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APRIL 2006 ARTICLE - MALAYALAM
VOL:5 ISSUE:04

INFANT BAPTISM ACCEPTABLE OR FORBIDDEN? [A STUDY]
inipkv\m\w sImttXm XttXm? (Hcp ]T\w)

By MAR BASALIOS MARTHOMA MATHEWS II
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Imhns ]ckyip{iqjthfbnepw XpSp AtmkvtXmenI Imepw AXn\ptijhpw "inipkv\m\w' Imcyamb Hcp hnhmZhnjbtam {]iv\tam Bbncpn. Ctm CsXmcp ko {]iv\ambn Xoncnpp. AtmkvtXmenI Imepw XpSpw hnizmknI IpSpw_ambn k`bntep hcptm apXnhpw inipġpw Hcpt]mse amtamZokm AYhm kv\m\w \In k`tbmSp tNncpp. inipsf sImphcptm AhcpsS amXmthm ]nXmthm Bscnepw Hcm {InkvXym\n BbncnWsap \n_apmbncpp. Cs\bp inip "hnip' BsWmWv k` ]TnnncpXv. Ahsc ssZhIr]bnepw hnizmknepw hfnsmmsap amXm]nXm kXw sImSpbpw thWw. Fm {]mbaphp C{]Imcap D`bkXns Bhiyanmbncpp. Ahch X\nsb hv; kms\ Dt]nv Imhmb tbipainlmsb ssIsmv, kXyhnizmkw Gp ]dp; amtamZokm Gmambncpp. CXns ]nXpSbmWv Fm ]qnIk`Ifnepw CXc FnkvtImk`Ifnepw Cpw XpSphcpXv. DZmlcWambn; Fm HmtUmIvkv k`IfpsSbpw, tdma Itmen k`bpsSbpw, Bwn, ZntWy, Dtcy, eqXd, {]kv_nocnb, atmm k`IfpsSbpw kpiamb Hcp ]mccyambn Cpw \nesImpp. Cu t{ijvTamb ]mccyw thZ]pkvXIm[njvTnXa; {]kvXpX k`I sXmWv sNpXv Fp hn[npXv kXyn\p \ncmXmsWp am{Xa; Hcp ISpwssIbmWv. Cu ]men hn. amtamZoksn Hcp eLphnhcWw \Inbtijw inipkv\m\ns B[nImcnIXsbn thZ]pkvXIhpw k`m]mccyhpw tNv Nnnmsap _elo\\mb Rm Imhn icWsSpp.

amtamZok [Baptism] Hcp eLphnhcWw:
"amtamZok' [Baptism] F hmv "_m]vtm' [Bapto] F {Kop ]Zn\nv cq]w {]m]nXmWv. "_m]vtm' FXn\p kam\ambn "_m]vntkm' F ]Zhpw {Kon D]tbmKnmdpv. Chbvv ap, apgpI [To dip into], IgpI Fn AfmWpXv. "tbmlm shwsImp kv\m\w Ignnp. \ntm C\n Gsd \m Ignbpwaps ]cnipmmhp sImp kv\m\w e`npw.' (A. {]. 1:5) CXv \psS Imhv Xs injymtcmSp In kph hmIyamWv. hn. amtamZokmsb kw_nv Hcp \ hniZoIcWamWv \psS Imhv \ntmtZtamknt\mSv InpXmbn hn. tbmlm 3:112 hsc {]Xn]mZnncnpXv. CXn 3:3, 3:5 Fn hmIy Cu hnjbw kw_nv hfsc {imlamWv. "tbip Aht\mSp: Bta, Bta, Rm \ntmSp ]dbpp; ]pXpXmbn P\nn Fn ssZhcmPyw Imm Bpw IgnIbn Fp Dcw ]dp.' (tbmlm 3:3) \ntmtZtamkv Imhns\ hfsc _lpaXn]qw kvt\lnbpw BZcnbpw sNbvX hynbmWv. kzn\npw Cdnh KpcphmWv \psS Imhv Fp \ntmtZtamkv kmnpp. Imhv Am\pth (ssZhw Aht\mSp IqsSbpv) BWv. AXpsImmWv Cu ApX {]hnm IgnbpXv Fpw hnizknv Gp ]dbpp. (3:2) Fm tbipXpcm cp {]mhniyw BWbnp Aht\mSv Acpfn: "]pXpXmbn P\nn Fn ssZhcmPyw Imm Bpw IgnIbn.'

hn. tbmlm 3:5 \ntmtZtamkns kwibn\p \nhmcWambn Bta, Bta, Rm \ntmSp ]dbpp; "shffmepw Bmhn\mepw P\nn Fn ssZhcmPyn ISm Bpw IgnIbn.' Fv Imhv AcpsNbvXp. hn. amtamZokbpsS AXnt{ijvTamb {]m[m\yspdnpw AXneqsS Hcp hnizmknp ssIhcnmhp Bob \hcsfpdnpw \psS Imhv hfsc iambn ChnsS InncnbmWv. hn. amtamZok, hopw P\\amWv. hopw P\\neqsS ssZhamb Imhv \s ZsSpv; Ahs AhIminIfpw {InkvXphns IqhIminIfpw Bnoncnpp. (tdma 8:1417) XncphN\n\nv Nne Zrm IqSn {inq.

]. ]ueqkv olm tdmav FgpXnb teJ\w 6mw Aymbn CXp kw_nv kphyambn tcJsSpnbnpv. "tbip{InkvXphnt\mSp tNcphm kv\m\w Ghcmb \mw Fmhcpw Ahsd acWn ]mfnIfmIphm kv\m\w Gncnpp Fp \n Adnbpntbm? As\ \mw Ahsd acWn ]mfnIfmbno kv\m\m Aht\mSpIqsS IpgnnSsp; {InkvXp acnnp ]nXmhnsd alnabm PohnsgptXp t]mse \mapw Pohsd ]pXpn \StXnp Xt. Ahsd acWnsd kmZriytmSp \mw GIo`hnhcmsbn ]p\cpm\nsd kmZriytmSpw GIo`hnpw.' (tdma. 6:3-5) {InkvXphnt\mSp tNcphm kv\m\w A\nhmcyamWv. amtamZok Gptm {InkvXphnt\mSpIqsS \mw I_dSsSpIbpw Imhv ]pXpPoh\n I_dn\npw DbXpt]mse amtamZok Gpbm ]pXpPoh\n amtamZokm sXmnbn \npw ]pdtp hcnIbpamWv. BbXn\m "tbip{InkvXphn amtamZokm apgpIpp' [Baptised in Christ] Fp ]dbpXns\m "tbip{InkvXphns Dn amtamZokm apgpIpp' [Baptised into Christ] Fv ]dbpXmWv ]. ]utemkv volmbpsS ]Tnn.

Xotmkv 3:67 hmIyfn "\mw Ahsd Ir]bm \oXoIcnsnp {]Xymi{]Imcw \nXyPohsd AhIminIfmbnotcXnp ]p\\\kv\m\wsImpw \psS cnXmhmb tbip{InkvXpaqew \psSta [mcmfambn ]I ]cnipmmhnsd \hoIcWwsImpw Xt.', Fp ]. ]utemkv tcJsSpnbncnpp. Ch IqSmsX tdma 8:1517, KemXy 3:2627, 4:67; sImsemky 2:12 Fn `mKfnepw amtamZokmsbn hnip ]utemkv olmbpsS Bib kphyambn FgpXsncnpp.

A. {]. 2:38 {]Imcw, "]s{Xmkv AhtcmSp: \n am\kmcsp \nfpsS ]m]fpsS tamN\nmbn Hmtcmcp tbip{InkvXphnsd \man kv\m\w Gev]n; Fm ]cnipmmhp F Zm\w e`npw.' kv\m\tapXpsImv ]m]tamN\hpw ]cnipmZm\hpw e`npp Fp ]t{Xmkv olm hfsc ZrVambn ChnsS {]Jym]nbmWv. (1 ]t{Xmkv 3:2021 CXnt\mSptNp ]TntXmWv.) sbslkvt {]hmNI FgpXnbncnpp: "Rm \nfpsSta \ne Pew Xfnpw; \n \necmbn Xocpw, Rm \nfpsS kIe aen\Xsbbpw kIe hn{Klsfbpw \on \nsf \neoIcnpw. Rm \nġp ]pXntbmcp lrZbw Xcpw; ]pXntbmcp Bmhns\ Rm \nfpsS Dn Bpw; Imbp lrZbw Rm \nfpsS PUn \np \on amwkambp lrZbw \nġp Xcpw.' (sbl. 2527) CXv sbslkvt {]hmNI\pmb Zi\amWv. amtamZokm Hcp BIkvanI kw`ha.

C{]Imcw amtamZokm AYhm kv\m\w ssZhns I\ {]ImcapXpw AXv ssZhIr]sb {]Zm\w sNp Hcp Znhy Im\pjvTm\hpw, \qsS `mjbn Imhv m]n Hcp hnip IqZmibpamWv.

XpSp inipkv\m\sn \apv Nnnmw.

inipkv\m\w [Infant Baptism]

inipkv\m\s \ntcm[npsImv Hcp hN\hmIyhpw hn. thZ]pkvXInepsp tXmpn. Fm hn. thZ]pkvXIw kqjvaambn ]cntim[nm inipkv\m\s A\pIqenpsImp \nch[n kw`hfpw hmIyfpw ImWmhpXmWv. AXv \njv]ambn Nnnphv t_mysSpsamWv Fs hnizmkw. inipkv\m\w sXmsWp hmZnp BfpI B[mcambn D]tbmKnp thZ`mKw hn. atmkv 16:16 BWv. "hnizknbpw kv\m\w Gbpw sNph csSpw; hnizknmh inmhn[nbn AIsSpw.' ChnsS FXnhmZnI hymJym\nptm, hnizknv kv\m\taph am{Xw cnsSpw FmWv kanpXv.

Fm Cu thZhmIyw AXns aqe`mjbmb {Kon \nv a\nemphm {ianm bYm Bibw e`yamIpw. AhnsS C{]ImcamWv ImWpXv; "slm ]nkvsbpkmkv Ibv _m]vnkvXnkv skmXsbskbv' [Ho Pisteusas Kai Baptisthis Sothaeseti]. ChnsS "slm' FXv Hcp Nqp]ZamWv. kv\m\tap B hynsb DtinmWv D]tbmKnncnpXv. hnizknpIbpw kv\m\tapIbpw sNp "hyn' Pohnpw. Cu cp {]tXyI {]{InbIfpw A\pjvTnph Pohnpp FmsX Hns\ Hp hntijnnp coXnbn aqe`mjbn FgpXnbXmbn Bscnepw hymJy\nppshn Ah ssZhhN\s hnIeambn hymJym\npp FXmWv kXyw.

Cu thZ`mKs kw_nv thsdbpw Nne {]tXyIXI AdntbXmbnpv.

hn. atmkv 16:9-20 hscbp hmIy aqe`mjbnepw {][m\ Cwojv hnh\fnepw {_mn\Iv Dsmnncnpp. CXns ImcWw; hn. atmkns kphntijns ssIsgpp{]Xn Innbtm Cu `mK AXnepmbncpn. Fm ]noSv Cu ]pkvXIn\v ]qX thWsam{Klnv ]nXmm Btcm FgpXntXmsWs{X s]mXpsh hnizknsncnpXv. B ]nXmm inipkv\m\s AwKoIcnphcpw ]Tnnp {]Ncnphcpambncpp. Nne {KImcmcpsS A`n{]mb{]Imcw Acnkv F ]nXmhmWv CsXgpXntXv Fv IcpXsSpp. CubnsS IsSp Hcp Ao\nb ssIsgpp{]Xnbnse Ipdn\pkcnv Acnkv F ]nXmhv Imhns injy\mbncppshv ]mnbmkv (130 F. Un) {]kvXmhnnpv.

Fm kv\m\sn B[nImcnIambn \psS Imhv InXmbn hn. ambn ol Xs kphntijn 28:18-20 hyambpw hniZambpw hnnpv.

"tbip ASppsNp: kznepw `qanbnepw kIe A[nImchpw F\np \Isncnpp. BIbm \n ]pdsp, ]nXmhnsdbpw ]p{Xsdbpw ]cnipmmhnsdbpw \man kv\m\w Ignnpw Rm \ntfmSp Iev]nXp Hsbpw {]amWnm Xhw D]tZinpwsImp kIe PmXnIsfbpw injycmnsmhn....' ChnsS Hcp {]tXyIX ImWmw kv\m\w Ignnpw, D]tZinpw kIe PmXnIsfbpw injycmphn Fv Inncnpp. kv\m\w BZyw \SpXmbpw D]tZihpw apw AXnt\mS\p_ambn \SpXmbpw ImWpp. hn. atmkv 16:9-20 hscbp hmIytfm AtmkvtXmenIamb Ddpw B[nImcnIXbpw Cu thZ`mKn\psv kXntnbncnpp.

CX\pkcnv hnizknp am{Xsa amtamZokm Gmhq F hmZKXn \nyhpw \oXoIcnm IgnbmXpamWv. hnizknpIbpw kv\m\tapIbpw sNppshn \o Pohnpw. CXp cpw sNbvsXn am{Xsa Pohnbpp F kXyw Rm apv kqNnnpsm. hfsc {]mbw Ipd inipġp hnizknp kv\m\taphm IgnbpIbnsm. Npcpn, Cu hmZKXnbneqsS inipkv\m\hntcm[nI Hcp {]tXyI {]mbw hscbp inipġv kzhmXn ASbvpbmWv, Poh Ahp \ntj[npIbmWv, \sSppIbmWv. ]tcmambn "IpnIsf, \nġv Poh Inn, \nbw, \n \cIntep t]mIpw' FXmWv AhcpsS aXw. CXmtWm Imhv ]Tnnv m]n aXw, AYhm kvt\tlm]tZiw? Xs ASptep hcphm {ian inipsf XShsc imknv, inipsf A\p{Kln ssZhw Cu A_hnizmkw Fs\ klnpw. ktlmZcsf \n am\kmcsSWsap _elo\\mb \mw Ir\man BhiysSpIbmWv.

ap]p ]dncnp cv thZ`mKfnepw Ass{IkvXhcmb ]pdPmXnIsf k`mwKfmptm Ahsc tNp coXnbmWv {]Xn]mZnncnpXv. Fm inipsf amtamZok apnbncpXns\pdnv ChnsS {]kvXmhnptm Hcp henb hyXymkapv; Cu inip amtamZokm G, {InkvXym\nIfmb, amXm]nXmfpsS kXnIfmWv FXv hnkvacnmhpX. Ah ap inipfn\nv hyXykvXcmWv. Ahp k`bn hfsc {]m[m\yapmbncpp. thZ]pkvXIw kmnpXp {inq:

Dev]n 22:18, "\o Fsd hmp A\pkcnXpsImp \nsd kXn apJmcw `qanbnepff kIe PmXnIfpw A\p{KlnsSpw Fp Rm Fssmp Xt kXyw sNbvXncnpp.' CXv A{_lmant\mSv btlmhbmb ssZhw AcpfnsbvXXmWv. B A\p{Klw Ahs kXnpw e`npp. Ahs kXn apJmncw Fm Fm PmXnIfpw A\p{KlnsSpIbpw sNpp. (A. {]. 3:25 CXnt\mSp tNp ]TntXmWv.) "`qanbnse kIe hwifpw \nsd kXnbn A\p{KlnsSpw.' Fp ssZhw A{_mlmant\mSp Acpfn \nfpsS ]nXmmtcmSp sNbvX \nbansdbpw {]hmNImcpsSbpw a \n Xt.

A. {]. 2:39, "hmKvZw \nġpw \nfpsS aġpw \psS ssZhamb Imhp hnfnp hcpp Zqcmcmb Ghpw DXtm Fp ]dp.' ChnsS a FXn\p "sSIv\' [Tois teknois] F ]ZamWv D]tbmKnncnpXv. Cu ]Zw hfsc {]mbw Ipd inipsfbmWv kqNnnpXv.

Bh\w 29:13,14 Dw IqSn {inpI ChnsSsbmw amXm]nXmfpsS hnizmkhpw kaWhpw apJmncw km\ A\p{KloXcmbn XocpXmbn ImWmw.

1 sImcnn. 7:14 "Ahnizmknbmb `mhp `mcy apJmcw hnipoIcnspw Ahnizmknbmb `mcy ktlmZc apJmcw hnipoIcnspancnpp; Asn \nfpsS a Aip Fp hcpw; Ctmtgm Ah hnip BIpp.', Fp FgpXnbncnpp. CX\pkcnv Hcp Ass{IkvXh\mb ]nXmhn\pw {InkvXym\nbmb amXmhn\pwIqSn P\np kXnI hnipcmsWp ImWmw. Fn amXmhpw ]nXmhpw {InkvXym\nIfmbncns P\np kXnI F{X hnipcmbncnpw, As\bp hnipcmb kXnIġv amtamZokm \ntj[npXv ]m]as?

hn. ]uepkv olm k`Iġp teJ\sagpXptm B tZis k`sb BIam\ambmWv kwt_m[\ sNbvsXgpXpXv. Atlw Ahsc "hnip' Fv kwt_m[\ sNpXv {itbamWv. DZm. 1 sImcnn. 1:2; 2 sImcnn. 1:1; Ft^. 1:1; ^nenn. 1:1; sImtemn. 1:1.

k`sb BIam\ambn "hnip' Fp hnfn Cu AsmkvtXmes lrZbn inipġp m\ansp iTnpXv hfsc kSIcamb Hcp NnbmWv. k` FXv Imhns henb IpSpw_amWv. AXn Fmhscbpw DsmpXmWv AsmkvtXmes k`mZi\w. 1 tbml. 2:12 ]. tbmlm olm inipsfs kwt_m[\ sNbvXncnpXv {itbamWv.

"Ipptf, \nġv Ahs \maw \nanw ]m] tamNnncnbm Rm \nġv FgpXpp.' ChnsSbpw "Ipptf' F hmn\v aqe{Kٯo {]mbw Ipd inip Fw hcp "sSIv\' F ]ZamWp]tbmKnncnpXv. amtamZokm ]m]tamN\amsWv \mw apIfn Iphsm. ChnsS AtmkvtXme Ippġv {InkvXphns \maw \nanw ]m]w tamNnncnpp Fp ]dbptm amtamZoktb inipsfpdnmWv Imhns lrZbadnv Ahs\ Ghpw kvt\ln hn. tbmlm olm hnhnpXv.

Chbvsmap]cnbmbn hn. atmkv 16:16s\n Nnnptm amtamZokm Gptm hnizmkw Hcp aphyhbmbn [Pre-requisite] inipamtamZokmbnv FXncmbn \nph ]cnKWnpIbmsWn; FmWv Hcp hnizmknv {]kvXpX hnizmk]qX {]m]nphm IgnbpXv? temIn Bpw Xs asmcmfpambn Bobhnizmkns Imcyn XpeyX Isphm IgnbpIbn. hnizmkn\v B\p]mXnIambnmWv Ir] e`npsXn ssZhIr] B\p]mXnIamsWphcpw. Fm Hcph\pw Abm acnpXphsc hnizmkn kq\msWv ]dbphm km[nbn FmsWs hnizmkw. ]cnip\mb ]ueqkv olmt]mepw "Atm Rm Acna\pjy' (tdma 7:24) Fv kzbw Gp]dbppv. ImhpXs, "ssZhw Hcph\msX \h Bcpan' Fp kmnnpsm. BbXn\m C{]Imcap _meniamb NnI ktlmZctf, \n hnWsav Imhns \man kvt\l]qw _elo\\mb Rm \nnpp. CXns\ XpSv inipkv\m\w kw_nv asmcp Bibw IqSn Nnnmw.

inipġv ssZhm\p{Klw {]m]nphm Ignbptam?

btlmhbmb ssZhw C{ktben\p imizX\nbaambn A{_lmans Imew apX \Inbncp Hcp ssZhnI \nbaamWv ]cntZ\. (Devn 17:9-12) 8-mw ZnhkamWv ]cntZ\ inipġp \Iphm btlmh Bm]nncnpXv. 8-mw Znhkap inip Ghpw {]mbw IpdhcmWtm. {]mbaphpw inipġpw Hcpt]mse Cu ]cnip A\pjvTm\w ImeXmakw IqSmsX \IWsamWv btlmhbpsS I\. CXn\nv Hcp Imcyw kphyamWsm; inipġv A\p{Klw {]m]nphm Ignbpw FpXv ssZhns lrZbn t_myapXmWv. sImsemky 2:11 ssIsmp ]cntZ\.

hn. atmkv 10:1316, hn. eqtmkv 18:16,17 Fn thZ`mKfn Imhv inipsf A\p{KlnpXmbn ImWmw. inip Xs ASp hcpXn\p XSw \nhsc Imhv imknpIbmWv. inipsf Xs ssIIfn FSpv amtdmSWv hmgvn A\p{KlnpIbmWv sNbvXXv. inipġv ssZhm\p{Klw e`npIbnsn \psS Imhv sNbvXXv A_amsWp hcnIbnt? As\ ]dbphm a\pjymmhv DbcmXncns.

ssZhns Bmhv IgpXbnt]mepw {]hnv _nsebmant\mSv {]XnIqeambn kwkmcnpp. (kwJym. 22:23) As\sbn ]cnipcmb amXm]nXmġv ssZhw \Inb iniphn ssZhmmhv hknbnt?

Dn 1:2 ssZhns Bmhv shŧfnt ]cnhnpsImncpp Fv hmbnpp. AXns A\c^eambn Hcp ]pXnb krn Dfhmbn. apbpsSta ]nStmgn s]mcpnbncpp Ignbptm ]pXnb krn B apbn \npw ]pdphcpnt? Xpeyamb ]ZamWv aqe`mjbn (F{_mb) D]tbmKnncnpXv. iq\yhpw ]mgpamb Cu AtNX\ hkvXphnt ]cpipmmhv s]mcpn Bhknv AXn \npw ]pXnb krnsb Dfhmphm Ignsn ssZhns ssIthebmb, tNX\bp, Cu iniphn ssZhmmhv Cdn hknbn Fv iTnpXv thZ]pkvXI hntcm[nIġp am{Xta km[nq. Cu \nebn \mw Nnnptm; ImbneqsS Genbmhn\p `Ww sImSp (1 cmPm. 17:4), ]nfkw aptJ\ C{ktben\p c \Inb (kwJym. 21:8), tamibpsS hSnbneqsS ApXw {]hn (]pdmSv 4:24), AsmkvXemcpsS \ng apJmncw tcmKkuJyw hcpnb (A. {]. 5:15), shdpw hkv{XneqsS ApXw {]hn (A. {]. 19:1112) ssZhw inipfn IqSn {]hnbnmsbv hmZnpXv ITn\amb thZhn]coXamWv. (1 sImcnn. 3:1617; sbim. 44:35 Fnh IqSn XmcXayw sNbvXp ]TnpI.) 2 cmPm. 13:2021.

inipġp ssZhm\p{Klw {]m]nphm Ignbpw Fp am{Xa Ah ssZhhym]mctI{hpw IqSnbmWv F Bibsn C\n Nnnmw.

\ymbm. 13:25 ssZhn\pthn K`w apX \mko {hXmc\mbn inwtim thXncnsXmbn FgpXsncnpp. 1 iapth 1:27 ssZhns ApX hym]mcm Pw ]q iapth _mes\ ssZhkn[nbn Poh]cyw \nthZnp kw`hw {itbamWv. (1 iapth 3:114) _me\mb iapthens\ btlmhbmb ssZhw hnfnv Ah apJmncw bn{kmtben\p hcm t]mIp B]ns\pdnv apdnhp \In. _mes\ btlmh D]tbmKnp.

Ctm_v 31:15 ssZhamWv Ctm_ns\ AbpsS DZcn DcphmnbsXv hyambn FgpXnbncnpp. ko. 22:9,10 \obtm Fs DZcn\np ]pdsSphnh; Fsd AbpsS apeIpSnptm \o Fs \n`bw hknpamdmn. K`]m{Xn\np Rm \n Gev]nsp; Fsd AbpsS DZcw apX \o Fsd ssZhw. (ko. 139:13 tNp]TnpI.) ChnsS ZmhoZv Ahs amXmhns DZcnepw Ahs P\\nepw Fmnepw Xs ssZhIr] BkzZnpXmbn Xm ssZhns {]Xncq]ambn kzbw Iv ssZhs ]mSnpIgvpp.

sbi. 44:1,2 ssZhns Zmk\mb bmtm_v K`w apX Xs hnfnp thXncnsXmbn tcJsSpnbncnpp.

sbi. 49:1,2 sbimhns\ AbpsS DZcw apX Xs hnfnXmbn ImWmw. bncyamhv 1:57 "\ns DZcn DcphmnbXnpaps Rm \ns Adnp; \o K`]m{Xn \np ]pdp hXn\p aps Rm \ns hnipoIcnp, PmXnIġp {]hmNI\mbn \nbanncnpp. .... Rm \ns Abp GhcpsSbpw ASp \o t]mIbpw Rm \ntmSp Iev]npsXmsbpw kwkmcnbpw thWw.' ChnsS iniphns\ P\\n\p aps AdnbpIbpw, DZcnshv ipoIcnv thXncnv \nbanpIbpw P\\tijw Xs ZuXy\nhlWn\mbn NpaXesSppIbpw sNp ssZhsbmWv \mw ImWpXv. ssZhkn[nbn inipfpsS m\w F{X t{ijvTsav ChnsS hyamWsm. C{]Imcw ssZhns hym]mctI{amb inipġv kv\m\w \ntj[npXv alm]m]w Xs.

hn. eqtmkv 1:41 cIs\ DZcn hlnpsImv Genkt_ns\ adnbmw h\w sNmpp. h\iw tIv temIcIs aptmSnbmb tbmlm Genkt_ns DZcn B\\rw Nhpn. shdpw 6 amkw am{Xw {]mbap K`iniphn\v ]cnipmmhn \ndbphm Ignbpsap Cu ssZhnIZrmw F{X hnkvab\obw.

Kem. 1:15 "P\\w apX' ssZhIr]bm Xm thXncnsp Fp ]. ]utemkv olm kmnpp. F{_mb 7:9,10 A{_lmans aI\mb Cklmns aI\mb bmtm_ns aI\mb tehn A{_lmans ISn{]tZipmbncpq Fv teJ\Imhv kmnpp. AXn\m A{_lmw Zimwiw sImSptm tehnbpw sImSppshmWv F{_mb teJ\Imhv hyampXv. Cu \memw Xeapdmcs\ Hmw Xeapdmc\mb A{_lmant\mSv HnpImWp Hcp hyhnXnbt ChsS ImWpXv.

Npcpn inipġv A\p{Klw {]m]nphm Ignbpw FXnep]cn Ahsc ssZhw X\nmbn thXncnpbpw Xs {]tXyIamb ZuXyġmbn D]tbmKnpIbpw sNpXmbn hn. thZ]pkvXIw iamb `mjbn kmoIcnpp. CXdnncpnpw inipsf ssZhm\p{KlZmbIamb amtamZokmbn\np hnep a\pjy ssZhnI\ Fp IcptXnbncnpp.

ASpXmbn, aphcpsS hnizmkn Hcph\v A\p{Kl {]m]nphm Ignbptam? F tNmZysn Nnnmw.

inipsf kv\m\sSpptm amXm]nXmmv ]pdsa ays\ k` \ntbmKnpp. inipkv\m\ hntcm[nI CXns\ tNmZyw sNmdpv. Fm aycpsS hnizmkm At\I ssZhm\p{Klw {]m]n H\h[n kw`h hn. thZ]pkvXIn ImWmhpXmWv.

hn. atmkv 2:5 "tbip AhcpsS hnizmkw Inp ]hmXmct\mSp: aIt\ \nsd ]m] tamNnpXncnpp Fp ]dp.' ChnsS ]hmXmcs hnizmka, {]XypX Ahs\ NpapsImp hhcpsS hnizmkamWv tcmK\nhmcWn\p hgn sXfnXv. (hn. ambn 9:1,2 tNp]TnpI)

hn. ambn 8:5-13 hscbp `mKv I^lqanshv iXm[n]s hnizmkw aqew Atlns ]hmXtcmKnbmb _meymc kuJyw {]m]n kw`hw tcJsSpnbncnpp.

hn. ambn 15:21-28, ChnsS I\m\ykv{XobpsS aIġp kuJyw hXv AbpsS hnizmkhpw {]m\bpw aqeamWv. `qX_m[nXbmb aIġp hnizknp c t\Sm IgnbpIbn FXp Xa kwKXnbmWsm.

hn. atmkv 5:21 apXep hmIyfn ]n{]amWnbmb bmbntdmkns aIsf Dbn kw`hw Nn{XoIcnpp. ChnsS acnpt]mb B _menIbpsS hnizmkw sImsm Ah A\p{Klw t\SnbXv. bmbntdmkns Bgamb hnizmkw aIġv ssZhm\p{Klw t\SnsmSppXn\p klmbIambn. hn. atmkv 9:24,25 Duabmb Bmhp _m[nv Akz\mbncp _me kuJyw t\Snb Cu kw`hn _mes hnizmka, {]XypX _mes ]nXmhns hnizmkamWv tcmKkuJyn\p amw sXfnXv.

hn. tbmlm 11 emkdns\ Dbnp almkw`hn acnv Idbn hnv \mepZnhkamb emkdns hnizmkasm B ssZhoI{]h\n\p \nZm\ambXv. ambpsSbpw adnbbpsSbpw hnizmkw AhnsS ssZhIr] {]hnphm thZnsbmcpn.

hn. eqtmkv 7:1117, \bo\nse hn[hbpsS Bgamb ZpxJn a\en Imhv AhfpsS aIs ihaw sXmp. acnh Dbnsgptp. Cu kw`hnepw acnhs hnizmka, Ahs AbpsS hnizmkamWv Ir]mhjn\p apJmncambXv.

C{]Imcw aphcpsS hnizmkwsImv Hcph\v ssZhIr] [mcmfambn e`npsan, kzamXm]nXmġv ssZhw \Inb km\sf ssZhn\p kanp {]mnm A\p{Klw e`nn Fp ]dbpXv ssZh\oXnsb \ntj[nemWv; alm]m]amWv.

inipkv\m\s kw_nv asmcp Nn:

inipsf kv\m\sSpnbXmbnp kw`h thZ]pkvXIn hncfat?

inipsf kv\m\sSpnbXmb kw`h hn. thZ]pkvXIn {]tXyIambn hnhcnnn Fnepw "inipsf kv\m\sSpnbnn' Fp tcJsSpnbnn. am{Xa, "IpSpw_ambn' At\I hn. amtamZok ssIsmXmbpw ap Nne afSp IpSpw_w apgph\mbn Imhn hnizknXmbpw hn. thZ]pkvXIw kmnpp.

sImstymkpw IpSpw_hpw ]. ]t{Xmkv olmbm kv\m\tav k`tbmSp tNp. (A. {]. 10:48)

Xpbsscm]Wmcnbpw cmw_cw hnphfpamb epZnbmbpw IpSpw_hpw ]. ]utemkv olmbpsS {]kwKneqsS {InkvXphn hnizknv kv\m\tap. (A. {]. 16:15) Icm{Kl{]amWnbpw IpSpw_hpw ]. ]utemkv olmbpsS kphntijnIcWw apJmncw hn. amtamZnk ssIsmp. (A. {]. 16:33,34)

]n{]amWnbmb {Inkvt]mkpw Ahs kIe IpSpw_hpw Imhn hnizknp kv\m\tap. (A. {]. 18:8)

kvsX^mt\mkns IpSpw_s kv\m\w \In k`tbmSp tNXv ]. ]utemkv XsbmWv. (1 sImcnn. 1:15)

hn. thZ]pkvXIn Cu kw`h hnhcnnSsmcnSpw B `h\fnse inipsf amtamZok \ImsX Hgnp\ndpnbXmbn ImWpn. Cu IpSpw_fn inipfnmbncppshn AXv {]tXyIw kqNnnphm kmyXbpv. afnm ZXnIsfpdnv "Ahcncphcpw' FmWv thZ]pkvXI {KImcm FgpXnbncpXv. DZmlcWambn aI\pmIpXn\p ap]v kJdnb, Genk_v Fnhscpdnv "Ccphcpw' ssZhkn[nbn \oXnbphcpw (hn. eqtmkv 1:6) FmWv FgpXncnpXv. Chbvsmap]cn, IpSpw_w FXn\p aqe`mjbn D]tbmKnncnp "Hbvtmkv' [Oikose] F ]Zn\p `mhv, `mcy, ss]X, `rXym FnhscmaSp kaqlw F AamWpXv. Devn 17:1214 A{_lman\pw IpSpw_n\pw ]cntZ\ \nXy\nbaambn btlmh Inp \Iptm, A{_lmans IpSpw_nse Zmk\pssS Fm ]pcpj{]Pbpw ]cntZ\ GWsav \njvjnncnpp. ChnsSbpw inipsf Cu hn. In \nv amn \ndppXmbn ]dbpn.

IqSmsX 1 sImcnn. 10:1 I\m bm{Xmaty bn{ktbens ]q]nXmmcpw AhcpsS Iqw apgph\pw taLnepw kap{Znepw kv\m\w Gp Fv ]dv ]. ]utemkv ol bn{ktbens I\m bm{Xsbn {]tLmjnncnpp. Cu bn{kmtbens Iqn inip Cmbncppshv Bp m]nm Ignbpw?

inipkv\m\ hntcm[nI Cu kXyw a\nemnbncpsn!

k`m ]nXmmcpsS kmyw:

]ucmWnI k`I hn. thZ]pkvXItmfw Xs {]m[m\yw \Ip hn. k`m]mccyw inipkv\m\ns B[nImcnIXsb Acnpdnpp. hn. thZ]pkvXIw, FgpXs ]mccyhpw; ]mccyw FgpXsSm thZ]pkvXIhpamWv. BZnak`m]nXmmcpsS FgppIfn\nv inipkv\m\w k`bpsS ssiihImew apX XpSphncpp Fp hyamIppv.

cmw \qmn inipkv\m\w \ne\nncpp Fv sFtd\nbkv F k`m]nXmhv (133203 F. Un.) kmnpp.

ckmnacWw {]m]n hn. t]mfntmkv Xs ]oUnnhtcmSv, "F]nbmdp hjambn Rm Imhns\ tkhnpp; Cphsc Ah F\np Hcp tZmjhpw sNbvXnn. ]ns Cp Rm Fs\ Fs cIs\Xncmbn ssZhZqjWw sNpw?' Fp tNmZnp. F. Un. 168 Imew sNbvX hn. t]mfntmkv 86 hjw apv ainlmsb kzoIcnpshn F. Un. 82 Atlw iniphmbncnptm Xs hn. amtamZokmbneqsS k`tbmSp tNpshp A\pam\nmw.

AeIvk{nbbnse hn. oakv "shůn \npw tImcnsbSp Ipp' Fp {InkvXym\nIsf hntijnnncnpp.

thZ]nX\mb HdnP (185254 ) ssiihnXs kv\m\ta Bfmbncpp "inipkv\m\w k`bpsS ]Xnhv' Bbncpp Fv Atlns thZ]pkvXI hymJym\ {K٧fn hyamWv.

GItZiw F. Un. 156 Imew sNbvX Pkvnamnb F ]nXmhv 80 hbne[nIw {]mbaphcpw hfsc sNdpn Xs hn. amtamZok kzoIcnhcpamb At\Iw hynIsf t\cnp InpXmbn tcJsSpnbncnpp. Fn F. Un. 156 80 hbv {]mbap hyn F. Un. 70\pw 80\pw CSbn hn. amtamZok kzoIcnncnWasm. Hmw \qmn Xs inipġp amtamZok \Inbncpp FXn\p CXn IqSpXembn Hcp sXfnhv thtWm?

lntmenkv F. Un. 215 cNn "AtmkvtXmenI ]mccyw' F {Kٯn amtamZokm kabv " BZyw sImpIppsf \n amtamZokm apWw' FsgpXnbncnpp.

kn{]nbs\ k`m]nXmhv bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw Hcp iniphn\p Ir]bpw amtamZokmbpw \ntj[npIqSm Fp kv]ambn ]dnpv.

Chp tijap k`m]nXmmcpw F. Un. 215se ImtPv kpltZmkpw Fmw inipkv\m\s Bhnpdnp {]Jym]npIbmWv sNbvXXv. AXpsImv thZ]pkvXItbpw k`m]mccytbpw hnip ]nXmmcpsS ]Tnnent\bpw hneIpdp Xn inipkv\m\w \ntj[nph ssZhns k`sb BIpp \ntj[npXv. kwiban.

bpn]camb asmcp Bibw Nnnmw.

ssZhnIambn, ssZhoI hyh{]Imcw, inipfpsS m\w IqSmsX AhcpsS amXm]nXm apJmncw Ahsc P\nnphm Ignbp ki\mWv ssZhw. Cu ssZhn\v, inip P\ntijw Ah hnizknsn am{Xsa Ahcn {]hnphm Ignbq Fp iTnpXv bpn`wKamsWp am{Xa, ssZhns kinsb kwibnpXpw IqSnbmWv. Ccw CcpfS NnI ssZhnIa, ss]imNnIamWv. tIhew aqp amkw {]mbap tamipns\ shůn\npw hensSpv ^dthms ]p{XnbpsS Zp]p{X\mbn kzoIcnXv tamipns AdnthmsSbsm. (]pdmSv 2:110)

Imhn kvt\lnXsc, Cu hnjbw kw_nv \mw Hmtcmcpcpw \mbn ]TnWw. thZhmIysf sXmbn hymJym\nphcpsS NnIfn Ipcpn k`tbbpw kXyhnizmksbpw \ntj[nphm \nġp kwKXnbmIcpsXp _elo\\mb Rm \nsf KpWtZmjnpp. ]. ]utemkv olm ]dbpXp {inpI: "Fm R \ntfmSp AdnbnXnp hn]coXambn R BIs kzn \np Hcp ZqX\mIs \ntfmSp kphntijw Adnbnm Ah i]nsh.' (KemXy. 1:8) F{X IiambnmWv kXyhnizmkn\np A\\yamb D]tZiw \Sphscpdnv Atlw Acp sNbvXXv. ]. tbmlm olmbpw \s Hnnpp: "Hcp Cu D]tZihpwsImp AmsX \nfpsS ASp hpshn Ahs\ hon ssIsmcpXp; Ahp Ipiew ]dIbpw AcpXp. (2 tbmlm 1:10) "Iff{InkvXpfpw Iff{]hmNImcpw Fgptp Ignbpsan hrXmscbpw sXnm\mbn henb ASbmffpw ApXfpw ImWnpw.' (hn. ambn 24:24) (hn. eqtmkv 21:8 tNp ]TnpI. 1 tbmlm 4:1)

{]nb ktlmZcsf, \n kXyhnizmknepw kXyk`bnepamWv \npXv. ]. ssZhamXmhpw ]. AtmkvtXmemcpw IqSmsX F{_mb teJ\Imhv ]dbpXpt]mse lmt_, lmt\mv, t\ml, A{_lmw, bnlmv, bmtm_v, Gimhv, kmdm, 12 tKm{X]nXmm, tami, cmlm_v, KntZym, _mcmv, inwtim, bn]vXmlv, ZmhoZv Fn hnizmkhocmcpw iaqth apXemb t{ijvT{]hmNImcpaSp, kmnIfpsS hentbmcp kaqlw kPohambn \nesImp hn. k`bnemWv \mw \nesImpXv. AXn\m \nġv Hpw Ass[cystSXn. Imhns injymcpw injyIfpaSp hnip k`bnemWv \n PohnpXv. AXn\m ss[cysSphn, {]Xntcm[sf sNdpphn, PohnXs hnipoIcnn. Fmhcpw Fm Aipnbpw shSnv hnipn [cnn. \psS ssZhw hnip\mIpp. hnipnbph Aht\mSp tNcpp. Aht\mSp tNv As\bph kzcmPyw AhImiampw. aZy]m\nbpw I\pw hymPmc\pw t\pw Bcpw kzcmPyw AhImiampIbn Fp \mw HmncntXmWv. bmsXmcp Aipnbpw \nfpsS CSbn t] ]dIt]mepw sNcpXv. \psS Imhv hcpw, {]nbsc, Ahs \man \mw Hnv ktmjnphm\nSbmIpamdmIs.

"lrZbipnbph `mKyhmm; Ah ssZhs ImWpw.' (hn. ambn 5:8)

("hnizmkZo]w' F ]ccbn sImw Aca\bn \npw 1990 Pqssebn {]knoIcn eLpteJ)

[COURTESY TO FAMILY OF LATE PROF. SAMUEL CHANDANAPPALLY]

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