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ARTICLE - MALAYALAM

GANDHIAN ETHICS AND ITS IMPORTANCE ON SOCIETY
KmnPnbpsS \oXnimkv{Xhpw kaqln AhbpsS {]m[m\yhpw

By REV. FR. DR. K. M. GEORGE
[Former Principal, Orthodox Theological Seminary, Kottayam]

Kmnbn {]h\fn ]sSpm e`np Akpe` Ahkc almmKmnbpsS PohnXXXz Hmtcm Afhn {]mtbmKnIampXn\p kmyXIfpw {]h\ aefn ]conpXn\pw D kabfmWv. Fs kw_nnStmfw almmKmn Hcp hnkvabamWv. \apv Nnnm {]mbamb kabw apX almmhns\ Ipdnp NnI ApXw IeXmWv. AXv F{Xta {]mbambmepw Ipdpt]mImXpw hnpamdmXpamb Hcp hnImcamWv.

almPnbpsS ]pkvXIfn Fhpw temI{]knambXv "Fs kXymt\zjW ]coW' [My experiments in truth] BWv. imkv{Xob hnZymnIsf kw_nnStmfw ]coWw FXv ]coWimebn \Sp Hcp {]{InbbmWv. B ]coW {]{Inbbn hnZymn Asn ImnI shdpw Hcp \ocoI am{XamWv. AXns Hcp `mKambn Bcpw amdpn. ]coW ^e hnZymn tcJsSpppshnepw PohnXs AXv kv]inpn. Fm kXyns A\zjWw Hcp ]coWamsWp ]dbptm AXns Aw Xptemw hyXykvXamWv. kXyw F hmv Fm kwkvImcfnepw {]knamb Hcp hmmWv. AXv tImSXnbnepw kmcnepw am[yafnepw P\kaqlnepw {]m[m\yalnp HmWvv. Fm kXysaXv {]XoImIhpw Aaqhpamb Hcp ]ZamWv. AXns Aw ]qambn a\knemm {]bmkamWv. Fm AXv hntijWamb cq]n {]tbmKnptmgmWv AXns Ahym]vXn shfnhmIpXv. DZmlcWambn kXyap hyn Fp ]dm AXns Aw hfsc hyamWv.

kzw PohnXs kv]inpsImmWv almPn ]coW \SnbXv. AXv PohnXImew apgph \nccambn \Snsmncp ]coWambncpp. sNdpn \pWI ]dXpw \njn `W IgnXpw ap _meyIme hnIrXnIfpw Atlw Xs BIYbn Gp]dbppv. ZnW B{^nbn XpSnsh Xs A\zjW ]coW CUybn htmgpw Atlw XpSp. PohnXns Ahkm\w hsc hfsc koamb euIoI [mnI {]iv\fnepw Atlw kXyw A\zjnpsImncpp. Atln\pXs [mnI hyX CmXncp Ahkcsftmepw Atlw {]Xn]mZnppv.

kXym{Klw F hmv kXyn\npw Bhn`hnnpXmWv. almmKmnbmWv B hmv BZyambn D]tbmKnXpw temI{]knamnbXpw. B[p\nI temIn B hmn\v aqeyypXn kw`hnncnpp. Cv kXym{Kln\v Hcp {]bmkhpan. _m\ thWw, D`mjnWn thWw, ap{ZmhmIyw hnfnm\pw _kpI XSbm\pw BfpI thWw; C{Xbpw aXn. CXv KmnPn hn`mh\w sNbvX kXym{Klns A]lmkyamb A\pIcWamWv. Fm almPnbpsS kXym{Kln\v icocntbpw a\kntbpw Bmhntbpw ipoIcWw BhiyamWv. [Purification of body, mind and soul] kXys {KlnpI F A\p`hntev hcWsan PohnXns hnipoIcWw DmtIXv A\nhmcyamWv.

{_nojv km{amPyw t]mse _rlpmb Hcp km{amPyhyhnXnsXnsc Ccnep Hcp Bbq[w D]tbmKnpXv Ncn{Xn BZyambnmWv. B[p\nI kmlnXy IrXnIfpw sshm\nI IrXnIfpw hmbnptm almmKmnsb {]m[m\yw IpdbvpItbm \nkmchcntbm sNphm\p Hcp {]hWXbmWv IphcpXv. {]tXyInv kmoI hyhkmb taJeIfn Atlw A{]kt\m ImelcWs Btfm Bbn BWv IWmsSpXv. Atlns Bib Aiq\yamsWv ]ecpw IcpXpp. A{]Imcap Hcp kmlNcyn hnkvabIcamb KmnPnbpsS kXym{Kl kw temInse BymoIhpw Zmi\nIamb ImgvNmSpIfnepw {]h\ taJeIfnepw Ghpw apn \npp. kXyns apJw kzspsImv aqSnshncnpp, AXp Xpdv kXyw FmsWv Adnbphm Ir] XtcWta Fv PKZoizct\mSp {]mnpp FmWv Imhycqt]W D]anncnpXv. kzns Hcp sNp Im AXn _mlyambn BIrcmbn AXns DnsemsWp t\mphm ]ecpw adpt]mIpp.

almmKmn KpPdmn Hcp km[mcW IpSpw_n P\np hf _me\mbncpp. Atln\v kXyns DġmgvN e`npXv CUybnse ssP\ ]mccyn \np e`n Alnwkm knmneqsS Bbncpp. ssP\ ]mccys Hcp \mkvXnI aXambnmWv IcpXnbncpXv. BkvXnI aXhpw \mkvXnI aXhpw Dv. Cuizcs\pdntm {_spdntm thZspdntm ]utcmlnXyspdntm Hpw tcJsSpm aXsfbmWv \mkvXnI aXw Fp hnhnpXv. CUybn _paXhpw ssP\aXhpw \mkvXnI aXfmbnmWv NnIm IcpXsSpXv. thZmw BkvXnIamWv. Alnwk F ]Zw s\Kohv Bbntmpsanepw lnwknm knmns\bmWv Alnwk Fp ]dbpXv. Poh\q kIen\pw Hcp tImin\pt]mepw Hcp D]{Zhhpw hcpcpXv FmWv hnh. [Do not make injury to any living creature] ]Xn\memw \qmphsc tIcfnepw XpSv Ab kwm\amb ImSInepw ssP\ ]mccyw \ne \nncpp.

KmnPnbpsS kXym{Kl Nnbpw Alnwk knmhpw amXrcmPyamb CUybn A{]kambn IcpXppsnepw temI NnIm Cpw AXn\v mbnbmb m\w \Ippv. 1960 Atacnbn \S Civil Rights t]mcmn\v t\XrXzw \In shSntbp acWaS sshZnI\mb amn eqX InwKv PqWnb [Martin Luther King Junior], almPn Atlns {]tNmZ\ambncppshp Xpdv kXnncpp. Bbp[saSpmsX Btcbpw A[nt]nmsX \njvfambncpp Atlntbpw kaccoXn. kv\tlnepw kam[m\nepw a\pjycpsS, {]tXyInv Idp hns AhImiġpthn Atlw hmZnbmbncpp. AXpt]mse Xs Ccp]tgp hjw ZnW B{^nbn Pbnen Ign s\k atebvpw [Nelson Mandela] {]tNmZ\w e`nncpXv Kmnbn \nmWv. AXpsImv Alnwkbpw kXy{Klhpw hnipamb Nnbn \npw hnipamb eyfn \npw Dcpncnv hnphbmWv.

KmnPnbpsS [mnI hyh Hcp PmXntbtbm aXttbm B{ibnnph Bbncpn. Atlns PohnXs kz[o\n aqp t]cpsS t]cpI Atlw ]dbppv. HmatXv, ssZhw \psS DnemWv [God is within you] Fp ]Tnn entbm tSmkvtmbv. [Leo Tolstoi] cmatXv, dkvn [Ruskin] Unto the Last F ]pkvXIamWv Atls {]tNmZnX\mnbXv. aqmatXv, cmPN{ F Hcp ssP\ IhnbmWv. Hcp {Kl\mbncppshnepw Hcp Xm]ks\t]mse Atlw PohnpIbpw Nnnbpw {]hnpIbpw sNbvXncpp. ]e aXfn \npw ]e kwkvImcfn \npw bmsXmcp hnthN\hpw IqSmsX Atlw Bib kzoIcnpIbpw DsmpIbpw sNbvXncpp. \bpsS Fm DdhIfn \npw kmXznIcmb hynIfpsS Bibfn \npw Atlw kzoIcnncpp.

kXyw FXv \apv \psS _pneqsStbm hmNmeXbneqsStbm Ism\mbn km[nbn. t\scadnv A\p`hfneqsSbp ]coWfn IqsS am{Xta \apv AXns\ Ism kmyamIbpp. bpnbn [Logic] {][m\ambn cp \nba Dv. Law of non contraditction Hn\v asmv hncpambn hcm ]mSn. ]ckv]cap tN Consitancy Logic hfsc \namWv. tImSXnbnepw apw samgnsbSpptm CXv hfsc {inmdpv. cmas \nbaamWv Law of excluded middle AXv Acnktmnens Imepw {Konepw CUybnepw Hs \nehnencpp. Hp kXyhpw Hp hymPhpamWv, AXn\nSbn Hpan. Cv Cu NnmKXnbn amw hcppv. Ccpfn\pw shfnn\pw CSbn FmWv DXv. Black and white Ccpfn\pw shfnn\pw CSbn AXnhn]peamb Hcp taJebpv. AXpt]mse ]coWfneqsS kXyns\ Ism \mw {ianptm kXyn\pw hymPn\pw CSbn ]eXpw \app shfnhmbn hcpw; A\amb Hcp taJebntemWv \mw {]thinpXv. Btcbpw hn[nm \apv tbmKyXbn. almmKmn Atlns PohnXneqsS, kXyt\zjW ]coWfneqsS a\knemm km[nXv kXyn\v ]e hmke DsXmWv. AXv GsXnepw Hcp t^mapebntem hynbntem aXntem hnizmk kwlnXbntem ]cnanXsSpm kmya. AXmWv tImSm\ptImSn hcp CUybnse P\fpsS kXyZi\w.

[Original in Malayalam Voice. Transcribed and edited by Editor Dr. Rajan Mathew]
ARTICLES AND SERMONS OF THE SAME AUTHOR



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