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SEPTEMBER 2007 ARTICLE - MALAYALAM
VOL:6 ISSUE:09

HOLY EUCHARIST IN THE LIGHT OF NEW TESTAMENT
hnip Ipm\ ]pXnb\nba shfnn

By REV. FR. T. J. JOSHUA
(Professor, Orthodox Theological Seminary, Kottayam)
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Rm Imhn \np {]m]nbpw \nġp Gev]nbpw sNbvXXp Fsm: Imhmb tbiphns\ ImWnpsImSp cm{Xnbn Ah Aw FSpp kvtXm{Xw sNmn \pdpn: CXp \nġp thnbp Fsd icocw; Fsd Hmmbn CXp sNbvhn Fp ]dp. kvtXm{Xw sNmn \pdpn: CXp \nġp thnbp Fsd icocw; Fsd Hmmbn CXp sNbvhn Fp ]dp. AƮw Xt Amgw Igntijw Ah ]m\]m{Xhpw FSpp; Cu ]m\]m{Xw Fsd cn ]pXnb\nbaw BIpp; CXp IpSnptmsgmsbpw Fsd Hmmbn sNbvhn Fp ]dp. (1 sImcny 11:2325)

]pXnb\nbaw cq]w {]m]n AsmkvXenI k`bn Ipm\m\pjvTm\w Hcp kPoh bmYmyambncpp. AXn\m Ipm\sbpdnp {]Xyamtbm ]tcmamtbm D ]cmai ]pXnb\nba]pkvXIfnepv. Ime{Iaw A\pkcnp {]Yaambn ]cnKWntXp ]utemkns IpIfmWv.

  1. ]utemkns A\pimk\w:
    hnip Ipm\m]\snbp Gw ]pcmX\amb tcJ ]utemkntXmWv. kphntij cNnsXv AXn\ptijw am{Xambncpp. Ipm\m]\n\p ZrIvkmn AmXncp ]utemkn\v AtX kw_np hnhcw FhnsS\np e`np? "Rm Ihn\np {]m]npIbpw \nġp Gev]nbpw sNbvXXv' (1sImcn. 11:23) Fp ]dbppsnepw, sbcpiteanse k`bn\ntm AtymJymbnse k`bn\ntm ]utemkn\p e`nXmIWw B ]mccyw. "Imhn\np {]m]np' FXpsImp Imhp t\cnp shfnsSpnsmSpp Fv AamtXn. DnX\mb Imhp k`bn hknpsImp k`m kaqlnqSn ]utemkn\p shfnsSpn sImSppIbmbncpp.

    Ipm\sb kw_nv sImcny teJ\n ]cmainm\nSbmbXv B k`bnse \pgpIbdnb Nne Zpjv{]hWXIsf Xncpphm\pw imknphm\pw thnbmWv. AhnsS \SamSnb `nXbpw tNcnXncnhpIfpw AhcpsS Bcm[\m ktf\fnepw {]Xn^enpIbpmbn. AsXn t{_mImw F ]nX ]dbpXv Amgw FXp k`bnse tNcnXncnhpIfpsS Hcp `bm\I {]Zi\ambn A[x]Xnp, CtXn ]utemkv Ahp apdnbnp \In, CXp \ IqSpX Xnt D]Icnq. (1 sImcn. 11:17). AhcpsS `nXaqew Ipm\bpsS kmaqly kz`mhw Ah \innpIbmbncpp.

    FpsImmWp sImcny B hn[n {]hnphm CSbmbXv? IqZmibvv Hcp amkvac inbpXmbn Ah IcpXn AXn ]sSppIbmbncppthm? acnhpthn amtamZokm Fphm Ahcn Nne apXnXv B NnsImmbncnmw (1 sImcn.15:29). hn{Klmcm[\bntem, ssewKnI XnIfntem apgpInbmepw amtamZokmbpw Ipm\bpw XfpsS cbvp XpdppNombnpsp Ah NnnnpmImWw. CXns\Xncmbn ]utemkv Ahp apdnbnp \Ipp: ktlmZcmtc, \psS ]nXmm Fmhcpw...taLnepw kap{Znepw kv\m\w Gp tamitbmSp tNp. Fmhcpw Htc BoImlmcw Xnp; Fmhcpw Htc BoI ]m\obw IpSnp....Fnepw Ah ant]cnepw ssZhw {]kmZnn......CXp \app Zrmambn kw`hnp...(10:112).

    Ipm\sbn icnbmb t_m[w sImcnycnepWphm ]utemkv Ipm\m]\sn hnhcnpp (11:2326). Imhmb tbiphns\ HnsmSp cm{Xnbn (11:23) Ipm\m]nXmbn hyampp. Ipm\bpsS Ncn{X]camb kXyw A\ntj[yambn shfnsSppIbmWv Cu {]kvXmh\bn IqSn sNpXv. Imhns Adkvn\p sXmpapmbncpp Amgw \SnbXv F hkvXpX ChnsS ImWmw.

    Ipm\sb kw_np hnhcWn \mep {InbI {]tbmKnncnpp: FSpp, hmgvn, \pdpn (apdnp), sImSpp. Cu {InbI kahoW kphntijfn Ipm\m]\sn {]Xn]mZnp `mKfnepw {]XysSpp. (ambn. 26:26; atmkv. 14:22; eqtmkv. 22:19) \mep hnhcWġpw s]mXpLSIambn ImWp Cu {InbIsfn Pdanbmkv ]dbpXv: Amgn\p app taibvp Nppapmbncp {]kmZmIXsb Ipdnp kmtXnI]ZfmIpp Ah. Imhns Amgn imnbpw kulrZhpw kmtlmZcyhpw \ndp\np. B ]menemWp Ipm\m\pjvTm\w Ftmgpw \StXv.

    CsXs icocamIpp. (ambn. 26:26) Fv Aw BiohZnp sImp ]dtm B hmn\p IuZminIm\pcq]yapv. Fm B B\pcq]yw Imhns {IqinX icoctmtSm, alXzoIrX icoctmtSm F tNmZyapZnmw. AXn\p Dcw cpamsWmWv. CXp \nġpthnbp icocw Fp ]dbpXp {]tXyI {iblnpp. Ipm\bpsS _enkz`mhw AXp {]kv]ampIbmWv.

    ]m\]m{Xw BiohZnpsImp ]dXv: CXv Fs cn ]pXnb\nbaw BIpp FmWv. ChnsS \nbaw FXns aqe]Zn\p (Ubmos) acW]{XnI F Aw FSpp ]w, Imhns cw (Imhdnbn sNmcnbpXns apIpdnbmb ]m\]m{Xw) ]pXnb DSSn Ddmp D]m[nbmsWp ImWmw. Hcp ]pXnb DSSn DmpXns\n bncaym{]hmNI apta kqNnnncpXmWv (31:31) ]gb DSSn (ko\mbv aebn hp \SnbXv). IpmSns cw Xfnp DdmnbXpt]mse, ]pXnb DSSn {InkvXphmIp ssZhIpmSns cw HgpnbmWv DdmnbXv. ]gbXpw ]pXnbXpamb DSSnIfpsS sshcpymIX hniZamp `mKw {itbamWv (2 sImcn. 3:614). ]pXnb DSSnbpsS ASnm\w enJnX\nbaa, {]XypX BmhmWv; Fsm enJnX\nbaw sImpp. Bmhp Pohnnpp. ]pXnb DSSn Fs cnemWv, Fp Imhp ]dbptm Ipm\p bmK]camb Hcw AhnSpp I]npIbmbncpp.

    Fs Hmmbn CXp sNphn (1 sImcny 11:24) Cu ]m\]m{Xw Fsd cn ]pXnb\nbaw BIpp; CXp IpSnptmsgmsbpw Fsd Hmmbn sNbvhn Fp ]dp. (1 sImcny 11:25) Fv Bh\n\mbp I\ Imhmb tbip Iqntp. CXp ]utemknsbpw eqtmknsbpw hnhcWfn am{Xta ImWppp. A\pkvacWw FXns {Kop]Zw "A\av\oknkv' FmWv. Cu ]Zw ]utemkns IpIfn aspw \mw ImWpn. `qXIme kw`hs ham\Imen A\p`hthZyampXt{X AXn ASnbncnpXv. FmWv A\pkvacWn\p hnjbw? tbip{InkvXp Xs. AhnSps acWw AYhm {InkvXp kw`hw [Christ-Event] BWp Ipm\bn A\pkvacnsSpXv. AXmbXp Ipm\hgn ss{IkvXh {InkvXphns cmIcacWw Hcp A\pZn\ bmYmyambn amWw. acWw am{Xa, ]p\cmKa\whsc AhnSps DmcWhpw kzmtcmlWhpw {]Jym]nbpw thWw. Ipm\bn tbip{InkvXphns cmIc {]h\s ham\w BpIbmWv.

    {InkvXphns icocc AtbmKyambn kzoIcnm AXp IpIcambnocpp: tcmKImcWambn ]cnWanpp. icoccsf icnbmbn hnthNndnv HcptmsS Ah A\p`hnWsamWv ]utemkv A\pimknpXv.

    sImcnnse asmcp {]iv\w hn{Klmcm[\ Bbncpp. hnizmknIfn A[nIw t]cpw hnPmXnbcn \np hhcmWv. Ah hn{Klw hnIeWsamWv ]utemkns D]tZiw (10:1415). FpsImv Hcp hnizmkn hn{Klmcm[\bn\npw AIp\nWsap ]utemkv hniZoIcnpp. \mw A\p{Klnp A\p{Kl]m{Xw {InkvXphns cns Iqmbvabsbm? \mw \pdpp Aw {InkvXphns icocns Iqmbvabsbm? (1sImcn. 10: 1617). ChnsS Bhnsncnp "Iqmbva' (sImbvt\mWnb {Kov) F ]Zns Aw \mw {KlntXpv. ]pshbv, kwkw, klhnXzw, `mK`mKnXzw Fsmw Aw \Imw. Fm {Kop aXfn a\pjycpw tZhmcpw Xnep _spdnphm Cu ]Z{]tbmKw km[mcWambncpp.

    ]utemkv ]dbpp _enhkvXp `nph _en]oTn ]pImcmIpp. C{]Imcw hnPmXnbcpsS _enhkvXpfn ]pImcmIptXmsS ]nimNns kwkn s]pt]mIpp. Fm {InkvXphns icoccfn ]mfnIfmIptXmSpIqSn hnizmknI {InkvXphns Iqmbvabn BbnocpIbmWv. GI Aamb {InkvXphgn ss{IkvXh ]ckv]cw sFIysSpIbpw sNpp. C{]Imcw DfhmIp sFIyt_m[hpw, IqmbvabpsS A\p`hhpw Ahsc hnPmXobcpsS _enhkvXpfn ]ptNcpXn\npw AIn \nWw.

    {InkvXob s]klm Bbn Ipm\sb ]utemkv IcpXn Fp ImWmw. "]gb ]pfnamhns\ \onfhn. \psS s]klpmSpw Adpsncnpp; {InkvXp Xt. BIbm \mw ]gb ]pfnamhpsIm, Xnbpw ZpXbpw Bb ]pfnamhpsImpa, kzXbpw kXyhpamb ]pfnnmbvasImp Xt Dhw BNcn.' (1 sImcny 5:78). Zphrnbn\npw Hgnncnm Blzm\w sNptm AXn\p ImcWambn ]dbpXv {InkvXob s]klbmIp Ipm\bnse ]mfnamWv.

  2. AtmkvXe {]hrnIfnse ]cmaiw:
    BZna ss{IkvXh k`m kaqlns PohnXspdnv ka{Kamb Hcp hnhcWw eqtmkv \Ippv. Ah AsmkvXemcpsS D]tZiw tIpw Iqmbva BNcnpw Aw \pdpnbpw {]m\ Ignpw t]mp. (Asm: {]hrnI 2:42) Aw \pdppXnepw {]m\ \SpXnepw D IqmbvasbpdnmWv ChnsS ]dbpXv. Aw \pdp FXv Ipm\m\pjvTm\s kqNnnpp. B t]cpmbXv Ipm\bnse {][m\ Iamb Aw \pdpen \nmWv. ]gb\nban "Aw apdnpI' FXn\v Hcp bmK]meapmbncpp (tehym. 2:6; 6:21 XmcXaysSppI).

    Aw apdnen ]psIm hnizmknI A\nhN\obamb B\w A\p`hnXmbn ]dbpp (hm. 46). km[mcW `Ww Ignptm e`np kwXr]vXnb ChnsS hnhnpXv; ssZhkwkw A\p`hnpXn \npfhmIp B\m\p`qXnbmWv. k`m kaqlw kt\lepw sFIynepw, kmtlmZcyXznepw XpScphm Ahsc klmbn LSIw Ipm\m\p`hambncpp.

    Aw apdnens asmcp ]cmaihpw ImWmw. (Asm. {]. 20:7). ]utemkns anj\dnbm{Xbn t{Xmhmkn Fn AhnSps k`m kaqls Atlw kinp. AhnsSshp Aw apdn \SnbXmbn ]dbpp. B hnhcWn\npw e`np kXy:

    (1) AsXmcp RmbdmgvNbmbncpp.
    (2) Ap HcpanpIqSnbXpXs Aw apdnphm AYhm Ipm\ A\pjvTnphm\mbncpp.
    (3) Ah ktfnXv cm{XnbnemWv.
    (4) hN\ ip{iqjbpw AtXmsSmnpmbncpp. BZna ss{IkvXhcpsS PohnXn Ipm\v A\\yamb Hcp m\apmbncpp FmWv AtmkvXe {]hrnIfn\np a\nemIpXv.

  3. tbmlms kmyw:
    Ipm\m]\w tbmlms kphntijn hnpIfncnpp. Amgkabp \S ]mZmf\w am{Xta tbmlm hnhcnppp. Fm Aw sImv henb ]pcpjmcs Xr]vXnsSpp kw`hhpw AtXXpSp kzn \np Poh \Ip Asn kpZoLambn {]Xn]mZnpXpw Ipm\tbmS\p_sSpnbmsX a\nemphm kmya. (Bdmw Aymbw ImWpI). tbip{InkvXp Ipm\ m]nXpw, hnip k` AXp XpSp A\pjvTnpt]mcpXpamb ]men am{Xta Bdmw Aymbnse hnhcW {Klnm Ignbq.

    kw`hnsbpw kw`mjWnsbpw ]mew:
    blqZmcpsS s]klm Bkamb kabmWv ApXw \SpXv. (6:3) XpSp kw`mjWw \SpXv Ilqanse kptKmKnshpw. B k`n kptKmKnse hmb\p thZ`mKw amsb IpdnpXmbncpp. (]pdmSv 16: kwJym]pkvXIw 11) AXv kzob amsbpdnv, Poh\p Aspdnv D]tZinphm Ghpw A\ptbmPyamb ]meambn tbip Ip.

    ApX{]hrnbpsS hnhcWw:
    ]pcpjmcs ApXIcambn t]mjnn kw`h hnhcWw, Ipm\ m]\snbp hnhcWtmSp km[yw ]pepp.]ns tbip Aw FSpp hmgvn, Ccphp ]npsImSpp. (tbmlm 6:11) Ipm\ m]\sn, ]ns Ah Aw FSpp kvtXm{Xw sNbvXv apdnv Ahp sImSppsImv AcpsNbvXp: (eqtmkv 22:19) ApX hnhcWn tbmlm sNbvXnp Hcp khntijX {itbamWv. Ay Amgnsetmse kvtXm{Xw sNbvXtijw AjWw tbipXs hnXcWw sNpXmbn ]dbpp. P\fpsS kwJy t\mptm tbip Xs hnXcWw sNpI kzm`mhnIa.injym hgn BbncnWw sImSpXv. Fm tbmlm hcpnb amw Ipm\tbmSp kmayw shfnsSppXmbncnWw. Ay Amgnse {]hrnbpw, Aw hnnp sImSp kw`hhpw Xn Hcp henb _w BZyIme kphntij tLmjWfnXs shfnsSpnbncnWw.

    Pohs Aspdnp kw`mjWw:
    Aw hnnXns ]men Pohs Antep P\fpsS {i Wnpp. kzn \npw Cdnh Poh \Ip Asn ]dbptm Ipm\sbpdnv {]t_m[nnphm Ahkcapmbn. Cu {]`mjWs cp `mKfmbn Xncnmw. Hv: 6:35 apX 50 hscbp `mKw. cv: 6:51 apX 58 hscbp `mKw. Cu `mK Xnep hyXymkw Ip]nSnphm ]nXm {iannpv. cp `mKpw Ipm\sbn {]Xn]mZnpXmbn thWw a\nemphm. BZy`mKv tbip "Xs ASp hcnIsbtm', "Xn hnizknpIsbtm' ]dbptm cmw `mKv, "Xs `nph Ftm', "`npIbpw ]m\w sNpIbpw sNph Ftm' FmWv ]dncnpXv. cnepw kqN\ Ipm\ A\p`hw Xs.

Ipm\ hnizmktmsS `nWw. Fn am{Xta AXp Pohs Aambn A\p`hsSpIbpp. (6:40,47) ssZhns Zm\amWv hnizmksapw, AXp ssZhw \ImsX Hcph\pmIpI AkmyamsWpw Xdnp ]dbpp.

"amwkw `npI', "cw ]m\w sNpI' Fn {]tbmK blpZNnbn {]Xntj[mlamWv. AXpsImv 6:53 "\n a\pjy]p{Xs amwkw XnmsXbpw Ahs cw IpSnmsXbpw Ccpm \nfpsSbpn Poh\n' F {]kvXmh\ Ipm\bpsS An am{Xta a\nemm Ignbq. "Rm sImSpm\ncnp Atam temIns Poh\pthn Rm sImSpp amwkamIpp.' (6:51) CXn\p XpeyambnmWv kamc kphntijn, "\IsSp Fs icocamIpp' (eqtmkv 22:19) Fp ImWpXv.

Ipm\m\p`hns aqp ^e tbmlm shfnsSppp:

  1. \nXyPoh: Cu Aw Xnph Fmw Ftpw Pohnpw. (6:51) Ipm\ hgnbmbn e`np \nXyPohs\n Bhnv Cu thZ`mKv ]dbppv. (53, 54, 55 hmIy) ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw Pohnp AtX Poh\nep ]mfnamWv Cu \nXyPoh. (6:57)

  2. sFIyw: Fs amwkw `npIbpw Fs cw IpSnbpw sNph Fnepw Rm Ah\nepw hknpp. (6:56) CXpaqew kPohamb Hcp sFIyw kmyambnocpp. ]nXmhpw ]p{X\pw Xnep _w ]p{X\pw {InkvXym\nbpw Xnep PohnXntep {]kcnsSpp. {InkvXphnt\mSp sFIyn am{Xta Hcp hnizmknp ^ew Imbnphm km[nq.

  3. Dm\w: Fs amwkw `npIbpw Fs cw IpSnpbpw sNph\p \nXyPoh\pv. Ahkm\ Znhkn Rm Ahs\ Dbnpw. (6:54) cp Imcy Cu hmIyn ]dbpp. Ipm\ A\p`hnph\p Cln \nXyPoh\pv. Ahkm\n Imhmb tbip Ahs\ Dbnbpw sNpw. bpKmympJamb Hcp hmKvZm\hpw {]Xobpw ChnsS ImWmw. Ipm\ \psS ]p\cpm\ns DdmWv.

D]kwlmcw:
]pXnb\nban Ipm\sbn {]Xyambn ]cmainnp `mKfmWv \mw ]cntim[nXv. kahoW kphntijfnteXp {]tXyIw ]cnKWnmXv AhbnephXs hnip ]utemkns InepXpsImmWv. Hcp Imcyw hyamWv. BZnak`bpsS PohnXnepw hnizmknepw hnip Ipm\p ]caamb {]m[m\yw \Inbncnpp. Fmepap k`mPohnXn\p AXp t{]cIambncntXmWv.

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