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ARTICLE - MALAYALAM

HERITAGE OF ST. THOMAS
amtma ss]XrIw

By H.G. Zachariah Mar Severios Metropolitan
Diocesan Metropolitan of Idukki Diocese, Malankara Orthodox Church

hnhc kmtXnIhnZybpsS ]men a\pjyPohnXn \nv \jvSambntmb \pdp Iq F \nebnemWv Cu Imes Nne \jvStfpdnv \mw NnntnbncnpXv. AXn {][m\ambn ]dbp HmWv: Loss of physicality and tangible experiences. apJmapJap kw`mjWfpw kwt_m[\Ifpw Cv a\pjy\v \jvSsSp Hcp Imew. The loss of attention and receptiveness \fpsS {ibpsS Imew t\v t\v hfsc Ipdp hcnIbmWv Fm hfsc {][m\sXmbn F\np tXmnb Hcp Imcyw, deficit of sense of community and belonging, increased loneliness and disconnection. While the Internet connected globally, we can also contribute in it, but we feel isolation and lonlieness in balanced state of a community. Cv ChnsS ktfnncnpXv Hcp Offline community BWv. Cv \psS IqSpX aonwKpIfpw Online BWv. Online aonwKpIfnep \psS IqSn hchpIfpw hfsc FfpamsWpw IptdqSn thKn \apv Imcysf kwLSnnm\p klmbIamIpsapw Hs \mw ]dbmdpv. Fm offline community IfpsS Hcp kmwKXyw AXp cq]s Imew apXse hfsc henbXmWv.

GsXmcp kaqlhpw cq]sSpXv Nne Bib]camb ASndbn \npsImmWv. Cu Znhkfn \ Bhnp {]tLmjnp amtm ss]XrIsa B Hcp henb kwKXnbpw \nbambpw Hcp ASndbpsS ]n_en BWv. ]s s]mXphmbn Hcp AcmNIXzw, \nP hyhnXnItfmSp Hcp hn{]Xn]n Cv ImWsSppv. AXp IpSpw_ambnsms, kapZmbambnsms, cmjv{Sobambnsms, Fm hyhm]nX LS\Ifpw FXnstShbmWv F \nebn AkXysagppw Ak`ysagppw hfsctbsd hnpsImncnp Hcp ImeamWv. AXpsImpXs GsXmcp kaqlhpw AhcpsS Ncn{Xspdnv hfsc hyambn XeapdIfn \nv XeapdIfntev kwhZnt Hcp Imew IqSnbmWv. Manu S. Pilla F aebmfnse sNdpmc\mb Ncn{XsagppImc FgpXnb ]e ]pkvXIfn HmWv The Courtesan, the Mahatma & the Italian Brahmin AXns BapJn Abm FgpXnbncnp Nne hcnI Dv. "Ncn{Xw {[qhoIcnspsImncnp Hcp ImeLnemWv \mw PohnpXv. Nnev AXv kmnItam bYmtam Bb hy[Iġv {]XnImcw sNpXn\p Bbp[amWv. `qXImen \nv kzmbXzamtXv hnthIw BWv. t{Im[mthia Fp Nne \s Hmnnpp. t]mb Imens \mhgnIfn \nv Ah IsSppXv {]bvv shfnamIp A\p`h PmefmWv.'

`qXImen\nv \app ]eXpw DunsbSpphm\pw, \mw BcmsWpw ham\Imens Iqp]mXIsf t\cntSn hcptm \mw XncsSptXv FmsWpsams AXv \apv ]dp Xcpw. As\sbn t]mb Imens \mhgnIfnep amtm ss]XrIspdnv Asn As\sbmcp Bib]camb ASndbn ktfnv Cu \mn Pohnpt]m aec \{kmWnIfn Hcp hn`mKnX krjvSnXv Cu ss]XrIXzs sNmns BsWv \apdnbmw. apta ]dXpt]mse hyhm]nXamb Fm LS\ItfmSpw AXp IpSpw_w, k`m, kapZmbw cmjv{Sobw CXnt\msSmw Hcp ]pXnb Xeapd hnapJX Imptm AXns Ghpw {][m\s ImcWfnsemv \n \ne\np hn`mKnIX XsbmWv. Fm B CS hcpnbXv BcmWv? B CS Fs\bmWv kw`hnXv? B hn`mKnbXp ]nnse ImcWw F{X ASnm\clnXamsWv \mw hopw hopw Dn kwhZntnbbncnpp.

\psS ]nXmhpw, Imhmb tbip{InkvXphns XncsSps ]{v AtmkvXemcn Hcmfpambncp am tXmamolmbpsS ]utcmlnXy m\spdnp ]cnip bmtm_v XrXob ]mXrokv _mhbpsS I\ \psS Hmbn Ctmgpw \ne\nppsm. ]cnip ]mXrokv _mh kpdnbm\n Bcm[\m kmlnXyn \s AhKmlw t\Snbnp hyn BsWv \app AdnhpXmWv. Fm B ]cnip ]nXmhv FpsImv Acn amtmam olmbpsS ]utcmlnXyspdnv Hcp ZphymJym\w km\np FpXv \mw BcmtbXpv. ImcWw, Ccnsemcp sXmb hymJy\n\v hnt[bamnb thZ`mKs, kpdnbm\n Bcm[\mkmlnXyn FcnemWv hymJym\np XncnpXv FXv \mw \nbambpw Cmev AdnncntXpv.

\psS Imhns Dbp s]cp\mfn\ptijw ]pXp RbdmgvN \mw hmbnp Hcp {]m\ Dv. B {]m\bn hnip tbmlms kphntijn \nv At Znhkw \mw hmbnp kphntij`mKw BWv kamlcnpXv. ASbvs hmXnen\pntev cp XhW DnX\mb {InkvXp {]Xy\mIp B thZ`mKns ktml\amb Hcp hymJym\apv. BZy XhW ASbvs hmXnen\pntev {InkvXp {]thinptm AhnsS amtmm olm Cmbncppshpw injym ]dXv X\nv t_mysn Fpw Ahs hnempdv Xs hnc kv]innmsX Xm hnizknpIbn Fv ]dbpXmbn BZy JnIbn \mw hmbnpp.

hopw Ggp Znhkw Ignv, BgvNhns Fmw \m ASncp hmXnen\pntev tbip Xpcm {]thinpp. Atm ]cnip\mb amtmm olm AhnsS Dmbncpp. Xs hnempdv hncepI kv]inphm\p A\phmZw Xs injy\v Kpcp\mY km\npp. Cu `mKspdnp hymJym\w kpdnbm\nk`m ]mccyn, AXns Bcm[\m kmlnXyn Cs\bmWv Nn{XoIcnncnpXvv. "]Xns\mcph `Wn\ncnptm \o Ahv ImWsSpIbpw Ah hnizknpIbpw sNbvXp. Fm tXmam BIs \ns ImWmXn\m ]ckyambn \ns Iv NhfwsImv Xpdnp hnemhpw BWnIfm Xpfbvs ssIIfpw IdnbmsX hnizknm a\mbn. olmcpsS D]tZin\pw hgnsn. aphcpsS ASnm\n ]WnbmXncnm Ah kmnXv hnizknpan.'

amtmam olmbpsS Cu t_m[yamWv HmaXmbn ChnsS FSpp ]dbphm B{KlnpXv. aphcpsS ASnm\n Xs hnizmkw ]Wnbm tXmamolm XmdmIpn. `mcXob ]mccyn hnizmkspdnv ]cmainp at\mlcamb Hcp ZrjvSmw Dv. AXv Adnhv BnpXns\pdnpw hnizmkw cq]sSpXns\pdnpw s]mXphmbn ]dbmdp Hcp ZrjvSmamWv. Imn Xo ]Sncnpp. As\ Hcp hm \n tIġpp. tIXv \nġv hnizknmw. cmasXmcp Xeapv, tI Cu hmbpsS Dhw tXSn bmYmyw Ip]nSnm \nġv kcnmw. \nġv thWsan Xo InbncnpXv FhnsSbmtWm AhnsS t]mbn AXp ImWmw. Ip hnizknmw. aqmasXmcp Xew IqSnbpv. \nġp thWsan B Xobmbnocmw. Kpcphns\tmse BIpXv injy\p aXn Fp ]uckvXy Kpcp]mccynse at\mlcfmb hcnIfpsS ImX Ccnep Hcp XobmbnocpXns\pdnp kqN\ BWv Fv BNmcym ]Tnnmdpv. ]cnip\mb amtmam olm tIp hnizknn. Iv hnizknpI am{Xa Hcp Xobmbn XocpIbmWv sNpXv. DnX\mb {InkvXphns icocn \nv Hcp Xobmbnov `mcXn Xs t{]jnXhrn \nlnpIbmWv sNbvXXv.

cmaXmbn, IptdpSn {][m\s Hcp kwKXn ChnsSbpv. hopw B {]m\bn \mw hmbnpp: "Cp injym IqSnbncnptm \o hopw ImWsp, PqXmsc `bv IXIpI ASncns s]sv \o AhcpsS asy hp\nv \nġp kam[m\w Fp ]dp.' cpaqp hcnI hnnv Rm hmbnbmWv. "{][m\mNcym Fs ]nSnv Ipcninp sImpsapw, aqp Znhkġptijw Rm Dbsgtpw Fpw apv ]dXv Rm Xs BIpp. I_dn \nv Db \nfpsS Kpcp Rm Xs. Fs cmas hchn \nġp knwlmk\ Xcmsap ]dXpw Rm Xs. Ign RbdmgvN \nġp ImWs \nfpsS Kpcp Rm Xs. BIbm \n `bstS.' ]cnip\mb ]mXrbokv _mhm knwlmk\ Xcmw Fp ]dXv cmas BgvNbmsWv hmb\bn sXntmbXmtWm Bscnepw sXncnnXmtWm Fdnbn. "\nsf ncoIcnm\mbn Cpw Rm ImWsncnpp.'

C\nbpw ]dbpXv IpdqIqSn thZimkv{X]cambn Kuchamb kwKXnbmWv. ss{IkvXh k`bpsS ASnm\ hnizmk ineIsf BZys {]XyXbnse A`mhw, cmas {]XyXbnse kmnyw FXv ChnsS ASnhcbnv DdnbmWv. "kzicoc\mbncns Rm \nfpsS Dn {]thinp, IXIpI Xpdnn.' blqZmsc `bv injym IXIpI ASnncnpIbmWv. AhntSmWv IXIpI XpdmsX, P\meI XpdmsX, ap s]mfnmsX kzicoc\mbn icoctmSpIqSn Rm \nfpsS kn[nbn Fnbncnpp Fp ]dbpp. Fns ZrjvSmw?. ss{IkvXh k`bpsS hnizmkns cv ASnm\ {]amWfmWv ChnsS ]dbpXv. kpdnbm\n Bcm[\m kmlnXyn C{Xta kpcambn BJym\w sNbvXnpw FpsImv Nnesc p{Zw sNbvXv abnbXpt]mse CXp hnkvacnp I\bndm t{]cnnp FXmWv \mw BcmtbbXv. AXns\ hmbnpp; "As\Xs I\ym{hXap{Z kpcnXambncns I\yIbpsS K`n \nv Rm P\np.' Virgin Birth . I\yImP\\sa ss{IkvXh k`bpsS hnizmknse ASnm\]camb kqN\. cmaXv ]dbpp: "As\ Xs Idbn ap{Z kpcnXambncnpIbpw Imh ]mfw `{Zambn ImphcnIbpw sNptm Rm AXn \nv ]pdsp.' Empty Tomb . {InkvXp Dbsgpt\n Fn RfpsS {]kwKw hyw. \nfpsS hnizmkw hyw.

The Womb and the Tomb adnbans DZchpw Idbnse DZchpw CXp k`bpsS ASnm\ hnizmkfmWv. Cu hnizmkns ncoIcWamWv kzicoc\mbncns \mw IXIpI ]qnbncns \nfpsS CSbn cmw hhpw ISp hp FXv hfsc hyambn ]dbpXv. Cu Hcp Bcm[\m kmlnXyw cq]sSp ]mew hyXykvXfmb thZhn]coXnIfpsSbpw kXys XakvIcnm\p ]cn{iafptSbpw ]menemsWv \ adcpXv. The Orthodox Veneration of St. mary Theotokos F Hcp ]pkvXIw djy ]mccyn Dv. ]cnip I\yIadnbmw AbpsS DZcn\nv {InkvXphns I\yImP\\w F kXys XakvIcnphm, blqZm apX, bh\m apX ]noSv XmXznIm apX NnIm apX Fmhcpw k`bnse ]e hn`mK tNv \Snb ]cn{iasfpdnv Aananv AXn hyambn ]dbppv.

I\yI K`w [cnv Hcp aIs\ {]khnpsa sbim{]hmNIs ]pkvXInse hmpI Septuagint ]In FgpXp kabv AXp Xncpn bphXn K`w Xcnv Hcp aIs\ {]khnpsav As dm_nam FgpXn tNpshv B ]pkvXIn \mw hmbnpp. Virgin FXn\p ]Icw Young woman Fp ]Icw tNpp. Ccnep ]cn{ia k`bvpnepa, blqZaXt_m[n\pnepa, \SncpXv. Egg Muller s BIYbn ]dbppv, blqZm acnptm AhcpsS ihsnpn aqp IpI shbvpambncps{X. Fn\v? Hv kznseptm adnbs Fdnbm. cmatXv tbmk^ns\ Fdnbm, aqmatXv {InkvXphns\ Fdnbm. Ccn Hcp henb aXhntZzjns Christianity tbmSp henb Hcp FXnns ]men thWw I\yIm K`spdnv Cu Bcm[\m kmlnXyn tcJsSpnbncnpXv, ss{IkvXh k`bpsS ASnm\ hnizmks kw_nv F{Xta {]_eambncp HmWv Fv \mw a\nemphm.

cmatXns sXfnhv hnip thZ]pkvXIn Xs Dv. hnip ambnbpsS kphntijn ]dbpp; B Id ap{Zshv ]qnbncpp, AhnsS Imh \n ]mfmv ssIqen sImSpv injym Ahs icocw tamjvSnp sImpt]mbn F Hcp IY Cpw {]Nmcnencnpp. (hn. ambn 28:12-15) Cu ]menemW:v "I\y{hXap{Z kpcnXambncns I\yIbpsS K`n\nv Rm P\np, As\ Xs Idbn ap{Z kpcnXambncnbpw Imhmfw ImpsImncnptm Rm AXn\nv ]pdsp' Fp ]dbpXns kmwKXyw. Ahkm\ambn olm ApX]chicmbncpp. Fmw tbip ]dbpXmbnmWv ]nXmm {]m\m]qw FgpXnbnp {]m\bn tcJsSpnbncnpXv. Cu hmp tItm injym ApX ]chicmbn \np. ktmjhpw Bizmkhpw Ahpmbn. A\cw tXmambpsS hnizmkpdhns\ Xom thn Ah Bhiys {]Imcw \ns BWn ]gpXn Ah hnc CSpXn\pw \ns hnemhns\ sXmp t\mpXn\pw \ns Ir]bm \o A\phZnp.

C\n thZ]pkvXIn ImWpXpt]mseb Bcm[\m kmlnXyn ImWpXv. "Ah Iv hnizknpIbpw kv]inv AdnbpIbpw sNbvXp. Ah Gp]dv kvXpXnv BlvfmZ`cnX\mbn. \o hyXymkanm Fs ssZhhpw ImhpamIppshv ]dp.' thZ]pkvXIn Fs Imhpw Fs ssZhhpta Ft \mw hmbnppp. FpsImmbncnpw? kpdnbm\n k`bpsS Bcm[\m kmlnXyn "hyXymkanm Fs Imhpw Fs ssZhhpta' Fp hnfnpXv. B ImeLn \nehnencp kXyhnizmkn\v FXncmb thZhn]coXnIġp Dchpw adp]Snbw Bbncpp AXv. aptmp hmbnptm, Ccp kz`mh hmZspdnpw GIkz`mh hmZspdnpw Hs Acw hnm\ imJIsfpdnsms \app kp]cnNnXamWv. Acw Hcp kmlNcynemWv. \nnse ssZhXzhpw a\pjyXzhpw th]ncnbm\mhm hn[w Hmbn Xs \nesImpp F k`bpsS kXyhnizmkns Hcp {]Jym]\ambnmWv Fs Imhpw Fs ssZhhpta F hmns\ k`m]nXmm hymJym\nv \InbnpXv. Ah Gp]dv Fm kwibtfbpw \onfp. Ahs kX {]Jym]\m Ah\obamb Hnn\ptijw kz`mhw csp kwibnphcpsS kwibs CmXmn. \ns AhXmcw shdpw tXmepw ambbpamsWp ]dncphcpsS Xw Ahs X\m Aenpt]mbn. As Imev \nehnencp Gnosticism Nnm[mcsbpdnsms \apdnbmhpXmWv. ssZhXznepw a\pjyXznepap \o HpXs Fv tXmamsb ]Tnnp. Dbnepw PV[mcWnepw \o Hp Xs. taepbcfnepw Xmsg Bgnepw \o HpXs. emkdns Idbv IcXv a\pjy\pw emkdns\ DbnXv ssZhhpw Fsms ]dncp Schools \v FXncmbn IrXyambn ]TnnbmWv.

"Rġpthn IjvXIfpw Ipcnpw kln RfpsS Imhpw ssZhhpw \obmIpp. Rsf{]Xn acnv ASsv aqmw Znhkw Rsf cn \o RfpsS Imhpw ssZhhpamIpp.' Ccn hyn]camb hnizmkw AXv Ant]mse Xs lrZbn BfnStcXmWv, AXv tIp am{Xw hnizkntX Iv AXv BbnotcXmsWp ]TnnXmWv amtm ss]XrIw. AXpt]mse Xs I\yImP\\w, Idbm\np Dm\w Cu cv ASnm\ hnizmk {]amW ss{IkvXh k`bpsS hnizmkns B[mc ineIfmWv Fv Ddp {]Jym]nemWv amtm ss]XrIw. ]gb ImemsWnepw ]pXnb ImemsWnepw kXyhnizmkn\v FXncmbn, HmtUmIvkv hnizmn\v FXncmbn Dbcp Fm thZhn]coXtfmSpw AknKv[ambn {]Xntcm[nemWv amtm ss]XrIw.

{InkvXphntep hmXnemWv am tXmamolm. {InkvXphntep hmXnemWv GsXmcp AtmkvtXme\pw. Acw Hcp tXmen \nv Ipdnpsh Nne hcnIfpv. Ahkm\ambn AXv \ncnshbvmw.

injyscmw NphSp shXv {InkvXphns ]nmse Bbncpp.
AXp ]etmgpw HmsX t]mIpXv \fmWv.
Ah \Inb kz]v\amWv AhcpsS lrZbw \ndbpXv.
Aht\mXnb ]mTfmWv incn \ndbpXv.
Ahs tNmc hoW an\nv AhcpsS ImepIġv NndIp apfp.
AXpXfn \nv An\mhv AhcpsSta ]mdnbncpp.
dqlm Ahcn In ]Sp.
]ns Ah \S hgnIf{Xbpw Hcp An ImhSnbmw BWv.

A Imetv hnhn[ ]coIfn \n hnjantn hmepw AXn B\nphn ImcWw Antim[\sb AXnPohnp \inpt]mIp kzsmfpw AXnPohnp hnizmkw Fp tLmjnv Ah P\s {InkvXpamntev B\bnp. injymcpsS \S]Sn ]pkvXIw hopw hopw Bhnv \mw [ym\nWw. shanm InWdpIfpw sImSpmpsImv HmSp aptaLfpw BImXncnm \mw Ahs\ DsmWw. Hcp a\tmsS PohnhcpsS IqamWv k`sbdnbWw. kIehpw s]mXphI Fv FnbhcpsS Iqw.

]Ww hmn ssIshv \ImXncph.
Xncpshgpns s]mcpXncnv Xcm F{X thWsanepw IqsS t]mh.
Xncpthmcfn kphntijambn Xs kzbw Pohnp Xoh.
]ckv]c X ]dp Xom tijn Dmbncph.
lrZbn IppsImp ]n{]kwK \Snbh.
kmaqlnI XnIsf \n`bw imknh.
\bvp ]Icw D]{Zhw GXn B\nh.
tZhmp Xpeyw _lpam\w \Ims\nbhcpsS ap]n \nv Hgnp amdnbh.
tI ]gnIġpw XnIġpw FXnsc {]m\m \n`camb au\w ]menh.
hmgvXepItfbpw XmgvXepItfbpw Ejn Xpeyamb BcnI kzOXtbmsS AXnPohnh
sXpI Gp]dv Xncpm B_ew Dmbncph
Aht\mSpIqsS acnm Xp\nndnbh

CXmWv AtmkvXem ]Ip X ss]XrIw.
CXmWv AtmkvXenI ]mccyw.

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