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ARTICLE - MALAYALAM

ECUMENISM: A NEW LIFE STYLE OF HUMAN RELATION
FIypsa\nkw: am\pjnI ka`mh\m hoWw

By H.H. BASELIOS MARTHOMA MATHEWS III
[Key Message Delivered During Ecumenical Meeting of Maramon Convention 2022]

sFIypsa\nkns hnhn[ hitfbpw eytfbpw Ipdnpw AXv {]mhnIampXns {]knsbnbpw A`nhy am XntbmtUmjykv amtmm sa{Xmtmen ]dp\nnb hmIyn \npamWv Rm XpSphm B{KlnpXvv. Xncpta\n ]dX;v AXnYn sXmgnemfnI \psS ktlmZcm BWv FpXmWv. F{Xtbm DXamb Hcp hoWamWv AXv. Ahscmw hnhn[ kwm\fn \npw D]Poh\mw hncnphcmWv. Ah {InkvXym\nItfm \psS `mj kwkmcnphtcm A. Ahsc ktlmZcfmbn ImWphm\p kmeuIoIamb hoWw sFIypsa\bpsS Ghpw t{ijvTamb BibamsWXn\v kwiban. aX aXnspIġpdw a\pjysc ssZhn Hcpannv tNv ]nSnv ZinpXmb am\h kwkvImcw DsmpXmWv sFIypsas\ Fp ]dbpXv Fv vXncpta\n \sf t_mysSppIbmWv DmbXv.

hnip thZ]pkvXInse Nne hmIysf ASnm\sSpn sFIypan\kns ssien FmsWp am{Xw Npcpnb kabn ]dbphm\mbnp BWv _elo\\mb \mw B{KlnpXv. AXv hnip ambn olm FgpXnb kphntijns Ggmw Aymbw ]{mw hmIyw BWv. \apv kp]cnNnXamb thZ`mKamWv. AtX thZhmIyw hnip eqtmkns kphntijw Bdmw Aymbw apnsbmmw hmIynepw \mw ImWpp. "a\pjy \nġp sNtWw Fp \n CnpXp Hsbpw \n Ahpw sNbvho; \ymb{]amWhpw {]hmNImcpw CXp Xt.' (hnip ambn 7:12) "a\pjy \nġp sNtWw Fp \n CnpXp t]mse Xt Ahpw sNbvhn.' (hnip epsmkv 6:31) Imhmb tbip{InkvXphns Cu D]tZiw Hcp km euInI {][m\yap Hcp ]mTamWv. AhnsS {][m\ambn {]t_m[nnpXv \nfpsS ktlmZcsftm {InkvXym\nIsftm Dtinn. a\pjyscp ]dbp ssZhns krjvSnbnep Fmhscpdnpw DtinmWv. AXmWv sFIpsas\bpsS kmeuInI hoWw. AXv \apv t_myamIp coXnbn D hmpI Fs\bmWv bmYmyamphm IgnbpXv Fv Nnnt Hcp kabamWv CXv Fv Rm IcpXpp.

Cu thZ`mKspdnv thZ]pkvXI ]TnXm hniZambn ]TnXn\ptijw ]dbp Hcp Imcyapv. This is the golden rule of Christianity FXmWv AXv. asmcnSv ]dbpXv: This is the everest of ethics FmWv. tbiphns Hcp kph \nbaw. [imkv{Xns sImSpapSn. k a\pjytcbpw Hcp hoSns Dnep ka`mh\bp hoWns NnbmWv tbip ]dbpXv. AXpsImmWv kcpw CXns\ Imhns ]X {]kwKns DpwK t{iWnbnse {iotImhn Fv ]dbpXv.

blpZmcptSbpw ap aXfptSbpw Zmi\nI hoWn a\pjys PohnXssienbn aphcpambp _w Dunbpdnp At\I sNdnb hmIy Dv. blqZmcpsS lnt F Hcp dmn: AtltmSv Hcp a\pjy tNmZnp \ymb{]amWns cXv\pcpw FmWv? Atlw ]dbpp: \n\v shdpp tXmp {]hn BtcmSpw sNcpXv. CXmWv \ymb{]amW cXv\pcpw. Hcp Negetive Emphasis Asn Negetive Approach BWv \mw ChnsS ImWpXv. CXp XsbmWv km[mcW aXfnsemw \mw ImWpXv. ]gb\nbanse tXm_nns ]pkvXIn \memw Aymbns ]Xn\mw hmIyn ]dbpp; What you yourself hate do not do to any one. \o shdpp {]hn BtcmSpw sNcpXv Fp ]dbpXv blqZt\mSv sNcpsXpw aphtcmSv BImsapw A. BtcmSpw sNcpsXp ]dm HcptcmSpw sNcpXv. Hcp Negetive approach BWv \mw ChnsSbpw ImWpXv. Fenbmk Fp ]dbp Hcp blqZ dm_ntbmSv tNmZnp; Fs IqpImc\pambp klhnXzns ASnm\ \nbaw FmWv? Atlw ]d Dcw: The honor of thy friend be as dear unto thee as thine own. \ns kvt\lnXs _lpaXn \n\pXpt]mse Bbncns. AXn Hcp Ipdhpw hcpcpXv. \ns kvt\lnX\mbncnph \n\v Fp _lpaXn Xcppthm AXpt]mse BbncnWw Aht\mSpw sNtXv.

CXv Xs \ ko\nepw hmbnppv: "\mhpsImp Ipcf ]dbmsXbpw Xsd IqpImct\mSp tZmjw sNmsXbpw IqpImc\p A]am\w hcpmsXbpw Ccnph;' (ko\ 15:3) As\ sNph\mWv btlmhbpsS IqSmcn hknpXv. btlmhbpsS hnip ]Xn ]mpXv BcmsWmWv ko\mc ChnsS ]dbpXv. AXp hmp sImtm {]hnsImtm a\nse NnsImtmt]mepw IqpImc\v A]am\w hcpcpXv. I^yqjykns Hcp injy\mbncp B AtltmSv tNmZnp BcmWv Fs kvt\lnX? B kvt\lnXt\mSv Fs kao]\w FmbncnWw? a\pjyhs apgph\mbn DsmpsImp Hcp tNmZyamWv CXv. tNmZyw C{]ImcamWv. Is there one word which may serve as the rule of practice for all one's life? a\pjy PohnXssienv GIamb Hcp {]amWw FmWv? I^yqjykv AXn\p adp]Sn ]dbpXv C{]ImcamWv: What ever you do not want to be done to yourself should not be done to others. \ntmSv Bcpw sNcpsXv \o B{KlnpXv \o BtcmSpw sNcpXv.

CXp XsbmWv, AXns An Ctkm{Ikv ( Isocrates, the great ancient Greek rhetorician ) Fp t]cp {Kop hmKvan ]dnpXv. Do not do to others the things which make you angry when you experience them in hands of others. Ctkm{Ikv ASna k{Zmbtbpw ASna hym]mctbpw FXn Bfmbncpp. Atlw Xs kvt\lnXtcmSv ]dbp Hcp ImcyamWv. ASnaIsf D]{Zhnp Hcp ImeLambncpp AXv. \o CsSm IX Bpw hcm \o B{KlncpXv. Bcpw CsSm Hcp IXbmWv ASnaw. a\pjyscmhcpw ssZhns krnbmWv ]nXmhmb ssZhw krn a\pjyscmhcpw ktlmZcfmWv. B ktlmZcfn thXncnhv hcppXv \psS _elo\XbmWv. B _elo\Xbvv AXoXambn hfcphm \app IgnbWw. B hoWnepw ImgvNmSnepamWv AYnXn sXmgnemfnIsf ktlmZcfmbn ImWphm \apv km[npXv. Ahscpdnv \psS a\n Dmtbmhp A[a Nnbpw bPam\ at\m`mhhpw amn Ahsc kvt\lnWsamWv tbip \s ]TnnpXv.

kvtmbnIvkv ( Stoics ) Fp ]dbp Zmi\nI kaqlw \Inbncp ASnm\ {]amWw: What you should not wish to be done to you, do not do towards anyone else. alm\mb AeIvkm N{Ihn Atlns Aca\bpsS `nnbn Cu hmIyw adpt]mImsX Fpw Hmnm FgpXn shncpp. Aca\bn \nv Cdptmgpw Ibdptmgpw hmbntmntXn\p thnbmbncpp AXv. sslh XXzfnepw _p D]tZifnepw CXp Xs ]dbppv. Bdv imkv{Xfpw ka{Kambn FgpXnbncnp \oXnkmcw ( Essence of Morality/A treatise on ethics ) FdnbsSp [mnI PohnXn\p aqea{ kamlmcnse cmas tmIw C{]ImcamWv:

{iqbXmw [kkzw
{ipXzm ssNh hnNmcyXmw
B\: {]XnIqem\n
]tcjmw \ kamNtcXv.

[ns kmckkzs ]dbmw. AXp {ihnnv AXns\pdnv hnNmcnmepw. Ah\h\v hntcm[ap Imcysf A\ytcmSpw BNcncpXv.

sFIypsas\bneq a\pjy_ԧpsS PohnXssien Hcp s\Kohv kao]\n Negetive approach BWv Chscmw ]dbpXv. AcpXv, AcpXv, AcpXv. ]p Iev]\Ifnepw AcpXv, AcpXv FmWv ]dbpXv. Fm Imhmb tbip{InkvXp ]dbpXv AcpXv FpX; Fp sNWsaXmWv. \ntjImI kao]\w Negetive approach . FXv Ftmgpw \psS PohnXw kpcnXambn \ne\nm\p D]m[nbmWv. sNmXncnpI FfpamWv. AXv aX]ctam []ctam Bb Hcp Imcya. tIhew a\pjycminbpsS \ne\nn\pthnbp Hcp kmaqlnI \nbaw am{XamWv. Fm tbip{InkvXp ]dbpXv a\pjycmin apgph\pw PmXnaXt`Zsas\y Fp sNWw FXmWv. AXmWv Hcp \nnXamb ]v (Positive Role) Fp ]dbpXv. \ntj[np kao]\w ( negetive approach ) \nbaw A\pimknpXmWv. Fm tbip{InkvXphns, "Fp sNWw' F DZvt_m[\ns ASnm\w \nbaa, kvt\lamWv.

kvt\lw ASnm\amnsbn am{Xsa sNtXv sNphm km[nbpp. aphsc D]{ZhncpXv FXnt\m aphv Fm IgnbpsXmw sNbvXpsImSppI FXmWv kvt\lw \s \nnpXv. F\nv BcptSbpw Hpw th; Rm Bpw Hpw sImSppIbpan. Rm Btcbpw D]{Zhnpn; Bcpw Ftbpw D]{ZhncpXv. CXv \ Hcp Bibambn ]etmgpw \apv tXmmdpv. AXv A\phnt Hcp \nbaw am{XamWv. DZmlcWambn \mw hntbmSnp t]mIptm A]ISw Hpw DmmsX, Bpw ieyapmmsX HmSnWsaXv \nbaamWv. Fm B kabv A]ISn apdnthv AicW\mbn hgnbn InSp Hcp a\pjys\ hnbn Ibn Bip]{Xnbn FnpXv kvt\lapsnte \SpIbpp. AXv \nbaw A\pimknp Hcp _myXb. F\npXmb kztm hkvXptfm F\np e`np iftam Bpw sImSptXmb \nba]camb _myXbn. Fm \ns ktlmZcs\ \nstmse kvt\lnWsav ]dbptm \appsXmsbpw ktlmc\p ]p shbvphm \nbaw A\pimknpnsnepw kvt\lw A\pimknpp.

\memw \qmnse k`m]nXmhmbncp ssIkcybnse hnip _tkentbmkv kaql k\ymkn\v ASnd ]mInb ]nXmhmWv. k\ymknI Hcpanv Xmaknv Hcpanv `Ww Ignv Hcpanv Bcm[npXmb Hcp kaql k\ymk {]m\w. As Imev [mcmfamb Irjnefpmbncpp. AhnsS k\ymknI Xs Irjn sNbvXmWv Ah D]Poh\w IgnncpXv. Fm skv t_kn sNbvXXv sXmSpp {Kmafn t]mbn FhnsSsbmw ]mhs BfpI Xmaknpptm AhnSfn Bcpw BhiysSmsX Iqensbmpw hmmsX kuP\yambn Irjn sNbvXv hnfshSpv Ahv sImSpncpp.

sFIypsas\ bmYmyamIWsan XymKw ( Sacrfice ) A\nhmcyamWv. PohnXns henb Hcp {]amWamWv AXv. Imbnse sXcphoYnIfn Bcpw {insSmsX InS IpjvTtcmKw ]nSn Ippsf {inphm kzw PohnXw sacrifice sNbvX aZ sXsck Fmhpw Da amXrIbmWv. aZdns {]hnI `mcXns Hcp kwkvImcambn amdn. Akoknbnse {^mknkv Dcphnncp Hcp {]m\ C{]ImcamWv. kvt\lnsSpXnt\m kvt\lnpXn\pw, a\nemsSpXnt\m a\nempXn\pw, BizknsSpXnt\m BizknnpXn\pw, F\nv CSbmIWsa. Imhv ]d AtX hmpIfn \nv Dcpncnbp hmNIfmWv Chsbmw. Rm ip{iqjnsSphm\ ip{iqjnphm\pw At\Iv thn Pohs\ adphnebmbn sImSpphm\pambnmWv hncnpXv. hnip ]utemkns {]kwKn Imhns Cu hN\w Dun ]dbppv. "Cs\ {]bXv\w sNbvXp {]m]vXnbnmhsc klmbnbpw, hmpXns\m sImSppXp `mKyw Fp Imhmb tbip Xm ]d hmp Hmp sImIbpw thXp Fp Rm Fmw sImpw \nġp Zrmw ImWnncnpp.' (Asm: {]hrnI 20:35) hgnbn InSp InnbtXm, \n[n IpgnsSpp InnbtXm am{Xw kw`mh\ sNphm\ Imhv ]dbpXv. \ns {]bXv\w sImv DmpsXmw, \n\p e`npsXmw Bhiymc\p IqSn ]p shWsamWv Imhv ]TnnpXv.

\nstmse \ns ktlmZct\bpw kvt\ln F ssZhI\ {]mhnIamptmgmWv ssZhw Dtinp sFIpsas\ Asn ssZh`h\w kw`mhyamIpXv. sbcntlmbnse hgnbcnIn apdnthpInS a\pjys\ ip{iqjnWsav Hcp \nbahpw ]dbpn FXpsImv \ymb{]amW ]nXcmb tehy\pw ]ptcmlnX\pw ISpt]msbnepw \ymb{]amW ]cnm\anm iacnbmmc Xs ktlmZct\mSp kvt\lns \nԯm kzbw e`nWsav B{KlnXv Ah\p sNbvXpsImSpp. CXmWv FIypsa\nkns bYmhpw {]mhnIhpamb s]mcp. ssZhw \s Ghtcbpw A\p{Klns.

[Original in Vocal Malayalam. Transcribed and edited by Editor Dr. Rajan Mathew]
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