp t]mbn. Imcm{Klns Ccnp hmXnepI Ah\mbn Xpdsp. ssZhns ZqX Ahs\ Icw ]nSnv \Sn, sltcmZmhnsd In \npw sblqZmP\nsd kIe Zp {]Xobn \npw Ahs\ hnSphnp Xncpk`bpambn ktfnnp.

\psS Nnbvp hnjbo`hnnncnp {]kvXpX thZ`mKn \mw ImWpXv Ien DdnnSncp tbm\sb I{]amWn hnfnpWpXmWv. tbm\bpsS ]pkvXIspdnp `npw bpnpw \ncp Hcp hymJym\w F\nv hfsc {itbambn tXmn. AXn{]ImcamWv: tbm\m bm{XsNbvX I Cu temIsbpw hnipk`tbbpw {]Xn\n[oIcnpp. temIn At\I Xcnep ssZhsf hnfnt]nphcpv. At\Iw sshhnyam {]Xybimkv{Xfn hnizknphcpv. At\Iw XXzkwlnXI kzoIcnncnphcpv. AXn ssZhns Dtiyw \ndthphm Xhw XncsSps hynI Dv. ssZhns ]Xn AhcneqsS \ndthdsSp ApXIcamb ImgvN \mw ImWpp. Cu temIamb Ien DdnnSphsc sImnhnfnpWp I{]amWnbmWv ssZhns ]cnipmmhv. hfsc {itbhpw t{ijvThpamb Hcp Blzm\amWv {]kvXpX thZ`mKn I{]amWn tbm\bvv \IpXv. Htcm a\pjysbpw AcWn ]cnipmmhv Aht\mSp a{np Hcp DWp ]mmbnmWv Inms Cu tNmZys \apv ImWphm km[npXv. "\o DdpXp Fp? Fgptp \nsd ssZhs hnfnt]n.'

Bn hrns Iogn \npsImv ]ecpw ]e tNmZy tNmZnp. Cu hrn F{X Bn ImWpambncnpw? Bnfns t]mjIKpW FsmamWv? FtmgmWv Bn acw ImbnpXv? Cs\ \opt]mIpp B tNmZy. ]s Hcp a\pjy Ahmb Hcp tNmZyw tNmZnp. Cu Bn AXns sRn \npw AStm FpsImv apIfntep t]mImsX XmtgbvpXs hp? sFkv \yq F imkv{Xڳ tNmZn Cu tNmZytmfw henap tNmZyw amcpw tNmZnnn. Cu tNmZyn \nmWv imkv{Xs DpwKfntep hgn\Sphm ImcWamb BIjW knmw DcphmbXv. tNmZy ]ckyambpw clkyambpw DcpncnbpXv km[mcWw am{XamWv. Fm tNmZy AhmbncnWw. "\o DdpsXv?', F Inms tNmZyw hfsc A]qambncpp.

tbm\m F hmns Aw {]mhv FmWv. {]hmNImcpsS {]h\ssien IWnseSpptm {]mhv F \maw Fm {]hmNImpw A\pNnXamWv. ssZhns AcpfmSv e`nnv P\ġpthn Hcp {]mhns\tmse IpdpIncbpI FXmWv {]hmNIs ZuXyw. ssZhns {]hmNI F ]Zhnbn tapImc\mb tbm\m ASnntep t]mIpIbmWv. Genbm {]hmNI Xs \ncmibnemWv DdnbsXn tbm\m DdpXv Xs \nwKXbnemWv. ]e Xcnep NnmiIesf CfnhnSp Hcp ZqXmWv CXv. \ns\shbntep t]mIphm I\ e`nh Iqen sImSpv Xiointev I Ibdn.

tbm\msb A\pkcWw sIh Fp ]gnmsanepw kqva\ncoWn Ah sNbvXXv asmmsWp a\nemm Ignbpw. tbm\m Xs \njvfXsb kzb_pnsImv ]cphsSpphm {ianp. F{_mb\mb Xm hnPmXnbcmb \ns\shmsc t_m[hcnpXv BimkyamtWm Fv tbm\mbpsS kzb_pn hnNn\w sNbvXp. \ns\shmcpsS ]X\sn Xm {]kwKnpIbpw, ImcpWyhm\mb ssZhw Ahsc cnpIbpw sNbvXm Xm Hcp t`mjvv {]hmNI\mbn IcpXstImsav tbm\bpsS _pn Ahs\ D]tZinp.

tbm\m Ddnbh\mb {]hmNI Fnepw Atlw kwkmcn aqp hmNI DWntXmb aqp ZqXpI hnizmktemIn\p \Ipp. AXn\p Dt]m_eIambn tbm\mbpsS ]pkvXInses aqp hmIyfmWv \psS {ibvv hnjbo`hnnpXv.v. Hmas ZqXv \mw ImWpXv Hmw Aymbw H]Xmw hmIynemWv. "AXn\p Ah AhtcmSp: Rm Hcp F{_mb, ISepw Icbpw Dmnb kzobssZhamb btlmhsb Rm `Pnphcpp Fp ]dp.' (tbm\m 1:9) Iense klbm{XnIfpsS tNmZyicġv Dcambn, im\mbn \npsImv Xs sXns\ Gp]dbp Hcp hmNIamWv AXv. Hcp F{_mb sXpsNbvXm B sXv aphcptSXnepw henbXmbn IWmsSpp. [When a Hebrew do a sin, it is exceedingly a sin.] Fm tbm\m Xm Hcp F{_mbs\pw Xm sXp sNbvsXpw Gp]dbpp. Bob PohnXn Bnt BZys ]SnbmWv tbm\m \apv shfnhmncpXv. \nwKXbnepw, \ncmbnepw, _pnapnepw, AIbnepw, oWnepw, tcmKnepw, Xm BcmsWpw, Xs ssZhw BcmsWpw kXnv Gp]dbp Hcp a\mWv Hcp hnizmknv DmtIXv.

a\pjya\pw PohnXhpw sshcpyfpsS Hcp IehdbmWv. a\pjy ssZhns aI\mWv, AtX kabw Ah ]m]nbmWv. CXp Hcp sshcpyamWv. a\pjy XmmenI\mWv, AtX kabw Ah \nXy\pamWv. a\pjy\pw ssZhhpw ]nimNpw Xnep hyXymksasp Nnnm: a\pjy\v BZnbpv, Aan; ]nimNn\v BZnbn, Aapv; ssZhn\v BZnbpan, Ahpan. ssZhns ]XnbnemWv \mw P\nXv; ssZhns ]XnbnemWv \mw PohnpXpw NcnpXpw. \nXyPoh\mWv a\pjys eyw. acWn\v {]mbt`Zan. \nXyPohnXn At\I kw`h \SpXn Hp am{XamWv acWw. acWw AImea Death is nothing, but a bend in life. Though it is a grief, it is not a tragedy. ]ecpw Nne k`fn acWs AImesap hntijnnmdpv. AImesa Hcp hmv ssZhns \nLphnen. Fmw ImeamWv. Hcp]s a\pjy\v AXv BIkvanIambn tXmntbmw. a\pjy\v Hcp]s AImesap tXmntbmw. Imhmb tbip{InkvXp s_Ym\ybn emkdns `h\n \npsImv Hcp hnfwcw sNbvXp: Fn hnizknph Hcp\mfpw acnbn, acnmepw Pohnpw. Pohnncpv Fn hnizknp Bcpw Hcp\mfpw acnpIbn. Imhv alXztmsS Fgpp B henb Znhkw hsc hmntmbhcpsS icocw Imncnn \nesImpp. \oXn kqcy\mb Imhns hchns\ {]XonpXpsImmWv \mw `uXoIicocw Ingtmv Xncnp InSpXv. AXpsImv a\pjy \nXy\mWv.

AXpt]mse a\pjy {]IrXnbmWv. AtXkabw a\pjy BmhmWv. acnm ambnocWsaXv {]IrXnbpsS \nbaamWv. Fm A\izcamb Bmhv a\pjy\nepv. This is another contradiction. Man is nature and spirit. tbm\bpsS PohnXhpw sshcpyfpsS Iqmcambncpp. Fm ssZhapmsI Xs ]Zhn XncndnbpXnepw {]ISampXnepw tbm\ ANe\mbncpp. "Rm Hcp F{_mb, Icbpw ISepw krn Poh\p kXyssZhs Rm `Pnp hcpp.' sshcpyfpsS \Sphn CXmbncpp tbm\bpsS kmyw.

a\pjy\nep asmcp sshcpyw Ah kzX{\mbncnptm Xs Ah hnenSsh\mWv FXmWv. Man is free but he is always in chain. sshcpyfpsS \Sphnepw Hcp kq bmKamIphm \mw ISsncnpp. sshcpyfpsSbpw, {]XnknIfpsSbpw, Pb]cmPbfpsSbpw Hcp kn{iamWv PohnXw. Chsbmpw DsmmXv PohnXa, AXv shdpw Hcp `mh\ am{XamWv. sshcpyfpsS \Sphn hncpXbnmsX ANeambn ssZhkmnyn kzbw kmysSppI FXmWv {InkvXob BoIXbpsS Hcp {][m\ Xew. sshcpyfpsS \Sphn ]utemkv AtmkvXe \tmSv BhiysSpp: "ktlmZcmtc, Rm ssZhnsd a\enhp Hmnp \nsf {]t_m[nnpXp: \n _pnbp Bcm[\bmbn \nfpsS icocsf Poh\pw hnipnbpw ssZhnp {]kmZhpap bmKambn kann.' (tdma 12:1) Hcp {InkvXym\nbpsS BobPohnXns DWns kakvX taJeIfnepw {itbamb Hcp XeamWv CXv.

hnip eqtmkns kphntijw ]Xn\mw Aymbn \s aqp Imcysfpdnv \mw hmbnpp. BZytXv Hcp CSb\v BSns\ \sSpp. cmaXmbn Hcp kv{Xobvv {Zlva \sSpp, aqmaXmbn Hcp A\v aIs\ \sSpp. CXn BZys cnepw DSa \sXns\ Xncp \SpXmbn \mw ImWpp. Fm aqmatXn A aIs\ XncbpXmbn \mw ImWpn. ImcWw, Cu BSn\pw \mWbn\pw Cm Hcp kz`mhhpw Ignhpw Cu aI\pv FXmWv. "Atm kpt_m[w hnp Ah: Fsd Asd F{X Iqenm `Ww Ignp tijnnpp; Rmt\m hnipsImp \inpt]mIpp. Rm kztmSpw \ntmSpw ]m]w sNbvXncnpp. C\n \nsd aI F t]cnp Rm tbmKy\;' kzbw kpt_m[ntep Xncnp hcphm\p Ignhv a\pjy\p am{XapXmWv. "Rm Fgptv As ASptp t]mIpw.' sshcpyfpsS \Sphn CXmbncnWw Hcp {InkvXym\nbpsS hoWw. tbm\m Xs ssZhs Xncndnp kmnXpt]mse sshcpyfpsS \Sphn \nptm \psS \ As\ Xncndnp kmnphm \app kpt_m[apmbncnWw. Cp kakvX taJeIfn a\pjy_ԧ AIbntep \onsmncnpp. Cu AI Ahs\ \nwKXbntep \bnpp. lnn kwKoXn \mw tIġpXpt]mse: "kvt\lnX kvt\lnX\mXmbn, kvt\lw kvt\lamXmbn, Cu temIns hgnmcbn Rm GI\mbn.' Cs\bp k`fn hoWp t]mImsX \s Xmn \npXv ssZhkmnyw am{XamWv. PohnXn A`napJoIcntn hcp hncpXIfpw AIIfpw {InbmXvaIambn t\cnSptmgmWv kwkvImc krnsSpXv.

cmaXmbn, \psS {isb Wnp DWns Xew ]{mw hmIyn Dsmp BibamWv. "Ah AhtcmSp: Fsd \nanw Cu henb tIm \nġp Xnbncnpp Fp Rm Adnbpp Fp ]dp.' (tbm\m 1:12) tbm\m Xs bm{Xbn BsI Dcphn aqp hmNIfn cmas hmNIamWv CXv. \s tImcncnnp Hcp hmNIamWv CX.v Hcp Iense bm{Xm apgph Hcp Crisis A`napJoIcnpp. B {]Xnknbn tbm\m{]hmNI AXns ]q DchmZnw GsSppp. ssZhns {]hmNI F \nebn tbm\m AXn\p {]Xnhn[nbpw ]dpsImSppp. Cs kapln Ipw GsSpm Bcpw Xmd. \n ktlmZc FhnsS Fp Imbot\mSp tNmZntm, Imbo ssZhtmSv adptNmZyw tNmZnpp, "Rm Fs ktlmZcs Imhmct\m?', Fv. Fm tbm\m Xs ]cnanXnIsf Xncndnp. Ahs IpdhpIsf Ah kmnp. Xs sXpIsf Ah Gp]dp. ssZhkn[nbn \psS sXpIsfpdnp Aht_m[amWv DWns karamb Hcp Xew.

hnip ambn FgpXnb kphntijw ]Xn\mw Aymbn Xs aIġp thn tIWt]np Hcp I\m\ykv{Xosbpdnv \mw hmbnpp. Imhv AhtfmSv Hcp hmpw Dcw ]dbpn. injym \nntm Imhv, afpsS Aw FSpp \mbvpnIġp CpsImSppXp \ Fp Dcw ]dp. Imhns Cu s]cpamnepw kwkmcnepw a\ws\mv Ah ]nncnbpn. Ah Xs ]cnanXnIsf Xncndnp, Imhv ]dXv kXnpp. AXpsImmWv Ah ]dXv: "AtX, Imth, \mbvpnIfpw DSbhcpsS taibn \np hogp \pdppI Xnpptm' Fp. Cu XncndnhnemWv, "kv{Xosb \ns hnizmkw henbXv \ns B{Klw t]mse \Ss' Fp ]dv Ahsf A\p{KlnXv. Imhv AhfpsS hnizmks {]iwknXv. Npmcsbpw ]coisbpw {]m\bnepw Imhv CXpXsbmWv ]TnnpXv. ]coi {]mnsXmsbpw icnbmbncnmw. Fm Hcp hmNIn Ah kzbw Xncndnn. "Cu Npmcs\tmse BImXn\m Rm \ns kvXpXnpp' FmWv ]coi {]mnXv. Fm Npmc\mIs Xs IpdhpIsf Xncndnv kztp t\mphm t]mepw a\phcmsX Imth ]m]nbmb FtmSp IcpWbpmIWta Fp {]mnp. Ah \oXn e`nh\mbn hontep aSntmbn.

tbip{InkvXphns t\Z\w e`nv AtmkveXzntep ]SnIbdnb hnip ]utemkv olm Xs t]mcmbvaIsf a\nemnsmp ]dbpp, "Atm Rm Acna\pjy' Fv. ssZhkn[nbn \mw ASpp hcptm \psS IpdhpIsf \mw AdnbWw, ssZhkn[nbn Ahsb Gp]dbWw. \psS PohnXw ssZhns Zm\amWv. \app e`nncnpsXmsbpw ssZhns Zm\amWv. Cu XncndnhmWv \psS t]mcmbvaIsf a\nemphm \s \bnpXv.

aqmaXmbn, tbm\m Xs klbm{XnItcmSp ]d hmNIw: "Fs FSpp kap{Zn CpIfhn; Atm kap{Zw ASpw.' (1:12) klbm{XnIt]mepw Nnnnnm lrZbkv]inbmb hmpIfmWv tbm\m ]dbpXv. ssZhns {]hmNI\mb tbm\m ChnsS ]dbpXv henb Hcp {]hN\ambncpp. btlmhbpsS I\Isf IqmmsX Xiointep HmSntmb tbm\m Xs Pohs\ Ctm `bsSpn. DWns almb asmcp kz`mhamWv CXv, X\nv s\mcapmpsXnepw A\ycpsS \bvpw kpcnXXzn\pw Bhiyamb Imcyfn klIcnpI. Xs cnphm ssZhw IcpXnbnpsv tbm\ Hcnepw {]Xonncpn. Fm tbm\sb hngpphm ssZhw Hcp ays Inmnbncpp.

Bob DWns almb aqp XefmWv tbm\m Xs aqp hmNIfn \npw \s ]TnnpXv. PohnXbm{Xbn sshcpyfpsS \Sphn bmYmysf bmYmyfmbn ImWphm\pw X Bbncnp Ahbn Ddp \nphm\pw tbm\m \apv {]tNmZ\w \Ipp.


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